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130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

Agricultural Sector: 1.

Agricultural Sector: 1. Build an effective institutional system to manage climate change associated crises and disasters at the national level. 2. Activate genetic diversity of plant species with maximum productivity. 3. Achieve biological diversity of all livestock, fishery, and poultry elements to protect them and ensure food security. 4. Develop agro-economic systems and new structures to manage crops, fisheries and animal production, which are resilient to climate changes. 5. Increase the efficiency of irrigation water use, while maintaining crop productivity and protecting land from degradation. 6. Review of new and existing land use policies and agricultural expansion programs to take into account possibilities of land degradation in Delta and other affected areas resulting from Mediterranean Sea level rise. 7. Develop systems, programs and policies to protect rural community and support its adaptive capacity to the expected trend in land use change, plant and animal production, and internal migration due to climate change. Health Sector: 1. Identify potential health risks as a result of climate change. 2. Raise community awareness about CC risks and means of adaptation. 3. Increase the efficiency of healthcare sector and improve the quality of health services in dealing with climate change. 4. Support Ministry of Health efforts to improve the social and economic status and population characteristics. Urban Sector - Population: 1. Draw a baseline scenario for the optimal regional distribution of population and economic activities within the geographical boundaries of Egypt up to the year 2100, taking climate change into consideration. Tourism Sector: 1. Reduce climate change risks in touristic areas. 2. Engage users in supporting the proposed strategy. 3. Support periodical monitoring and observations systems and follow-up bodies. 4. Raise environmental awareness. 5. Cooperate with international bodies. 6. Incorporate disaster risks promoting sustainable tourism in Egypt. 7. Capacity building of local communities in touristic areas. Energy Sector: 1. Conduct comprehensive studies to assess the impact of CC on the energy sector, propose appropriate adaptation measures, and estimate the economic cost of the proposed adaptation measures. These studies should also determine the safe locations for the construction of power generation projects. 114

2. Build institutional and technical capacities of different units in the energy sector in climate change issues. 3. Support research and technological development to enable the electricity sector to deal properly with climate change. 7. Adaptation Actions in the City of Luxor The governorate, having compiled the vulnerability analysis and risk assessment, needs to identify a specific set of actions that will allow it to adapt to the situation it faces. A list of adaptation actions, identified from the international literature and best practices available, are presented in the following chapter, for each one of the five sectors studied above. Of course, additional measures, depending also on the local needs and situation would be necessary. However, the actions listed below are considered to be a good starting point. For each one of the five sectors, a further distinction of the adaptation actions in four categories is realized: • Strategic actions: Actions regarding the formulation of action plans, or strategic policy planning documents that set the basis for all the actions to come in the specific sector, • Alert /Communication actions: These are focusing on alerting the citizens on a situation, such as an extreme climate event or hazard (high temperatures, floods, tsunamis etc.), • Educational actions: The focus in this case is on increasing the awareness raising level of the citizens on a specific threat or situation that the municipality is faced and requires the citizens’ collaboration in one way or another, and • Technical actions: Activities that are directly addressing technically specific climate hazard. 7.1. Public health and quality of life Extreme weather events - particularly heat peaks and heavy rain or floods - might have a significant impact of public health and potential disease outbreaks. Strategic actions Health action plan for the extreme events: This is mainly about improving monitoring systems to ensure that any disease development will be detected early and addressed by competent public health services in the Governorate. This plan is currently under development. To optimise reactivity, in the event of a problem, a collaborative approach with the regional medical services has been developed. This includes processes to reach the appropriate preparedness level. Improve sheltering capacities: Improve air conditioning in public services (hospitals, city hall, etc.) using climate friendly options to offer appropriate extreme heat protection to those citizens that lack the infrastructure to protect themselves. Such sites should also be considered as potential shelters when other type of extreme weather events will affect the more vulnerable groups (storms, floods). Alert / Communication / Education Developing an early warning system, to alert citizens in the case of extreme weather events or natural disasters such as heat waves, fires, floods, etc. is vital. This system needs to be set up as early as possible connecting with national monitoring centres to be able to transmit appropriate information as early as possible to citizen of Luxor. 115

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