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6 Venice, Mouth of the

6 Venice, Mouth of the Grand Canal with Santa Maria della Salute (1687)

7 Foreword Neuroarchitecture combines aspects of neuroscientific research with features of buildings designed to provide people with essential sensory stimulation. Good architecture addresses various different senses. It facilitates and encourages forms of movement. If buildings are constructed following traditional methods, the use of natural materials not only brings to mind forgotten values of architecture and building culture, but is also about rediscovering social values such as community, home, and security, and placing them in the context of livable architecture. This book therefore presents recent architectural opinions concerning people’s wellbeing in the community. The spectrum ranges from detached houses, kindergartens, schools, cultural buildings, and public libraries, through facilities for the elderly, to the housing projects and apartment buildings of the 1950s. With regard to neuroarchitecture, it also shows that the effect of architectural forms has considerable responsibility for people’s mental health, especially in the case of younger and older persons who are particularly in need of protection. If people live in healthy spaces within an environment designed to suit their nature, it has a positive effect on their vital functions. Evidence of how this is reflected in their mental state can be seen at times of stress. This is the starting point of my argument. From the influence of architecture on wellbeing I have derived a catalog of requirements that must be specified on the basis of age group and function. Neuroarchitecture, whose basic outlines are traced here, goes back to debates that were relevant in the 1920s and updates controversies that were sparked off by forms of functionalist architecture and the associated industrial manufacturing techniques. Sometimes, and almost stereotypically, the “organic and natural” is opposed to the “mechanical.” Also, the image of the human being inevitably moves into the center, and this is reflected at various stages of European and American history in differing standards for buildings and their designed environment. Is planning dominated by people’s needs or do functional considerations of drastic rationalization come into play? This is