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Tradewinds December 2016 CC Web Final

December 2016

Medicines And Medical

Medicines And Medical Procedures During The War Between The States (Continued from last month) As soldiers fell unprecedented numbers from both injuries an disease, anesthesia became a specialty. The fi elds of plastic and reconstructive surgery exploded. And doctors developed new ways to treat a surge in nerve injuries and chronic pain, marking the beginning of contemporary neurology. At the same time a visionary surgeon forever altered the fl ow of medical treatment from battlefi eld to hospital. Now, 150 years later, basic principals continue to affect medical care in a wide range of situations, from bombings, to heart attacks in grocery stores. Lincolns war medicine was every bit as barbaric as its made out to be, and surgeons weren’t washing their hands. “but it was a million times more modern than almost anyone thinks, and there are a lot of lessons we can still learn from today”. Medically the states were woefully prepared when the war between the states began in the spring of 1861. nearly 80 years had passed since the end of the American Revolution, the country’s last major war. And the new confl ict was happening on a much bigger scale. Scientist meanwhile, had yet to come up with the theory that germs cause disease. Doctors didn’t know that they should wash there hands before amputating limbs. As soldiers from small towns came together in large groups, they became newly exposed to By: Dr. Dave and Gary Riggs pathogens that their bodies had never encountered before. But there were no antibiotics and antiseptics. Organizations raised money for medical supplies for the army’s and to provide hygienic advice to army soldiers. It set an example for organizations such as the American Red Cross that would follow it in the future. The ambulance corps system was organized during the war between the states by the army’s due to the efforts of the medical director of the army. This resulted in better trained ambulance drivers and provided quicker and better care for wounded soldiers on the battlefi eld. In prior American wars a soldier with any type of substantial wound on the battlefi eld had little of hope of treatment and little chance of survival. Field hospitals were close to the battlefi eld and fi eld dressing stations even closer were created, providing more immediate help for the wounded and therefore a better chance of survival. Comments? E-Mail br549@modernmedianow.com Dr. Dave is an Ivy League Trained Executive Chef and Early American Historian Sons of Confederate Veterans We meet at Vickie’s Villa in Elizabeth City the 4th Tuesday every month at 7pm The Treasure Hunter ont do it itot cecin it me first Milton Sawyer 252-722-6078 Cas yer old iler eelry Coins All of our clients get their own QR code for free when purchasing an ad. ertorhre nte ore The Chowanoke Indians By Duvonya Chavis The Chowanokes were assigned to a reservation along Bennett’s Creek in Gates County and lived there from 1677 until the 1790’s, when the last tract of land was sold to a neighbor. Prior to this sale, the Chowanoke were met with continual colonial encroachment and what started out as 12 square miles of reservation eventually dwindled to 6 square miles. Complaints had been submitted to the NC Council by the Chowanoke Chief and requests for a survey of the reservation had been made in order to establish and protect their boundaries. However, in spite of the several pleas made, a survey was never conducted until the very last parcel of land had been negotiated for sale. This was nearly a 110 years later. Interestingly, about ten years prior to the sale of the fi nal parcel of reservation, a group of Chowanoke Indians had purchased 30 acres of land nearby to live on. This tract of land had been part of the reservation initially and became known as the Indian Town community. One may out of curiosity wonder why land was purchased when there were 400 acres of reservation left. However one could speculate this group may have wanted to brace themselves from the inevitable future. As fate would have it, the reservation was sold. The Chowanoke nation continued to live communally on the land they had purchased for about 40 years, until late 1821. Due to misfortune and unethical proceedings, even the land they had purchased was eventually taken away from them. With that, their communal existence ceased. However, many of the Chowanoke people remained in the community while others moved to nearby communities. 34 Albemarle Tradewinds December 2016 albemarletradewinds.com nte - oecte - rt - ne tem omethn or Eerone on or oa t -- hrch t torc onton ertor th a or more rchae recee a cont on a n tore merchane mt one er ctomer aceoocomherorhreante

