11 months ago

Albemarle Tradewinds August 2016 Web Final

August 2016

Medicines And Medical

Medicines And Medical Procedures During The War Between The States By: Dr. Dave and Gary Riggs (Continued from last month) Under encouragement of triage organizations that are still used today, field hospitals separated wounded soldiers into three categories: mortally wounded, slightly wounded, and surgical cases. Most of the amputations performed at field hospitals were indeed horrible scenes, but the surgery itself was not as crude as popular memory makes it out to have been. Anesthetics were readily available to surgeons, who administered chloroform or ether to patients before the procedure. Though gruesome, amputation was a life saving procedure that swiftly halted the devastating effects of wounds from mini balls ( which by the way, not many “bit” to fight the pain-the chloroform usually did the trick). In field hospitals and pavilion style hospitals, thousands of physicians received experience and training. As doctors and nurses became widely familiar with prevention and treatment of infectious disease, anesthetics, and the best surgical practices, medicine was catapulted into the modern era of quality care. Organized relief agencies like the 1861 sanitary commission dovetailed doctors efforts to save wounded and ill soldiers and set the pattern for future organizations like the American Red Cross, founded in 1881. Death from wounds and disease was an additional burden of the war that took a toll on the hearts, minds, and bodies of all Americans, but it also sped up the progression of medicine and influenced practices the army and medical practitioners still use today. While the union certainly had the advantage of better medical supplies and man power, both Confederates and Yankees attempted to combat illness and improve medical care for there soldiers during the war. Many of Americas modern medical accomplishments have there roots in the legacy of Americas defining war. The old battlefield technique of trying to save limbs with doses of TLC (aided by wound cleaning rats and maggots) quickly fell out of favor during the uncivil war, even for top officers. The sheer number of injured was too high, and war surgeons quickly discovered that the best way to stave deadly infections was simply to lop off the area quickly. Amputations saved more lives than any other wartime medical procedure by instantly turning complex injuries into simple ones. Battlefield surgeons eventually took no more than six minutes to get each moaning man on the table, apply a handkerchief soaked in chloroform or ether, and make the deep cut. Confederate and Yankee surgeons became the most skilled limb hackers in history. Even in deplorable conditions, they lost only about 25 percent among similarly injured civilians at the time. The techniques invented by wartime surgeons including cutting as far from the heart as possible and never slicing through joints, became the standard. The Confederate army had a tough time securing enough anesthesia because of the Yankee costal blockade ( named the Anaconoa Plan). The standard method of soaking a handkerchief with chloroform wasted the liquid as it evaporated. Doctors solved the dilemma by inventing a 2.5 inch inhaler, the first of its type. Chloroform was dripped through a perforated circle on the side onto a sponge in the interior; as the patient inhaled through tubes, the vapors mixed with air. This new method required only one eighth of an ounce of chloroform compared to the old two ounce dose. So while Yankee surgeons knocked out there patients 80,000 times during the war Confederates treated nearly as many with a fraction of the supplies. Part 4 Next Month Dr. Dave is an Ivy League Trained Executive Chef and Early American Historian Sons of Confederate Veterans We meet at Vickie’s Villa in Elizabeth City the 4th Tuesday every month at 7pm 36 Albemarle Tradewinds August 2016

Preparing for the storm - Cooking with no electricity. One of the things that really worked out well whenever we have lost electricity is cooking with a small gas stove. This sounds really basic but I have had neighbors that were eating cold sandwiches for days because they did not prepare. It is not very expensive to have an extra propane tank on hand. One for the grill and / or heat and the other for cooking. We have a BBQ Grill that we purchased 15 years ago and we have taken good care of it. The only problem is that it does not have a side burner like the new ones. I did some research and found a two burner propane stove for about $50 that does the job. My wife even uses it on occasion for frying fish outside to keep the house from getting that fish smell. By: Delbert Grady Propane Stove We keep it outside and under a cover just in case we need it. It has made life easy on more than a couple occasions. Something we also have is a small butane stove. If you live in a big city these can be found in the oriental grocery stores and sometimes in a hardware store. These things really work well. The only problem is that they use a can of butane for fuel. I order mine from Ebay or Amazon and store them in the closet. Just don’t wait until the last minute to get fuel. It is surprising how much you can cook on one of these things. Ours even came with a hard plastic carrying case. The whole thing is smaller and lighter than most laptop computers. Don’t forget when you know a storm is coming have plenty of gas for the generator and propane ready to go. It only takes a few minutes to get ready. The ability to heat up a can of corn, beans, or soup can really make things seem normal. Oh, and don’t forget a manual can opener. Butane Stove Encore Theater Company will hold auditions for its fall production, Running Mates, Aug. 7 and 14, 4-7 pm; and Aug 8 and 15, 6-8 pm at the Encore building, 1176 US 17 South. The light comedy about a local election features three male and three female parts, ages 20 and up. Encore stages productions at the Maguire Theater at Arts of the Albemarle Center, 516 E. Main St., three times a year. Production dates for Running Mates are Oct. 14- 15, and 20-22. Founded in 1992, Encore is an all-volunteer nonprofit 501 (c) (3) and offers two college scholarships to qualified applicants. Monthly meetings are held the second Tuesday of the month at 6 pm in the club building. For further information, contact Jane Elfring, jelfri@bellatlantic. net or Mary Cherry, marycherry@, Jane Elfring is a local freelance writer for My Outer Banks Home and other local publications and a ghostwriter for LifebookUK. A retired teacher and journalist, she is involved in a number of local civic organizations. Albemarle Tradewinds August 2016 37