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130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

SECTION II: BASELINE

SECTION II: BASELINE EMISSION INVENTORY .............................................................................. 30 1. Considered scope and methodological principles .................................................................. 30 1.1. Some orders of magnitude ..................................................................................................... 30 1.2. Methodological principles of the inventory ........................................................................... 31 1.2.1. Calculation method ......................................................................................................... 31 1.2.2. Considered scope ............................................................................................................ 31 1.3. Detailed methodology on each sector .................................................................................... 32 1.3.1. Common data sets ........................................................................................................... 32 1.3.2. Emission factors of energetic consumption (IPCC, NREA) ............................................... 33 1.4. Results ..................................................................................................................................... 37 1.5. Energy consumption ............................................................................................................... 37 1.6. GHG emissions ........................................................................................................................ 38 1.7. Zoom on municipal assets and services .................................................................................. 40 1.8. Business-As-Usual scenario..................................................................................................... 41 1.9. Complete BEI spreadsheets – the City of Luxor, Governorate of Luxor ................................. 42 SECTION III: SECAP - ACTIONS PLANNED ...................................................................................... 44 1. Executive Summary ............................................................................................................. 44 2. Background information ...................................................................................................... 44 3. Governorate vision .............................................................................................................. 46 4. Planned actions for the city of Luxor .................................................................................... 47 4.1. Action on Governorate buildings and services ....................................................................... 48 4.1.1. Municipal buildings .......................................................................................................... 49 4.1.2. Street lighting .................................................................................................................. 51 4.1.3. Water delivery ................................................................................................................. 53 4.1.4. Solid waste management ................................................................................................ 54 4.1.5. City of Luxor / Governorate fleet..................................................................................... 56 4.1.6. Awareness campaign ....................................................................................................... 56 4.2. Action plan on the City of Luxor ............................................................................................. 58 4.2.1. Transport ......................................................................................................................... 58 4.2.2. Tourism Sector ................................................................................................................. 60 4.2.3. Residential buildings ........................................................................................................ 64 4.2.4. Tertiary buildings ............................................................................................................. 66 4.2.5. Agriculture and forestry .................................................................................................. 68 4.2.6. Industry ............................................................................................................................ 69 4

4.3. Renewable energy development ............................................................................................ 70 4.3.1. Solar PV ............................................................................................................................ 70 4.3.2. Solar heating .................................................................................................................... 72 4.3.3. Biogas ............................................................................................................................... 73 4.3.4. Hydro along the Nile River ............................................................................................... 73 4.3.5. Expected results............................................................................................................... 73 5. Conclusions ......................................................................................................................... 74 SECTION IV: CLIMATE ADAPTATION PLAN ................................................................................... 76 1. Executive summary .............................................................................................................. 76 2. Current Status Analysis ........................................................................................................ 76 2.1. Introduction to Climate Change Impact ................................................................................. 76 2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egypt ........................................................................................... 79 2.2.1. Climate change impacts – Urban areas ........................................................................... 80 2.2.2. Climate change impacts – Costal zones ........................................................................... 81 2.2.3. Climate change impacts – Agriculture ............................................................................. 82 2.2.4. Climate change impacts – Water ..................................................................................... 82 2.2.5. Climate change impacts – Ecosystems ............................................................................ 83 2.2.6. Climate change impacts – Tourism .................................................................................. 84 2.2.7. Climate change impacts – Health .................................................................................... 85 3. National and Regional Strategy on Climate Change Adaptation ............................................. 86 3.1. The commitments in place at the national level .................................................................... 86 3.1.1. The national strategy, its goals and commitments, sectors affected.............................. 87 3.1.2. Regional strategy and the specificities the region faces ................................................. 89 4. Climate data and Climate change projections ....................................................................... 90 4.1. Climate overview in Luxor ...................................................................................................... 90 4.2. Climate trends ......................................................................................................................... 92 4.2.1. Main climate trends ......................................................................................................... 94 4.2.2. Climate change weather scenarios .................................................................................. 94 4.2.3. Climate change risks – Luxor ........................................................................................... 95 4.2.4. Adaptation Scoreboard.................................................................................................... 96 5. Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Analysis .......................................................................... 98 6. National Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures ...........................................110 6.1. Climate Change Action Plan - CCAP ...................................................................................... 110 6.2. Adopted Measures within the framework of the INDCs ...................................................... 111 5

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5: Table of contents Executive Summary
  • Page 9 and 10: 2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu
  • Page 11 and 12: List of tables Table 1: Emission fa
  • Page 13 and 14: Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an
  • Page 15 and 16: Section I: Governorate climate and
  • Page 17 and 18: (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u
  • Page 19 and 20: implementing the NEEAP and using sm
  • Page 21 and 22: previously set by H.E. General Fara
  • Page 23 and 24: 8. Construct 4500 housing units in
  • Page 25 and 26: 2. Promote the integration of energ
  • Page 27 and 28: The SEAU will be in charge of all G
  • Page 29 and 30: To ensure the success of project im
  • Page 31 and 32: Financing the SECAP The Governorate
  • Page 33 and 34: consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.
  • Page 35 and 36: 1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e
  • Page 37 and 38: Value provided Method Final value E
  • Page 39 and 40: * Emissions from livestock and anim
  • Page 41 and 42: average emissions per capita in Egy
  • Page 43 and 44: 10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui
  • Page 45 and 46: Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4
  • Page 47 and 48: Figure 11: Impression of the City o
  • Page 49 and 50: 4. Planned actions for the city of
  • Page 51 and 52: This commitment to act on its own p
  • Page 53 and 54: EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering
  • Page 55 and 56: places and avenues where the new li
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    - Get a good understanding of the b

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    energy conservation, energy efficie

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    only possible when real alternative

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    155 boats with an average fuel cons

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    Luxor and, by the way, a very effic

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    4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    the installation of ordinary lamps

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    - Staff training needs: Coordinatio

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    - Coordinate with the road manageme

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    2.2.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    3.1. Template Identification of CAP

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    expected in %. 2- Reduce carbon emi

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    staff and household owners and mana

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    Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre

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    References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Eg

  • Page 225:

    Climate Change Legislation in Egypt

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