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9 months ago

130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

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Source: http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/weather/maps/city?LANG=en&WMO=62405&ART=MXMN&CONT=afri&R=0&LEVEL=150®ION=0011&LAND=EG&NOREGION=1&MOD= &TMX=&TMN=&SON=&PRE=&MONAT=&OFFS=&SORT=&MM=07&YY=2017&WEEK=24 Climate data: Annual Maximum temperature 2017), Luxor Maximum pressure 2017, Luxor Figure 19: Climate data (Mean Temperature and Precipitation Level (year 2016 - 2017), Luxor Source : https://weatherspark.com/y/97258/Average-Weather-in-Luxor-Egypt 4.2. Climate trends The decadal trends in seasonally averaged temperatures for Egypt between 1960 and 2010 indicate that there is a spatially consistent warming signal for temperature over Egypt 57 . Figure 19 describes both summer consistent warming (June to August) and winter (December to February). In the city of Luxor – Governorate of Luxor and the city of Hurghada – Governorate of Red Sea, there is a warming period during summer of 0.25 °C to 0.5 °C per decade compared with that during winter of 0.05 °C to 0.1°C per decade as shown in Figure 20. In line with the increase in the mean temperature, warm nights have become more frequent. It increased by +2 to +3.5 per cent per decade, whereas cool nights have occurred less frequent due to the decrease by - 1 to - 2 per cent per decade as shown in Figure 21. Regarding the rainfall pattern, the annual total precipitation over the period 1960 to 2003 decreased relatively from the baseline (1961-1990) by -1 mm to -15 mm in the city of Hurghada – Governorate of Red Sea as shown in below. 57 Egypt Climate: Observations, projections and impacts, UK Met Office, 2011 - The research was led by the UK Met Office in collaboration with experts from the University of Nottingham, Walker Institute at the University of Reading, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, University of Leeds, Tyndall Centre — University of East Anglia, and Tyndall Centre — University of Southampton – available at: http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/binaries/content/assets/mohippo/pdf/4/j/egypt.pdf 92

Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a,b), warm nights (c,d), cool days (e,f) and warm days (g,h) for Egypt over the period 1960 to 2003 relative to 1961-1990. Source: UK Met Office, 2011 a) Decadal trends b) Area average annual time series for 24.375 - 35.625°E, 21.25 - 31.25 °N. Figure 21: Total annual precipitation for Egypt over the period 1960 to 2003 relative to 1961-1990 from HadEX (Alexander et. al, 2006). Source: UK Met Office, 2011 93

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