10 months ago

130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

- Secure energy

- Secure energy resources, - Increase reliance on local resources, - Reduce the intensity of energy consumption, and - Raise the actual economic contribution of energy sector in the national income. This Priority Action #5 – Green Governorate Buildings Plan would also support the Governorate of Luxor’s strategy in meeting the set policies in the National Climate Change Communication report, mainly the policies targeting development of sustainable approach based on four pillars: • More efficient use of energy, especially by end users. • Increased use of renewable energy as an alternative to non-renewable sources. • Use of advanced locally appropriate and more efficient fossil fuel technologies that are less-emitting. • Energy efficiency is the cornerstone for policy makers to decouple energy demand and economic growth. Implementation plan Component 1: Phase 1: Setting up the EAU – Allocating staff – Installing basic equipment. Phase 2: Develop a specific programme “Green Governorate Buildings plan” - GGBP, mobilising managers and staff. This plan should focus on the following measures: - Open curtains and window shutters during daytime to avoid artificial lighting when outside air temperature is between 20°C and 25°C, - Keep the inside air temperature between 24°C - 25°C in summer to ensure good comfort all year long and make a strong cut in energy consumption (30 per cent of AC power consumption), - Avoid elevator and choosing staircase when going up or down one or two floors, only allow employee with heart problems to use elevators, - Turn off electric equipment at the end of working time or when not actually in use, and - Unplug all electricity cables from wall’s sockets as this could save about 5 per cent of the energy use, - It would be interesting to promote a challenge between services/ units to invite all workers from the Governorate (Municipality) to make efforts to save energy and cut GHG emissions. The best performing service would be celebrated as “energy saver/ climate saver’’ and would get a special gratification, and. - The Environmental Awareness Unit (EAU) supervised by CES-MED, to be set up within the Governorate, will promote these activities in coordination with the Governorate related staff. Component 2: Beyond promoting awareness and behavioural change, it is necessary to develop a clear and comprehensive plan to replace old devices (lamps and air conditioners) and equipment and install energy efficient systems that will help in reducing electricity consumption. Ideally, this programme should be implemented, in a first phase, in a small number of buildings (starting with the more symbolic one: the main Governor’s building or city hall), but covering all type of devices and equipment, in order to concentrate many initiatives on the selected buildings and demonstrate the benefit of these structural changes. 180

This includes: - Switch from AC/ Heating reverse systems to central management of heating and cooling. - Switch to LED lighting installation and incorporate motion sensors in offices of Governorate buildings. This device turns the lights off during un-occupied periods. This can reduce lighting consumption by 20% to 80% depending on the occupancy type of these spaces. A case study conducted by MoERE and UNDP (Wati Al-watt Initiative) in public buildings, including Government buildings in Cairo, demonstrated that a 9.5 million kWh saving per year (an equivalent to a cut of 5.6 million EGP (equivalent of 265,260 €) could be easily achieved when LED lamps with different wattage were installed. The fact came after assessing 22 projects (first phase) at an approximate investment of 340,910 EGP per project (equivalent of 16,148€). Such efficient lighting, in main areas was developed with a pretty limited investment of 7.5 million EGP (equivalent of 355,259 €) 68 . These technical solutions need to be tightly monitored to register impacts on energy consumption reduction to prepare progressive enlargement to a larger number of targeted building. Assumptions: - Price of 1 LED Lamp = 75 EGP (3.60 €), - Cost of a Solar PV unit with a 1KW power unit outside Cairo 1,500 US$ (1,278.5 €), - 1 kW in Egypt would produce around 5.2 kWh/day and 1898 kWh/ yearly, - According to Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC), the FiT (feed-in-tariffs) agreement of 2017 for solar generating electricity means that 1 kWh for commercial activities less than 500 kWh will be paid 108.58 piasters (0.053) per kWh, or 78.8EGP piasters (0.040) for PV plant between 500 kW and 20 MW, and - Cost of a Solar Water Heater unit (3 collectors) producing 2,760 kWh is 12,000 EGP = 584 €. Switch to LED lamps and sensor systems Replacing lamps in all public buildings with LED devices, would require installing 8,500 LED lamps (1 lamp per 10 square meters over 50% of the entire building area of 175,500 m 2 ). This would cost 30,600 for buying lamps + 9,400 for sensors hence a total investment of 40,000 € (822,000 EGP). Energy saved from such new equipment would represent 283 MWh/y (60% reduction in electricity consumption dedicated to lighting) representing an economy of 10,190 € (209,420 EGP) per year, allowing 4 years payback. Switching to more efficient AC devices Switch from AC/Heating reverse systems to central management of cooling/heating in 50% of these buildings is estimated 150.000 €. This will generate savings of 987 MWh/y (30% reduction on 70% of global electricity consumption in public buildings) avoiding a cost of 35,450 €/y (730,380 EGP) allowing a 4,5 years payback. 68 Energy efficiency Project – Waty El Watt, UNDP and GEF, available at : 181

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