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This England

This England is the quarterly magazine for all who love our green and pleasant land and are unashamedly proud of their English roots. Published since 1968 the magazine has now become one of England’s best loved magazines and has a readership of over 115,000 people from around the world. As well as being popular in England it outsells all other British heritage magazines in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and is sent to readers in every country of the world. Published in Cheltenham, in the heart of picturesque Gloucestershire, the magazine is edited, printed and despatched direct from England. Subscribe today and celebrate all that is best about England and the English way of life.

‘CORNUCOPIA’

‘CORNUCOPIA’ (continued) museum and archive collections being accessible online. The museum will also work with artists, community and school groups on a number of exciting projects. Tim Bryan, Head of Collections at the museum said, “We are delighted by the continuing investment from Arts Council England and the chance to join the National Portfolio which is recognition of the great work undertaken by the team and the quality of our collections and services.” To find out more about the British Motor Museum go to: www.britishmotormuseum. co.uk, or call 01926 641188. Tickets, please! Stars of Steam on Show At the Epping Ongar Railway’s Victorian Weekend earlier this year, visitors were delighted to travel on two very interesting steam locomotives. The 120-year-old Metropolitan Railway E Class 0-4-4T No.1 is the only one of its kind in existence. It was built in 1898 at Neasden, for services on the Baker Street to Vemey Junction line. After electrification of the track it became redundant and was taken over by London Transport as No.44 in 1936. It was eventually retired in May 1963. Rescued by the London Railway Preservation Trust in March 1964, the locomotive was subsequently restored. The other locomotive at the event had just been returned to steam following a 20-year restoration and was operating its first passenger services. The Costumed guides tell the story of life on the open road at the British Motor Museum in Warwickshire. The Metropolitan No.1 locomotive at the Epping Ongar Railway’s Victorian Weekend. British Railways Standard Class 4 tank locomotive, No. 80078, BR 2-6-4T, was used on the London, Tilbury and Southend services between Fenchurch Street and Shoeburyness until the 1960s. Built in Brighton in 1954, it remained in service until June 1966 ending up in a scrapyard in Barry, South Wales. It was rescued by the Southern Steam Trust and returned to steam. It has since undergone a lengthy overhaul and repaint in BR black by Stewart Robinson in his workshops at Swanage, Dorset. SIMON MURDOCH Memorial to Father of English Beekeeping The village of Wootton St. Lawrence lies a few miles away from Basingstoke in Hampshire. In contrast to that rapidly spreading “new” town, Wootton St. Lawrence remains a quiet, rural haven. Its church contains an interesting stainedglass window dedicated to the Reverend Charles Butler, who is known today as “the father of English beekeeping”. Charles Butler was born in 1560 in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire. Despite coming from a poor family, he still managed to obtain a place at Magdalen College, Oxford. Initially admitted as a working student on a scholastic scholarship, he remained there for 10 years studying for a degree in arts. It is likely that he taught there too. In 1587, he graduated from Oxford with his Master of Arts degree and became rector of the Hampshire parish of Nately Scures in 1593. Two years later he was also appointed as Master of the Holy Ghost School in nearby Basingstoke. In 1600, Charles became vicar of Wootton St. Lawrence — a post he retained until his death in 1647. There he became interested in beekeeping and in 1609 he published the first book in the English language on the subject. The Feminine Monarchie: Or a Treatise Concerning Bees and the Due Ordering of Them, covers such subjects as bee hives and swarming, feeding bees and the value of bees as fruit pollinators. Charles Butler popularised the idea that the leading bee in a hive is a queen rather than a king, as had previously been thought. He also found that bees produce wax combs from the scales of wax in their own bodies. After being reprinted in 1623 and 1634, The Feminine Monarchie became the most influential book on beekeeping for the next 250 years. An accomplished musicologist, Charles also wrote The Principels of Music which was published in 1636. He even wrote a madrigal for four voices entitled “The Melissomelos”. In this he transcribed into music the sounds made by rival queen bees in a hive. In 1952, the Charles Butler Memorial Fund was established so that a stained-glass window could be installed in Wootton St. Lawrence Church. At the dedication service, his madrigal was sung by a choir from Worcester and Somerville Colleges. The stained-glass window shows the Reverend Butler holding a copy of his famous book. Just above him is a honeycomb and some bees, while at the bottom of the window are three old-fashioned bee hives. A beautiful piece of work, the window is a fitting tribute to “the father of English beekeeping”. BRYAN WOODS Tale of a Tiger’s Revenge in Wiltshire Acasual look around the graveyard at Hullavington Church might overlook the gravestone with an unusual poem inscribed on it. This relates the strange and unfortunate tale of a Wiltshire barmaid’s fate. Hannah Twynnoy is reputed to be the first person to be killed by a tiger in Britain. She worked in the White Lion pub in Malmesbury (now a private house), although parish documents up until 1700 have Memorial window to the father of English beekeeping in a Hampshire church. 70 THIS ENGLAND, Winter, 2017

