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130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

In the case of

In the case of Luxor specifically, the Governorate seems to be facing a number of challenges and mobilising all forces to tackle them; raising awareness should be carried out in an interconnected manner between the Governorate and its citizens to create cohesion and therefore persuasion concerning the ongoing projects and the future ones. Therefore, it is important to have leverage which we can use and base our communication upon such as: Develop a communication strategy to highlight the benefits and promote the new direction in which the Governorate engages in the general benefit of the city of Luxor. The Awareness Raising Programme (ARP), would include lectures and workshops for staff and citizens that could encompass several actions and policies through all medias and means possible (a permanent municipal information point, articles in local and regional newspapers, brochures and posters…); it should as well inform the citizens about national energy policies and local implications, the prevailing energy conditions in the municipality, the state of progress of the different actions implemented within the framework of the sustainable energy strategy and the SECAP, and Successful projects in national and foreign municipalities, notably in municipalities that are members of the Convention of Mayors (COM), current events on sustainability and local success stories. Adopt a participative approach and reach out to the many concerned stakeholders and sectors such as the touristic operators, the households, governorate’s teams and employees, schools, farmers, socio-economic actors, NGOs, local councils, etc. Highlight the interdependencies between the different components that nourish the City’s economy and develop specific actions to educate citizens on ways to conserve natural resources, preserve water and save energy, especially during extreme weather events. Develop the image and branding of a green City in order to affect behavioural intents; as the public is increasingly concerned about environmental issues, green management is rapidly becoming a strategic tool that can enhance a city’s competitive advantage and attractiveness. Train the staff responsible for environmental management to become properly qualified and have the awareness, knowledge and skills to implement environmental best practices in accordance with regional and international standards. Establish a strong and comprehensive communication campaign adjusted to all stakeholders (Professional, head teachers, youth movements, religious leaders, touristic operators, associations...) to facilitate the planning and implementation of the SECAPs; stick to the vision slogan in every communication; and highlight the goal aimed at and attain it (A Heritage Green City); Educate the society and targets by offering helpful energy efficiency tips and disseminating good practices to reduce cost and usage at home on a day-to-day basis. This will convey a resonance regarding the populations’ own energy consumption (through entertainment, talk shows, special guests and things happening); and will make people aware of the positive effect their actions can have on their global and local environments. Last but not least, empower the communication cell within the municipality and strengthen its capabilities and its human resources. It will be able to establish communication between the Governorate and the civil society and keep it constantly aware of projects and involve it in order to implement the concept of eco-responsibility. 214

References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Egyptian Perspective: The Status Quo of Renewable Energies and the Framework of Energy- Governance, Ch. 1; “A Guide to Renewable Energy in Egypt and Jordan: Current Situation and Future Potentials.” ISBN: 978‐ 9957-484-62-0, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Available at: www.fes-jordan.org/ (Accessed: 31.08.2016). http://www.reeep.org/egypt-2012/ - http://www.reegle.info/policy-and-regulatory-overviews/EG. NEEAP Egypt published at RCREEE - Available at: www.rcreee.org/ (Accessed: 17.08.2016). UNDP – available at http://www.eg.undp.org/ (Accessed: 20.08.2016). http://www.moee.gov.eg/english_new/Presentations/EEDC.pdf/ (Accessed: 16.08.2016). Mints – MISR National Transport Study, the comprehensive study on the Master Plan for Nationwide Transport system, Egypt, Final Report, March 2012, JICA - available at: http://www.open_JICAreport.JICA.go.jp/pdf/12057584.pdf Transport Sector the way forward, Ministry of Transport. http://www.comcec.org/wpcontent/uploads/2015/03/COMCEC_EGYPT.pdf http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/09/RESILIENCE-Resilient-Cities-Acceleration- Initiative.pdf/ - (Accessed: 26.08.2016) RCREEE at: www.rcreee.org/ - (Accessed: 29.07. 2016). The Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, MoIIC – Available at: http://www.miic.gov.eg/Front/Cooperation/DevPartnerList.aspx - (Accessed: 14.08.2017). Energy Efficiency Building Code, a Roadmap for Implementation in the MENA Region, September 2013, MED-ENEC – (Accessed: 20.08.2016). Energy efficiency Project – Waty El Watt, UNDP and GEF, available at: http://www.php.eepegypt.org/. http://www.meobserver.org/?p=4210 Alberto Marini, Mohamed Talbi, Desertification and Risk Analysis Using High and Medium Resolution Satellite Data: Training Workshop on Mapping Desertification, Springer Science & Business Media, 2008, p. 274. Olagunju, Temidayo Ebenezer, Ecology and Environmental Biology Unit, Department of Zoology University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria., "Drought, desertification and the Nigerian environment," academic journals, Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment., vol. 7, pp. 196-209, July , 2015. NESCO, "What is desertification? Objective: Introduce the phenomenon of desertification," Available at: www.unesco.org/mab/doc/ekocd/chapter1.html - (Accessed on July 15, 2017). E.C. OERKE, Institute for Plant Diseases, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 9, D-53315 Bonn, Germany, "Crop losses to pests" The Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. Volume 144, no. Issue 01, pp. pp 31-43, February 2006. Elizabeth Martin Perera and Todd Sanford, "Climate Change and Your Health: Rising Temperatures, Worsening Ozone Pollution," Union of Concerned Scientists, June 2011. Egyptian Weather forecast Centre, (EWFC) Ministry of Health report, 17 th August 2015 "Climate: Observations, projections and impacts," UK Met Office, 2011 David Tresilian, "Egypt and climate change," Ahram weekly, May 2014. Available at: weekly.ahram.org.eg /News/6060/32/Egypt-and-climate-change.aspx – Accessed: 20.04.2016. Christopher R. Adams, "Impacts of Temperature Extremes", available at: http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/ socasp/weather1/adams.html/ - Accessed: 20.04.2016. "Historical Climate Variability and Change, Egypt dashboard", The World Bank Group, 2016, Available at: sdwebx.worldbank.org/climateportalb/home.cfm?page=country_profile&CCode=EGY&ThisTab=RiskOverview. Accessed: 20.04.2016 Joel Smith, Bruce McCarl Texas, Paul Kirshen James Malley and Mohamed Abdrabo, "Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Egyptian Economy 2013," United Nations Development Programme, Cairo, Egypt, 2013 Alexandra Fielden Intern, "Ignored Displaced Persons: the plight of IDPs in urban areas," Policy Development and Evaluation Service, UNHCR, no. 161, July 2008 C. P. Kumar, "Climate Change and Its Impact on Groundwater Resources," International Journal of Engineering and Science, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 43-60, October 2012 215

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    This project is funded by the Europ

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    EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE

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    Table of contents Executive Summary

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    4.3. Renewable energy development .

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    2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu

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    List of tables Table 1: Emission fa

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    Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an

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    Section I: Governorate climate and

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    (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u

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    implementing the NEEAP and using sm

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    previously set by H.E. General Fara

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    8. Construct 4500 housing units in

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    2. Promote the integration of energ

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    The SEAU will be in charge of all G

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    To ensure the success of project im

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    Financing the SECAP The Governorate

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    consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.

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    1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e

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    Value provided Method Final value E

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    * Emissions from livestock and anim

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    average emissions per capita in Egy

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    10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui

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    Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4

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    Figure 11: Impression of the City o

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    4. Planned actions for the city of

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    This commitment to act on its own p

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    EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering

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    places and avenues where the new li

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    - Get a good understanding of the b

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    energy conservation, energy efficie

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    only possible when real alternative

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    155 boats with an average fuel cons

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    Luxor and, by the way, a very effic

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    4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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