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Albemarle Tradewinds October 2016 Final

October 2016

Medicines And Medical

Medicines And Medical Procedures During The War Between The States (Continued from last month) By: Dr. Dave and Gary Riggs On September 17, 1862, the Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietum) left 2,108 Yankee soldiers dead and nearly 10,000 wounded. Doctors and strategists established caravans of so ambulances, each with a trained driver and two trained stretcher bearers, to ferry the injured to the field hospitals. They hired private wagons to carry medical supplies to circumvent enemy damage to railroad lines. They even introduced spring suspensions to ambulances and added a lock box under the driver’s seat to make it harder for soldiers to steal protein, bed sacks, and Morphine reserved for the wounded (Just as today the Yankees will steal anything that isn’t nailed down) and the rest is history. This system called for triage near the battlefield followed by ambulance care to a field hospital, a regular hospital, and then post operative care (if they survived infection and disease) this type of diagnosis is still in effect in military and modern society today. Specialization- the large number of wounded from Lincoln’s War created a need in medicine. That need was prosthetics and the new field of plastic surgery. After the war, these two fields had huge advances in usability and availability. What once was for soldiers was now used in the general population. Ambulances (much like sports) spread after the war of northern aggression when procedures were brought home, the use of ambulances did the same albeit with horses and wagons, stretcher bearers and ambulances have not changed much since. Embalming- while many soldiers were buried where they died, many others requested to be sent back home. To do so new methods for embalming involved to make sure the body could make the journey home. Standardization of supplies and training- by 1863, every doctor had to take an exam, do an apprenticeship, and receive a standard set of supplies including a kit that included all the tools needed to amputate and perform a variety of tasks. In addition, each doctor received barrels (kegs) for storing water for sanitary purposes. Knowledge- by doing a large number of surgeries, doctors gained a lot of experience not only in dealing with war wounds, but also in their knowledge about the human body mainly the vertebrae, spine, and head. Part 6 Next Month The role of women- while men were needed in battle, women filled the need for bodies in the hospitals. It is estimated that 3200 women served as nurses. They risked their lives leaving home to work in the cesspools of infection. They lived separately from the soldiers and only made twelve dollars a month at the most, and in some areas volunteering where money was scarce. While many women and nurses today their service in the war began their integration into the work force over the next one hundred years. But in medicine, women nurses soon became commonplace. The nation’s veterans hospitals of today are experiencing a surge of patients returning home form military service in need of prosthetics or orthotics. Although the magnitude of their injuries is heartbreaking, it is also inspiring to see how far modern prosthetics technology has come in its ability to restore mobility, dignity, and hope. Many of the prosthetic technologies helping today’s combat veterans owe their existence to innovations and programs dating back to this tumultuous period of the 1860’s history, although designers were producing artificial body parts as early as the 1500’s, the field did not advance significantly until the spike in demand in the 1860’s. the key drivers of progress: deadlier bullets and government money. Then as now, advances in weaponry fueled advances in medical technology. The introduction of the mini ball, one of the first practical rifle bullets, was a trans formative event in the history of prosthetics. The mini ball was made of a soft lead with a hollow base that expanded when fired. Upon impact, the bullet caused large, irregular and slow healing wounds. Most physicians of the era were woefully inexperienced in surgery and were no match for the devastating injuries that these powerful new weapons inflicted. With some 70% of uncivil war wounds affecting the limbs, amputation quickly became the treatment of choice in battle field surgery. A primary amputation was easier, faster and with a mortality rate of only 28%- safer than other treatment options. More than 30,000 Yankee soldiers and 40,000 Confederate soldiers lost limbs between 1861-1865. Sons of Confederate Veterans We meet at Vickie’s Villa in Elizabeth City the 4th Tuesday every month at 7pm Standard 192 pages of 70lb/114g paper. Hand stitched into the spine of the journal cover with waxed nylon thread. Other available sizes are 4.25 x 5, 8.5 X 11, and 8.5 x 14. Sizes vary the price. The one pictured is 8.5x14 and $70 All orders are made at the time they are ordered, please allow 1-3 weeks for completion and delivery. Made Locally in Elizabeth City geraldtrotman@gmail.com Dr. Dave is an Ivy League Trained Executive Chef and Early American Historian 44 Albemarle Tradewinds October 2016 albemarletradewinds.com

Preparing for the storm - Extra Stuff..... Last month, I touched on some experiences we had losing electricity during a storm. This month, I would like to cover a few more things. We had a storm 20 or so years ago that taught me some lessons. We lived in an old house that was not sealed that well. Had leaky windows and doors, little insulation, you get the idea. A couple hours into the storm the power went out. Living in the middle of nowhere it gets dark. I mean dark. This was before we had a UPS that kept the lights going. We knew where the flashlight was and had fresh batteries in it. But still fumbled around just trying to get across the house. Lesson learned. Keep flashlights in strategic places and easily reachable. Nowadays, the magnetic LED lights are the way to go. Stick them to something metallic and you are ready. A little bit of advice, though. Get some good flashlights and batteries. The dollar store stuff does not cut it. Go on Ebay or Lowes and buy some decent lights and you will be happier. We like the multi-LED lights (6-8 LEDs) that use AA batteries. During a recent power outage, we turned one on and the amount of light that it puts out is amazing. It kept running over 6 hours, still going strong. The other thing that we noticed is that it got cold - real fast. We had a heat pump and when it quit, it became cold within a few minutes. I broke out the portable propane heater and closed a couple doors. It kept things comfortable for the duration of the outage. One word of caution. If you use a portable propane or Kerosene heater make sure you have adequate ventilation. Crack open a couple windows to let some air circulate. Propane heaters give off carbon monoxide, and Kerosene heaters consume oxygen. Either way, don’t die from asphyxiation. We have all heard stories about this happening, so don’t be a statistic. By: Delbert Grady Need to protect your property? Call the Elizabeth City Police Department and find out about Anti-Theft Micro Dots and High Security Labels. Contact Officer Latoya Flanigan at 252-335-4321 Ext. 284 Next Evolution Wrestling by Tracy Anderson Fall, when the nights get longer and the air turns chilly. When mysterious things go bump in the night. Tricks? Treats? What is in store for Feast of Fears II? A little of both it would seem! Last year, at Feast of Fears I, The evening ended in an epic clash between Beau Crockett and Damien Wayne in a trick-or-treat match. Weapons and fists were the only treats that were served in the ring that night. What is in store this year? There have been rumblings of new teams, fighting and pushing their way into the company. Words are being thrown around; respect, beat down, attitudes, savage and force. These are the whispers that can be heard down the halls and back rooms of NEW. Who are these teams whose goal is seems, is to wreak havoc at Feast of Fears? What will happen once they step into the ring? Who do they have in their sights? So many questions, and only one night to find the answers! Saturday night, October 29th, Elizabeth City National Guard Armory. Join us for an action packed night. Professional wrestling, a costume contest for the kids, goody bags, and much more. Wear a costume, and get $2 off at the door. Doors open at 6:30 PM and Bell time is at 7:30 PM. Feast of Fears II, sponsored by Elizabeth City Pawn & Gun, starting their Christmas Layaway. Stop by and thank them for being a great sponsor. My always all natural soap has cinnamon in it, acting as a nice and light scrub. The soap is soft and mild and creamy. $4 per bar lily.paige.w@gmail.com Throwback Trivia~ Who did Randy “Macho Man” Savage defeat in the finals of the 1987 King of the Ring tournament? (Answer in next months article) facebook.com/AlbemarleTradingPost Albemarle Tradewinds October 2016 45