no record of anyone with the surname Twynnoy. A menagerie, which included a tiger, was installed at the rear of the pub in 1703 as part of a travelling circus. According to legend, Hannah liked to taunt the tiger but one day it escaped its enclosure and mauled her to death. An unknown patron must have paid for her plot and gravestone; the inscription on it reads: In memory of Hannah Twynnoy Who died October 23rd 1703 Aged 33 years. In bloom of life She’s snatched from hence She had not room to make defence; For Tyger fierce Took life away And here she lies In a bed of clay Until the Resurrection Day. A memorial plaque was probably paid for by the mysterious patron too. It told her fateful story and was lost some time ago. In 2003 a memorial was held on the 300th anniversary of her death when local schoolgirls called Hannah laid flowers on her grave. Poor Hannah is also remembered in the name of Twynnoy Close in Malmesbury. DENE BEBBINGTON Enter an Enchanted Garden this Christmas No matter what your age Christmas is a magical time of year and English Heritage is offering you the chance to experience some real festive enchantment. The gardens at six of its magnificent properties will be superbly illuminated during the A gravestone in a Wiltshire churchyard reveals a tiger’s revenge. Explore the Enchanted Gardens at several English Heritage properties, including Brodsworth Hall, Yorkshire, this Christmas. ©ENGLISH HERITAGE run up to Christmas. Visitors will embark on an enthralling journey wending their way through a wonderland, with trees lit by colourful lanterns, fairy lights twinkling amid foliage and historic houses bathed in dramatic light. Along the way, history will be imaginatively illuminated and after exploring the magically lit gardens, more seasonal enjoyment is in store as the scene is set for a traditional fairground from times past. Mulled wine and mince pies will be on offer and there’s the opportunity to purchase some last-minute gifts. You can discover English Heritage’s Enchanted Gardens at the following properties from Friday 15th to Saturday 23rd December: Osborne, Isle of Wight; Audley End House, Essex; Eltham Place, London; Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire; Brodsworth Hall, Yorkshire. For further information and full details of times, visit the website: www.english-heritage. org.uk . visitor centre, has welcomed people from as far afield as Israel, Hong Kong, Argentina, Switzerland and Puerto Rico since January of this year. Other visitors’ book entries have come from Qatar, Ireland, Norway, Lithuania, Malta, Nepal and Saudi Arabia, while the number of German visitors has this year hit an all-time high. Figures collected by Trustee Andy Simpson show that while UK visitors make up just under three-quarters of the total, overseas travellers are just as keen to see this much-loved tribute to the men of the RAF who came to the defence of the free world in 1940. “It’s remarkable to see where our visitors come from,” said Record numbers of overseas visitors are heading to the Battle of Britain Memorial at Capel-le- Ferne. BATTLE OF BRITAIN MEMORIAL TRUST Andy. “We check the visitors’ book each month and there is inevitably a surprise or two in there. I was astonished when I counted up the number of overseas visitors in the first half of 2017.” The memorial, which celebrates its 25th anniversary next year, is also home to the Christopher Foxley-Norris Memorial Wall, a replica Hurricane and Spitfire and a shop and café. The dramatic Wing visitor centre, built in the shape of a Spitfire wing, houses interactive displays on the Battle that changed history. It was opened in March 2015 by Her Majesty The Queen, accompanied by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh. Full visitor details for the site are available at: www. battleofbritainmemorial.org . Battle of Britain Site has Worldwide Appeal AKent attraction that pays tribute to the heroes of the Battle of Britain was amazed to find its visitors’ book had notched up signatures from nearly 50 countries in just seven months. The Battle of Britain Memorial at Capel-le-Ferne, which includes the iconic Wing THIS ENGLAND, Winter, 2017 71

Phygure® No.7 Issue 04
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