8 months ago



132 The Tent-Shape as

132 The Tent-Shape as Archetype It is almost impossible to give a generally valid, completely intercultural definition of home. The following paragraphs will first develop a typology, dealing with home in the context of protective spaces and sheltered areas. If there is such a thing as the archetypal house, it is the tent, with its combination of mobility and shelter and its many layers that are reminiscent of some kinds of clothing. The tent is an archetype that adapts to the landscape and to those who live in it. Usually, the immediate environment is reflected in its material and in shape, structure, and colors. It can be mentioned when discussing neuroarchitecture because of the combination View of the Rehwiese, Berlin-Nikolassee

HOME 133 Hermann Muthesius, detached house, Berlin-Schlachtensee of mobility and protection. However, unlike dwellings in caves and under rocky ledges, the tent is delicate; it can barely withstand seasonal weather, especially wind. Within a narrow space it unites a community of people who provide one another with mutual warmth, often together with animals that function as a reliable natural heating system of the kind that is also to be found in large farmhouses in the Black Forest, where the cowsheds are located underneath the bedrooms. Protective spaces are spaces that provide a defense against external influences and prove resistant in the event of threats and danger to life and limb. Sheltered areas indicate some kind of covering that can provide shelter only if it is able to divert external forces. In the central and northern European climate zones, constructions with roofs whose shape causes rainwater to run off and can bear the weight of snow and ice have proved especially resistant. In my search for suitably clear images I remembered something from my reading. Early in his 1959 novel The Tin Drum—itself a symbol of internal, physically awakened resonances—Günter Grass evokes primitive huts and