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This England

This England is the quarterly magazine for all who love our green and pleasant land and are unashamedly proud of their English roots. Published since 1968 the magazine has now become one of England’s best loved magazines and has a readership of over 115,000 people from around the world. As well as being popular in England it outsells all other British heritage magazines in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and is sent to readers in every country of the world. Published in Cheltenham, in the heart of picturesque Gloucestershire, the magazine is edited, printed and despatched direct from England. Subscribe today and celebrate all that is best about England and the English way of life.

The Historic Homes of

The Historic Homes of England Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire The castle dates back to the early Norman period and in 1327 was the scene of the alleged gruesome murder of King Edward II. The first building, a motte and bailey, was erected in 1067 and the edifice initially passed to Robert Fitzharding, an early member of the Berkeley family who were later given permission to rebuild and extend the site with the aim of defending the Bristol to Gloucester road (now the A38), as well as the estuary of the River Severn which at the time was an important trading route. In 1326 it was ransacked by the forces of Hugh Despenser, a favourite of Edward II, but the hapless king was later imprisoned before his subsequent murder and his cell is still on display to visitors. Ironically, in the same century the great hall was given a magnificent new roof. During the Civil War the castle was captured by the Parliamentarians but the Berkeley family was allowed to stay throughout hostilities. They are still resident today in what is the third oldest continuously occupied castle, only the royal fortresses of the Tower of London and Windsor Castle pre-dating it. JOHN BLAKE A member of the Historic Houses Association, Berkeley Castle is open every day from Sunday to Wednesday during April to October, and further information can be obtained by ringing 01254 810303 or by emailing .

Winter 2017 . . . is a quarterly journal published in Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter, for all who love our green and pleasant land. Annual subscription rates: (4 quarterly editions, inc. postage and packing): U.K. addresses £21; Overseas addresses £29 (by Airmail) Personal dollar cheques accepted from USA at $39.44 per subscription; Canada $51.91; Australia $51.62; New Zealand $54.81. Next four UK Publication Dates (approx): Spring 2018: 7th Feb.; Summer 2018: 9th May; Autumn 2018: 8th Aug.; Winter 2018: 7th Nov. Editor: Stephen Garnett Deputy Editor: Angeline Wilcox Assistant Editors: Susan Kelleher, Peter Worsley Media: Edmund Whitehouse Production: Ann Augur, Keren Bowers Music Editor: Percy Bickerdyke Recording Engineer: Eric Holmes Advertising: Bryn Piper Editorial Secretaries: Christine Freeman Angie Mulcahy Head of Publishing: Maria Welch SALES/SUBSCRIPTIONS: This England, PO Box 814, Haywards Heath, Sussex RH16 9LQ. Telephone: FREEPHONE 0800 074 0188 (Mon-Fri 8am-6pm, Sat 9am-5pm) Overseas +44 1382 575052 E-mail: Internet: EDITORIAL: This England, The Lypiatts, Lansdown Road, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50 2JA. Telephone: UK 01242 225780 Overseas +44 (0) 1242 225780 E-mail: Articles and photographs submitted for publication must be accompanied by a stamped addressed envelope for return if unsuitable. Whilst all reasonable care will be taken, the Publishers do not accept responsibility for loss of, or damage to material sent in for consideration. Address all submissions to the Editor at This England’s Editorial Office. On a winter’s night, floodlights illuminate one of England’s greatest ecclesiastical treasures: Beverley Minster in the East Riding of Yorkshire. KERRY DUNCAN Page Contents WINTER 2017 Source/Contributor 12 The Historic Homes of England: Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire John Blake 14 Speak to me of England Margaret Dixon 10 The Editor’s Letter Stephen Garnett 12 A Royal History of England: James II Paul James 16 In England — Now!: A Rescue Centre…for Rocking Horses Hilary Gray 18 English Excursions: Histories and Mysteries of North Essex John Wade 22 A Royal Wedding Anniversary: 70 Glorious Years Angeline Wilcox 24 London Pride: Historic Cemeteries Barbara Bothwell 26 Notes from a Cottage Garden Rosemary Pettigrew 28 Customs and Curiosities of Oxford and Cambridge Adam Jacot de Boinod 31 A Winter’s Day in England Rebecca Welshman 32 Poets’ Corner Susan Kelleher 34 Trams into Town Christopher Nicholson 38 Nelson’s Column: Keeping an eye on the nation George Nelson 40 The art of John Lowerson Peter Worsley 42 Post Box: Letters to the Editor — 43 Silver Cross of St. George: Roger Helmer Charles Meredith 46 This England’s New Festival of Britain! — 48 Forget-Me-Nots: Long Live The Guisers! Maurice Holmes 50 Ding Dong Merrily On High Rebecca Crowley 52 Christian England: The Church of St. Michael and St. George, Castleton, Yorkshire John Watson 54 Memories of Michael Bond Amanda Hodges 56 In search of Lawrence of Arabia Steve Roberts 60 Where Have all the Fairies Gone? Lin Bensley 62 Turner’s House: Sandycombe Lodge, Twickenham Amanda Hodges 66 Centenary of the First World War: Story of the Scrapbooks Susan Ross 68 Cornucopia — 72 English Books — 76 English Diary — 100 Home Again David Webb This England — read by two million patriots all over the World! Printed in England by Webmart Ltd, OX26 4UL Distributed by Marketforce (UK), 2nd Floor, 5 Churchill Place, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HU. EXPORT DISTRIBUTION (excluding AU and NZ) Seymour Distribution Ltd, 2 East Poultry Avenue, London EC1A 9PT Tel: +44(0)20 7429 4000 Fax: +44(0)20 7429 4001 Email: Website: © 2017 This England Publishing Ltd. This England, ISSN 0040-6171, is published quarterly (Feb., May, Aug., Nov.) by This England Publishing Ltd., Stonecroft, 69 Station Road, Redhill, Surrey, RH1 1EY, UNITED KINGDOM. The US annual subscription price is $41.18. Airfreight and mailing in the USA by agent named Worldnet Shipping Inc., 156-15, 146th Avenue, 2nd Floor, Jamaica, NY 11434, USA. Application to Mail at Periodicals Postage Prices is Paid at Jamaica NY 11431. US Postmaster: Send address changes to This England, Worldnet Shipping Inc., 156-15, 146th Avenue, 2nd Floor, Jamaica, NY 11434, USA. Subscription records are maintained at This England Publishing Ltd., Stonecroft, 69 Station Road, Redhill, Surrey, RH1 1EY, UNITED KINGDOM. Air Business Ltd is acting as our mailing agent. THIS ENGLAND, Winter, 2017 3