7 months ago

130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

choice, providing loans

choice, providing loans at an attractive rate as an incentive to support the transition. Hotels and resorts having benefited from subsidies or loans from the fund would be invited to replenish this fund with a contribution proportionate to the saving obtained through refurbishment operations. Note that this refurbishment plan could create many jobs in Luxor and develop a real expertise in promoting green and sustainable resorts and hotels. Cruise fleet Like for hotels and resorts, there are significant margin for improvement in energy efficiency of cruise boats and dhows sailing on the river Nile. Considering the very low rate of occupancy in cruise boats, it is urgent to promote a rational use of the fleet, decommissioning old boats and refurbishing the one that would stay operational. The Governorate of Luxor could facilitate the establishment of “Green boat refurbishment fund” that could be replenished by tourist operators benefiting from loans or subsidies to upgrade their boat. Note that modern engines could dramatically reduce energy consumption. Some on board functions and services could also be supplied only from renewable electricity produced with solar PV installed on the rooftop of cruise boats. It would be also important to rationalize occupancy on cruise boats to avoid having some travelling with half (or even less) of their carrying capacity. This is probably more complex to organize. However, the City of Luxor can facilitate a negotiation among operators to promote different models of planning cruises with the objective of reaching the optimum energy consumption per tourist on board (more tourist on a boat meaning less energy consumption per capita, and a better benefit for cruise boats operators). As mentioned earlier, it is necessary to improve waste management on board of cruise boats to avoid Nile pollution. Collecting waste on the dock, will also allow separating bio-waste that could be then processed in bio-digesters to produce biogas. The fleet improvement programme should extend to redesigning the docks to make them a demonstrative example of what a “green harbour” on river Nile could be. Obviously the new plans should promote solar PV equipment as a major source of renewable energy supply for all activities along the docks. Hence, renewable energy will supply docking boats avoiding unnecessary use of diesel motors when cruise boats and dhows are not sailing. This “Green dock programme” should be connected with the Sustainable, Clean and Green Urban Mobility Master Plan to promote a smooth and easy transportation service from the airport to the dock and return and from the hotels to the dock and return with the ultimate objective of minimizing the need for buses or cars on the road between these different locations. On land tourists’ transports It is urgent to promote upgrading of on land transportation equipment taking advantage of modern technologies (hybrids, biogas, electric vehicles, etc.) to significantly reduce fossil energy consumption. It is also urgent to optimise tourism vehicles occupancy to reduce the number of vehicle in use in the city of Luxor and around the heritage sites. One option would be to establish a “green transport line” between the City centre of Luxor, where most hotels are and the most important heritage sites such as Luxor temple, Karnak temple, Valley of the King, using electric buses or biogas ones would be a nice symbol of Luxor switching to renewable energy. This would be the great come back of the “sun” at the centre of City of Gods! One can also think ways of modernizing the use of horse carts, which are parts of the identity of the City of 62

Luxor and, by the way, a very efficient green transportation system. Heritage and tourist attraction Heritage sites and tourist attractions consume 24.3 GWh/year in electricity. This consumption is mainly due to lighting sites in the evening and at night. It is hard to understand why heritage sites should be lighted up at night. If this is a security requirement there are probably other solutions to be explored to avoid having lights up all night. Anyway, even if lighting is unavoidable it would be good to run a detailed assessment of the current lighting system as there are probably significant gain to obtain from modern technologies that would offer the same service while reducing consumption. Expected results Assumptions: - Awareness raising and improved management of energy could easily result in a 10% reduction of energy consumption in hotels and resorts and a 10% reduction in land transport management, - Awareness raising and improved management of cruise boat occupancy could lead to a 30% cut in energy consumption for the cruse boats, - On the longer term, a cruise fleet refurbishment programme would result in a 30% cut in GHG emissions (switching from fuel and diesel to natural gas for cruise boats), - Likewise investing in modern engines could lead to another 20% cuts in energy consumption from buses and taxis, - Refurbishment in hotels and resort could lead to another 40% cuts, and - Efficiency in lighting heritage sites could lead to 20% electricity consumption reduction. Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO 2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut / BAU Tourism 841,846 239,669 - 247,050 - 130,271 309,173 42 % Awareness raising (hotels) - 2,719 - 1,495 Awareness raising (transport) - 3,200 - 858 Awareness raising and occupancy optimisation in cruise boats -219,000 - 59,000 Cruise fleet refurbishment - 59,000 Land transportation replacement - 6,400 - 1,716 Hotel and resort refurbishment - 10,876 - 5,982 Efficiency of lighting heritage sites - 4,855 -2,670 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI 63

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