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130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

Energy in MWh/year

Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut/ BAU Tertiary buildings 290,740 126,111 - 273,054 - 21,096 162,683 13 % Awareness to reduce consumption - 43,611 - 15,822 Pilot projects - 14,536 - 5,274 4.2.4.4 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI. Awareness to reduce consumption 30,000 € 1 to 2 years Pilot projects 1,000,000 € 3 to 4 years Agriculture and forestry 4.2.5.1 Current situation Agriculture is an important sector of the economy, representing 13.7 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and providing 30 per cent of all employment. The agriculture in the Governorate of Luxor is relatively well developed, but in the City of Luxor there is only little number of farmers. There are no forestry areas in the Governorate, but there is one in the City of Luxor. In 2015, the agriculture sector consumed 4 GWh/year for irrigation and crop processing. Agriculture activities surrounding the city are a combination of sugar cane, wheat, bananas and vegetables. Sugar cane and dried tomatoes from Luxor are very famous. The total crop area in the city of Luxor is 65,959 acres of which 25,760 acres of sugarcane 17,101 of wheat 13,712 of corn and 9,422 of other crops. Apart from poultry, animal production is very limited as shown below. One of the biggest problems in agriculture is the burning of pre-harvest sugar cane, which is the main cultivated crop in the city of Luxor (production: 237 tons/ season). Around 337,110 tons are burned every year causing visible pollution in the air. Live stock Count Poultry farms 184 Cows 70,365 Goats 110,664 Poultry 2,884,370 Buffalos 55,842 Sheep 156,031 Hourses 540 Camels 1,701 68

4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agriculture in the Governorate of Luxor produces a large amount of waste from harvesting, recycling such residues should be a top priority. The option would be to organize the collection of crop residues and combine this material with other bio-waste from other sources (food waste from hotel and resorts) to process it in bio-digesters. This plan would allow production of biogas possibly transformed into electricity and heat or used directly as fuel for vehicles. Considering the very minimal impact of agriculture in energy consumption, it is not strategic to develop any actions to reduce energy consumption at this stage attention should focus on more strategic areas (transport, tourism, and residential buildings). It is almost impossible at this stage to assess what could be the impact of an action plan. As mentioned above action to reduce energy consumption will only have a very marginal impact. Input from renewable energy production (biogas) will only be estimated when a more detailed assessment of available bio-waste will have been conducted. Industry 4.2.6.1 Current situation Industry in the city of Luxor is not a major economic sector like tourism. However, it remains a subject of concern as this sector consumes 10% of the total energy (518 GWh/y) and is the fourth GHG emitter (9% with 155 ktCO 2 equivalent/ year) surpassing tertiary buildings. 4.2.6.2 Short-term actions (3 to 5 years’ time frame) Three options could be promoted on the short term to prepare a more interesting long-term impact: - Get a better understanding of energy consumption and GHG emission of the industry in Luxor, in order to build a comprehensive action plan on a robust analysis of the sector; - Raise awareness among business owners by inviting them to think about any changes they could promote to reduce their own energy consumption or to encourage products and services that will help their clients to reduce their own energy consumption; and - Raise awareness among the business sector on the benefit of developing renewable energy solutions and the industry that supports this development. One practical option would be to develop energy audits for companies willing to address energy issues. This approach will help entrepreneurs considering the importance of energy in their business model and its impact on their profitability. When they will have understood how important is the subject, they will be keen to engage actions to reduce their energy consumption and when possible and appropriate to develop renewable energy production capacities. 4.2.6.3 Long-term action (5 to 15 years’ time frame) The “Green Industry Unit” initially set up to offer services to Industry’ operators could progressively expend its support to the service sector (tertiary buildings) and the industry. This technical unit would provide advices and technical support to any company willing to seriously address any issues regarding energy consumption or production. 69

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