8 months ago



152 Sou Fujimoto,

152 Sou Fujimoto, Children’s Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Hokkaido, Japan (2006)

153 Potentials of Neuroarchitecture Basic Principles of Neuroarchitecture Cognitive abilities enable us to recognize structure and pattern as a whole and understand lifeworlds as memorable spaces. When neuroscientific research began a few years ago, Eric Jensen, John P. Eberhard, Juhani Pallasmaa, and Harry Francis Mallgrave were first able to pick up the thread of an updated theory of perception and Gestalt psychology in order to discuss laws of neural structure formation in the context of architecture. Work is progressing in a current field of neuroarchitecture that refers explicitly to what can be achieved by organic architecture and a rich sensory environment. At the center is the rediscovery of the human body in space and its multisensory needs. Movement in space is also acquiring great significance. Functionalist attitudes to architecture are subjected to fierce criticism, while at the same time the intention is to think up a catalogue of requirements devoted to neuroscientific discoveries and bearing sensory events in mind. One of the primary special interests is private family houses, because here it is obviously possible to install extensive individual multisensory elements, which can then also be discussed in relation to the building of housing projects and multistory apartments. Questions concerning neuroarchitecture often show that their authors have a particular interest in places that will be important as areas where people can linger and gather, in order to make identification at all possible. Current discussion also points to clear connections with ideas of organic living from the 1930s, which surprisingly refer to only a few architects. In the light of the source material, the canon of possible architects and their buildings is restricted to a very small field. I will be making the case for opening up the field, broadening the subject area and giving closer consideration to the use and further specification of spaces in the contexts of different stages of life. As sensory and cognitive skills alter, whether this is due to age or an innate weakness, the requirements for buildings with regard to layout, materials, and equipment change. Through Gestalt theory—whether at the level of questions of perception psychology