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130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

Technical management

Technical management Planning, construction and maintenance of forest* roads Trees planting Establishment of controlled flooding zones Beach nourishment or replenishment. It is the artificial placement of sand on an eroded shore to maintain the amount of sand present in the foundation of the coast, and this way to compensate for natural erosion and to a greater or lesser extent protect the area against storm surge (nourishment may also use gravel & small pebbles, particularly for shore face). Beach nourishment also often aims to maintain beaches (beach width for tourism and recreational purposes) Restoration and management of coastal wetlands and rivers* Establishment and restoration of riparian buffers. A general, multi-purpose, riparian buffer design consists of a strip of grass, shrubs, and trees between the normal bank-full water level and cropland. Riparian Buffer Strips are linear bands of permanent vegetation adjacent to an aquatic ecosystem intended to maintain or improve water quality by trapping and removing various nonpoint source pollutants from both overland and shallow subsurface flow. Buffer strips also provide (additional) habitat for aquatic species and may result in increased recharge of groundwater *There is one forest in Luxor Not yet done. * There is one forest in Luxor Done in the city of Luxor and more tress are underway to green the city Not done - Nile River banks received a protection action against erosion & maintenance, - Execution plan is done for these banks to cement and clad some selected areas to avoid collapse. Not yet done. Not yet done. 122

Section V: Project Fiches City of Luxor, Governorate of Luxor – Priority Action # 1 for SECAP 1. General presentation 1. Urban Sustainable Mobility Master Plan # 1 Summary of the Action Current Status – Transport in the City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor) Transport in the City of Luxor – Governorate of Luxor is one of the key concerns to be addressed, as this sector is both a significant domain of energy consumption (41% with 2002 GWh/year) and the first GHG emitter (33% with 531 ktCO 2eq/year). Also, the GHG emission from tourists’ transport amounts to 273 ktCO 2eq/year and 790GWh/y. Hence all transports represent 804 ktons CO 2 equivalent/year. The city counts with 8,460 private vehicles and 39,425 motorcycles. Citizen mobility services are ensured by commercial (private) transport (3105 Taxis & 424 Microbus) - within City of Luxor and its boundaries (neighbouring villages, cities, nearby Governorates). Additionally, there are 3,958 vehicles for transporting goods in the city. Tourists’ transport means are ensured by 3,674 vehicles, including: a) 1,837 buses & microbuses; b) 440 Sedan cars; c) 990 microbuses; and d) 407 buses. Location: City of Luxor, Governorate of Luxor Start date: October 2017 Project lifetime: 1 year End: December 2018 Estimated cost € 100 K€ initial investment for the design of the Master plan. All the above means of transport are using fuels that will negatively impact the city’s air quality and affect antiquities and heritage sites, namely Luxor temple, Karnak temple located in the heart of the urban part of the city and other monuments in the west bank. Adding to the vibration caused by the transport nearby these sites, all will eventually cause deterioration and perhaps collapse to some parts. Such problem is not limited to roads, but also extended to water transport’ means through the Nile river, which are causing water and air pollution to the antiquities heritage site near by the Nile river banks as well, due to the use of conventional means of fuels in running small passengers’ dhows and large cruise tourists’ boats. The Governorate has no public transport but depends only on private network and horses’ carriages for moving tourists in-and-around. The Governorate of Luxor, particularly the City of Luxor now wants to move forward to holistically solve these challenges by promoting sustainable mobility and green transport through developing a comprehensive strategic and efficient 123

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