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Albemarle Tradewinds September 2016 Web Final

September 2016

Medicines And Medical

Medicines And Medical Procedures During The War Between The States By: Dr. Dave and Gary Riggs (Continued from last month) In the early part of the war a lowly young assistant surgeon, was shuttled to the sidelines with medical grunt work: changing bandages, suturing wounds, and grabbing grub for the doctors. But when the surgeons decided there was no point in treating chest wounds, doctors experimented with a new life saving procedure. At the outset of the war, a sucking chest wound was almost certainly a death sentence. Among French soldiers shot in the chest during the Crimean War ( 1853-1856) only eight percent survived. The problem, as doctors came to realize, wasn’t the wound itself, but the sucking. The negative pressure in the thorax was created by the opening in the chest cavity. The effect often caused the lungs to collapse, leading to suffocation. The doctor found that if he closed the wound with metal sutures, followed by alternating layers of lint or linen bandages and a few drops of collodion ( a syrupy solution that forms an adhesive film when it dries), he could create an air tight seal. Survival rates quadrupled, and the doctors innovation soon became standard treatment. The Plastic Surgery Revolution Burgan a 20 year old private had survived pneumonia, but the mercury pills he took as a treatment led to gangrene, which quickly spread from his mouth to his eye and led to the removal of his right cheekbone. He was willing to try anything, in a pioneering series of operations in 1862, a surgeon used dental and facial fixtures to fill in the missing bone until Burgan’s face regained its shape. The doctor now considered the father of modern plastic surgery, during the war, he and other surgeons completed 32 revolutionary “plastic operations” on disfigured soldiers. These doctors were the first to photograph the progress of the repairs and the first to make gradual changes over several operations. They also pioneered the use of tiny sutures to minimize scarring. To some it seemed pretty wacky, like Sci-Fi for the 19th Century. A newspaper enthusiastically and erroneously described the new treatments. “such is the progress of the medical department in these parts that half of a man’s face demolished by a mini ball or a piece of shell is replaced by a cork face”. The Yankees went into the first battle of Manassas (Bull Run) on July 21, 1862 arrogant and as cocky as a strutting rooster expecting a mere skirmish. The confederates overwhelmingly won the battle that day making the uppity Yankees skedaddle all the way back to their capital with their tail between their legs throwing away everything as they ran. Although 1,011 Yankee soldiers were wounded, empty ambulances led the retreat. Ambulances led the retreat. Most of the civilians drivers at the time were untrained and “of the lowest character”, according to a Yankee activist whose son died after lying wounded for hours on the battlefield, while his fellow soldiers ran away scared, passing everything and everybody selfishly thinking only of saving their own skins as the Yankee activist commented most of theme were cowards and drunkards. It took the medical director of the army 26 weeks to implement a system to evacuate and care for the wounded, becoming a model for the ambulances to ER system we know today. Dr. Dave is an Ivy League Trained Executive Chef and Early American Historian Part 5 Next Month Sons of Confederate Veterans We meet at Vickie’s Villa in Elizabeth City the 4th Tuesday every month at 7pm 36 Albemarle Tradewinds September 2016 albemarletradewinds.com

Preparing for the storm - Extra Stuff..... By: Delbert Grady While writing this we are having a storm! As I wrote in the last couple articles it pays to be prepared because things can sneak up on you. So far, we have covered storing some food and ways of cooking without power, but what about emergency needs? We live in a place that has one way in and out. When the road floods you are stuck until the water goes down enough to drive through. During one storm a few years back (in another house) my generator quit. We had lost power and my battery banks were getting low so I cranked up the generator. A few hours later the battery backup started beeping. There was three and a half feet of water in the yard, so I put on my waders and walked around back to find what happened. On the way, several snakes swam around me. Not a good feeling. Later, I thought what would happen if a snake bit me? The fire department could not make it for quite some time. (BTW the generator had a big hole in the side. It had oil so I never knew what happened. Luckily, we had a spare). More on generators another day. The next week we started gathering stuff in case emergency personnel couldn’t make it. One of the first things was a couple fire extinguishers. It never hurts to have them anyway. We found a first aid book (Amazon) and put it in a waterproof box with a first aid kit (Amazon) in the garage where everyone knew where it was. We gathered a couple pieces of plywood and a few tarps in case a window got broke or something happened to the roof. Also, some duct tape and bungee cords. I have a ham license and would recommend getting one to anybody. Contact your local ham club and they will help you. Buy a hand held transceiver (they are inexpensive). We all have experienced cell phone outages at one time or another so get a ham radio in case. And of course, you have to keep the kids entertained. A couple board games (Monopoly!) and a deck of cards can pass the time if the electronics are out. You can get those at a thrift store or flea market cheap. We gathered more stuff but you get the idea. Everybody has different needs so give some thought on what you would need if there were no help available. Until next month, stay safe. Arts of the Albemarle Photo Club Many people associate Arts of the Albemarle with painting, jewelry and woodworking. The organization also has had a Photo Club under its umbrella for more than 10 years. On Sunday, Sept. 25, Karl Bowden will lead the group to various spots in southern Camden County near Camden Point. This is a great opportunity to grab your camera and see some of the hidden gems in Camden County. The trip is open to the general public as well as club members. People wishing to participate should meet at the side parking lot (facing the gas station) of Camden County High School at 10 am. The club meets on the first and third Thursdays of the month at the Center, 516 E. Main St. Each month there is an assigned subject that the members focus on. After the images are submitted, they are judged by the club members. In addition, the club has had a project called the Ink Blot project going on quarterly for the past few years. Members look at a photo and see what it reminds them of and then submit their own photo for judging by the other members. For further information about the trip or club, contact Bowden at aoaphotoclubec@gmail.com. The club’s website is www.aoaphotoclub. wordpress.com. Jane Elfring is a local freelance writer for My Outer Banks Home and other local publications and a ghostwriter for LifebookUK. A retired teacher and journalist, she is involved in a number of local civic organizations. facebook.com/AlbemarleTradingPost Albemarle Tradewinds September 2016 37