10 months ago

130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

need of a strategic and

need of a strategic and comprehensive approach to improving the transport network and promoting a more sustainable model. With 210,000 tourists (2015 reference) using transportations (3,674 vehicles, including 1,837 buses & microbuses) and the city having 8,460 private vehicles and 39,425 motorcycles, on transforming the mobility model is a big challenge. Mobility services are, so far, only ensured by commercial (private) transport (3105 Taxis & 424 Microbus), which make it even more complex. Hence, it is vital to develop a comprehensive planning of green transport mobility, which will preserve the city future development, while improving quality of life in the urban area of the City of Luxor. This priority action #1 on greening transport and mobility would also support the National Adaptation Actions. It also supports the Governorate strategy attaining the set policies in the National Climate Change Communication Report, mainly the policies targeting development that is more sustainable based on four pillars: • More efficient use of energy, especially by end users. • Increased use of renewable energy as an alternative to non-renewable sources. • Use of advanced locally-appropriate and more-efficient fossil fuel technologies, which is less-emitting. • Energy efficiency is the cornerstone to be targeted by policy makers to decouple demand on energy and economic growth. Implementation plan Component 1: The City of Luxor first needs to get a more sophisticated understanding of mobility needs across the city and issues to be solved: • Traffic movements and intensity in different parts of the city, • Mobility habits of residents, • Needs for goods transport, • Main issues to be solved (traffic jam, air pollution, GHG emissions), and • Specific assessment of tourists’ transport needs and evolution of fluvial circulation management and transport needs. The first step of the Mobility Master plan design will consist in a detailed investigation of mobility issues, challenges and needs in Luxor. Component 2: From the detailed description of issues at stake, the study will draw strategic priorities with a double objective in mind – improve mobility services for people, goods, and tourists while reducing the environmental foot print of the transport sector and its impact on heritage and cultural sites and antiquities. This could include: • Designing a new organisation of transport services integrating transport needs and city planning policies, while prioritising collective / public transportation instead of private/ individual vehicles and active modes of mobility for people (walking and biking) in particular by providing safer conditions for users, 128

• Structuring the urban transport sector by empowering a public transport authority to take action for the improvement of transport in and around the city. In the case of Luxor, this would mean a closer collaboration between the Governorate and the Ministry of Transport, • Review traffic management rules and circulation routes to improve the flow of traffic, • Explore innovative solution that would significantly change the mobility paradigm in Luxor (RTB, electrical buses in reserved lane, etc.), • Developing incentives as well as regulatory measures adding constraints on the use of private motor vehicles and making other modes a more attractive choice, and • Implementing a common methodology to measure GHG emissions, report on them and monitor all other benefits deriving from the development of sustainable urban mobility, including river Nile clean transportation and sustainable cursing. Component 3 will articulate the different options in comprehensive scenarios taking into account all components of the evolution of mobility services (efficiency, comfort, energy consumption and GHG) and will assess the environmental impacts of the different scenarios. Component 4 will assess costs of the preferred scenario to help the Municipality council making the appropriate choice with the best return on investment. Component 5 will build up institutional capacities, as this is essential to prepare and oversee the implementation of the master plan. This would involve training in cost estimation, feasibility studies, funding schemes Component 6: Awareness raising is vital to change the current mode of transport to public sharing modality and to assist in the implementation of the plan and in transforming the city to be a green city (bicycles, flukes (dhows), cruises and boats to run by gas not fossil fuel and clean transport. Deliverables should be as follows: • Integrated Sustainable Mobility Master Plan for a period of 15 years (the best mobility scenario for the city) to improve mobility in the City Luxor and attain Egypt’s vision, SDS 2030 and SDG 7, 9, 11, 12, and 17, • Costing of these different components, • Implementation road map, including priorities to be addressed on the short and medium terms, • Environmental protection and adaption measures to reduce adverse impacts (locally and globally), and • Green city – transport. 3. Organisation and procedures Formal approval City council represented by the Governor of Luxor needs to decide for the implementation of such an investigation in coordination with GOPP. Staff allocated to prepare, implement, monitor action ≠1 • Mohamed Salah – Traffic Department Luxor • Mahmoud Samy, Traffic Department Luxor • Dr Ramadan Seddik, Environmental Affairs, Governorate of Luxor • Governorate of Luxor 129

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