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130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

- Integrated Coastal

- Integrated Coastal Zone Management – ICZM (1994), - Environmental Protection (1994, 2015), and - Public Partnership with Private sectors – PPP (2010). Decrees - Baselines of the Maritime Areas (1990), and - Public Authority for Rivers’ Transportation (1979). Plans and Programmes - Green Cities and Sustainable Development (2015), - Transport Master Plan 2012-2027 – MINTS, - Green Industrial Development (2015), - National Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Portfolio (2009), - National Low Carbon Economy Plan – NLCEP, - Protection of Natural Environmental Resources and Nature Conservation – PNERNC, EEAA, - Environmental Awareness – Training and Capacity Building, - Clean Production Mechanism CPM (2010), - National Environmental, Economic and Development Study – NEEDS (2010), and - Egyptian Pollution Abatement Programme – EPAP, EEAA (2007– 2012). Plan and programmes - Climate Change - Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan – UNDP and MoEnv (2015), - Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures – CCAMM, - Climate Change Action Plan – CCAP, - Climate Change Risk Management Programme – CCRMP, - National Action Plan for Adaptation – NAPA, and - Climate Change Risk Management Programme – CCRMP, MoEnv (2013). Initiatives - Low Emission Capacity Building – UNDP, MoEnv and EEAA (2013 – 2016), - Resilient Cities Acceleration Initiative - RCAI (2015), - Environment - Air and Water Quality, JICA and MoEnv (2006 – 2016), - Green Tourism Unit – GTU (2014), and - Private Sector Tourism Infrastructure and Environmental Management – WB (2003). Governorate and Municipal vision and strategy The Governorate of Luxor developed a Green City Strategy 2030 - GCS “Luxor the Heritage City of the World” that was launched on June 14, 2014. However, the implementation road map of the GCS has not been published yet. The Governorate of Luxor also joined the Resilient Cities Acceleration Initiative (RCAI) in its 3 rd phase with the objective to assist selected cities to be more resilient in confronting environmental challenges and counterbalance the impact of CC risks on the socioeconomic life. Keeping in mind its specific values and the local context, the City of Luxor develops a strategy consistent with Egypt’s Vision 2030, Energy Strategy 2035 and National SDS 2030. This strategy is structured around: 136

- Reduce energy consumption in all sectors through energy conservation and efficiency, in order to provide better services while reducing costs and impacts, and - Promote energy production from locally available renewable resources in order to cover as far as possible energy needs from these decarbonised sources. As the vulnerability analysis of the City of Luxor – Governorate of the Luxor indicates among 10 receptors including tourists is ranked the second highest risk (level 2) in terms of probability and impact. The City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxor developed and announced a Strategic Plan 2017, which promotes many projects in the areas of infrastructure. The strategy is centred on the objective of promoting Luxor as a green city. Within this strategy and in the Sustainable and Green Tourism Plan (SGTP), promoting clean and green transport system and sustainable water mobility in the Nile river is absolutely central to reduce energy consumption and lower CO 2 emissions that impacts air quality and the climate. The City of Luxor wants to expand the use of clean energy to cruise boats, promoting natural gas instead of diesel. In addition, the Governorate of Luxor is also intending to support the plan by informing and raising awareness of all Governorate’ staff and citizens on the impact of climate change, upcoming risks and adaptation actions, as well as the importance of applying sustainable energy measures. Priority Action #2 – Sustainable and Green Boats in the City of Luxor is in-line with such vision and strategy. Principal partners and stakeholders • Governorate of Luxor – City of Luxor (Municipality) • City Council represented by the Governor • Ministry of Local Development Contact person in the local authority Dr. Ramadan Sedik, Director of Environmental Affairs, Governorate of Luxor. • Ministry of Transport (MoTr)/ River Transport Authority • Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MoWRI) / General Administration for Nile river protection • Ministry of Environment / EEAA • Mo PMRs / EGAS and EGC – Luxor • Ministry of Interior / Civil Defence Department 2. Process Technical Process The objective is to switch as many boats as possible form using diesel and fuel to natural gas (CNG) as such a solution will significantly reduce GHG emissions for cruise boats and dhows. Additionally, renewable solution can be added to cover basic needs on board (electricity and sanitary warm water). Natural gas, mainly composed of methane, can be stored as liquid (LNG) or in compressed form (CNG). On the long term natural gas could come from bio-waste or from conversion of renewable electricity, hence offering a fully renewable supply for boats on the Nile river. Note that CNG is far more interesting than LPG as it can be produced from bio resources (through bio-digesters) when LPG is necessarily derived from oil. Technologies to manage CNG/LNG are progressing fast in Europe and could be easily transferred in Egypt. 137

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