Northeast North Carolina Family History – memories… By: Irene Hampton - nencfamilyhistory@gmail.com Writing about a family wedding and then my grandparents’ 100th anniversary last month has had me reminiscing a lot lately. This month I want to wish my Dad who has been on my mind a lot, “Happy Birthday.” As I have written about before, December is the anniversary of both my father’s birth and death. I’m not sure when the picture of him was taken, I’m guessing sometime in the 1920’s when he was in his 20’s. Sad that I don’t know for sure, but as I have also lamented in the past, I don’t know much about my dad. He was born in Rhode Island to French-Canadian parents in the fi rst decade of the 20th century. His father deserted the family sometime when my father was about twelve, so my grandmother took her son and daughter back to Canada. Her father, my grandfather, had worked during the Canadian gold rush in the Klondike and then moved to Edmonton, Alberta. She moved there after her husband left her and raised her children in Alberta. Both her children attended Catholic schools with the intention of taking religious orders. My aunt did become a nun, but my father said he was told he didn’t seem to have the “temperament” to be a priest. He never clarifi ed what that comment meant but my father did have a desire for adventure. He was hired by the Hudson Bay Company to buy furs in the Canadian north. Dad It is paradoxical, yet true, to say, that the more we know, the more ignorant we become in the absolute sense, for it is only through enlightenment that we become conscious of our limitations. Precisely one of the most gratifying results of intellectual evolution is the continuous opening up of new and greater prospects. -- Nikola Tesla always said he “reached his majority” while he was in the north. He talked of staying in igloos while meeting with Eskimos and he took pictures of the land and the people of Baffi n Island. He spoke of some of the people he met, in particular a young Canadian mountie Constable Edgar Millen, who was shot and killed by the man known as “The Mad Trapper.” After completing his work in the Canadian north, he joined the Canadian Parks Service and was assigned to Jasper National Park. I have pictures of him with a baseball team, curling (a sport he loved) and climbing Whistler Mountain in British Columbia. An older man during WWII, he was assigned clerking duties, rather than assignment overseas. Somewhere along the way he ended up transferred to Banff National Park. I’ve mentioned in a past article that my parents met in a bowling alley in Calgary as my father was passing time waiting to catch a bus to Banff. After my parents became engaged, someone sent an anonymous letter to my mother telling her not to marry him. They always thought it was a former girlfriend. Dad was almost 48 at the time and had apparently dated someone who had taken quite a fancy to him but he never talked about it. I’ve always thought he looked like a silent movie star in this picture, so I can understand that. In reality dad rarely talked about his life before he was married. My parents raised four children, the youngest born just before my father turned 58. At 65 he had to retire from government service. He had accumulated over two years of vacation time which he never took or was reimbursed for. He knew of land deals happening in the park and could have profi ted from that knowledge but never did. He was as quiet and honest as a man can be. With young children still at home after his fi rst retirement he found employment at what was then the Banff Springs Hotel. He began in their accounting offi ce but as his eyesight worsened he was moved to security which he worked until he was 80. We drove from California to visit with my parents in the fall of 1985 and a few weeks later, the day before his birthday, my father had a heart attack while Christmas shopping with my mother in Calgary. A few hours later he was gone. And with him, so much information I thought I’d ask about someday. Please take the time to talk with your family this holiday season and perhaps spare a lifetime of regrets. Best Breakfest in the area! ....Served anytime! Pancake & Steakhouse 335-4700 Take-out orders welcome! 913 W Ehringhaus St Elizabeth City Irene Hampton earned cerrtifi cate in Genealogy from Brigham Young University and worked as the Genealogical/Local history Researcher for the Pasquotank-Camden Library for over 12 years. She has also abstracted and published “Widow’s Years Provisions, 1881-1899, Pasquotank County, North Carolina”; “1840 Currituck, North Carolina Federal Census” and “Record of Marriages, Book A (1851-1867) Currituck County, North Carolina”. You may contact her at nencfamilyhistory@gmail.com. HALSTEAD @ GAATS, You Relax, We do the Tax EL CINOCA MCCARTHUR EHRINGHAUS MALL 1502 Ehringhaus St. Bookkeeping, Payroll Services Income Tax, IFTA, etc. Free ITIN # w/paid Tax Return “LIBRE ITIN” 10% DIScouNT GAATS, LLC Godwin and Associates Tax Service, LLC TAX SERVICE 252-331-5859 Did you know the Albemarle Tradewinds is located in more than 250 locations in NENC and Chesapeake? Owner A . E S G A T facebook.com/AlbemarleTradingPost Albemarle Tradewinds December 2016 35