6 days ago

130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

Electricity consumption

Electricity consumption in Waste Treatment 7,453 MWh/year We used the IPCC Waste Model Tool (ref. LUX_WWM1) to calculate the emissions of solid waste treatment using the following hypothesis and data shown in Table 2. The amount of solid waste collected excluding tourist waste is 29,000 tons/year. Regarding composition of waste, the Governorate of Luxor was applied to estimate tons of organic waste, paper and cardboard and other domestic waste. Table 2: Total waste in the City of Luxor (2015) Type of waste Percentage of total (%) Organic waste 23.7 % Paper and cardboard 2.8 % Glass 16 % Metal 16.3 % Plastic 4.4 % Other 36.8 % Because of the lack of historical data, the ratio of waste production per capita and waste composition are supposed stable. - In the city of Luxor, all the waste is going to landfill without methane capture. - The IPCC default values are used for DOC and Methane generation rate constant (k). Electricity and Diesel consumption for water management is provided by the Governorate of Luxor. These values were considered consistent, and supposed to include pumping, distribution and energy used for wastewater treatment. For non-energetic emissions quantity of treated waste water, the waste water treatment factor from the Base Carbone/ADEME methodology was applied (0,155 Kg CO 2/m 3 ). Agriculture Fuel and electricity consumption are provided by Governorate of Luxor are considered consistent. For non-energetic emissions (CH 4), emission factors are directly taken from the national emissions inventory or estimated from it, and applied to local number of animals. N 2O non-energetic emissions: data for Egypt were not available therefore we applied the ratio per hectare (ha) of crops used in CES-MED BEI for Algeria. Table 3: Non-energetic emission produced from animal in the City of Luxor (2015) in kgCH4/animal/y Number of Animals Type Manure Management Enteric Fermentation Dairy Cows 70,365 2 40 Goats 110,664 0 5 Sheep 156,031 0 5 Camels 1,701 2 46 Horses 540 2 18 Poultry 2,884,370 0 0 Mules and Asses - 1 10 Buffalos 55,842 4-5 55* 36

* Emissions from livestock and animal manure IPCC - available at: Tourism The Governorate of Luxor provided fuel and electricity consumption from hotels. We noticed there are no solar thermal sources registered, but very few SWH collectors were installed on top of some hotels, but not significant. Hotel waste production was provided by the Governorate. Land transport consumption is estimated based on the number of vehicles and an average trip distance of 38 km provided by Governorate of Luxor. Air transport was estimated from the number of aircrafts’ movements in Luxor airport applying the Landing and Take Off emission factor from EMEP/EEA emission inventory guidebook 2013. 2. Results 2.1. Energy consumption Total energy consumption in the city of Luxor perimeter (administrative boarder) is estimated to be 4,937 GWh Final Energy/year in 2015, equivalent to 8,61 MWh/person/year. This rate is considered to be high, due to the very important impact of tourism. If tourism consumptions were not considered, energy consumption would go down to 7,14 MWh/person/year. The following tables and charts show distribution per sectors. Table 4: Final Energy consumption/ year - Luxor GWh/yr Residential building 1 243 Tertiary building (inc. governorate buildings) 295 Public Lighting 6 Industry 518 Transport 2 002 Water, Waste 27 Tourism 842 Agriculture* 4 Figure 4: Final Energy/year (2015) * includes crops, animal production and fishing Luxor Energy consumption of Governorate’s buildings located in the city of Luxor is included under tertiary buildings, although it is detailed in the dedicated chapter and tables. 37

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