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Albemarle Tradewinds July 2016 Web Final Optimized

July 2016

Medicines And Medical

Medicines And Medical Procedures During The War Between The States (Continued from last month) By: Dr. Dave and Gary Riggs On many tours of these improvised hospitals, a great American poet and Civil War nurse noted in his memoir and during the war the disorderly death and waste of early uncivil war medicine. At a camp hospital in 1862, it was seen “a heap of amputated feet, legs, arms, hands, etc. a full load for a one horse cart”. And “several” dead bodies lying near of the hospital, which was a brick mansion before the battle of Fredericksburg changed its use. “It was quite crowded upstairs and down, everything impromptu, no system, all bad enough but I have no doubt the best that can be done; all the wounds pretty bad, some frightful, the men in their old clothes unclean and bloody”. Of the division hospitals, it was noted that these were “merely tents, and sometimes very poor ones, the wounded lying on the ground, lucky if their blankets are spread on layers of pine or hemlock twigs or small leaves”. However, the heavy and constant demands of the sick and wounded sped up the technological progression of medicine, wrenching American medical practices into the light of modernity. Field and pavilion hospitals replaced makeshift ones and efficient hospitalization systems encouraged the accumulation of medical records and reports, which slowed bad practices as accessible knowledge spread the use of beneficial treatments. Several key figures played a role in the progression of medicine at this time. A medical director brought “order and efficiency in to the medical service” with a regulated ambulance system and evacuation plans for the wounded, a standardized, organized and designed new hospital layout and inspection system and literally wrote the book on hygiene for the army. Clara Barton, well known humanitarian and founder of the America Red Cross, brought professional efficiency to soldiers in the field, especially at the battle of Sharpsburg (Yankee name Antietam) in September of 1862 when she delivered much needed medical supplies and administered relief and care for the wounded, disease and illness took a heavy toll on soldiers, but as these historic characters show, every effort was made to prevent death caused by human error and ignorance through the development of organized and more advanced practices. The sheer quantity of those who suffered from disease and severe wounds during Lincoln’s war forced the army and medical practitioners to develop new therapies, technologies and practices to combat death thanks to the design of clean, well ventilated and large pavilion style hospitals. Suffering soldiers received care that was efficient and sanitary. In the later years of the war, these hospitals had a previously unheard of 8% mortality rate for their patients. Through the mortality rate was higher for soldiers wounded on the battlefield, field dressing stations and field hospitals administered care in increasingly advanced ways. Once a soldier was wounded medical personnel on the battlefield bandaged the soldier as fast as they could, and gave him whiskey (to ease the shock) and morphine, if necessary, for pain. If his wounds demanded more attention, he was evacuated via ambulance and stretcher system to a nearby field hospital. Part 3 Next Month Dr. Dave is an Ivy League Trained Executive Chef and Early American Historian Sons of Confederate Veterans We meet at Vickie’s Villa in Elizabeth City the 4th Tuesday every month at 7pm 36 Albemarle Tradewinds July 2016

Be ready for the storm By: Delbert Grady Re-Using a Soda Bottle There are lots of remote places in Eastern North Carolina. My wife and I consider ourselves lucky to have found a place with few neighbors with lots of woods and wildlife surrounding us. We prefer to live a simple life away from the city. Many people dream of having a home in the country. Of course, it is not that easy. Living 40 minutes from the grocery store is one inconvenience. You have to plan your trips. We discovered that having one way in and out of our little community has its drawbacks. Although we live on high ground, the only road goes through miles of lowland. On several occasions during a hard rain or hurricane, we were on our own for a few days. Hurricane Isabel had us without electricity for 3 weeks. We were prepared with a small generator and plenty of fuel and made it through without losing any food in the freezer. We even had satellite TV! Being a little prepared can make all the difference in your comfort level when you have no power. I will present an article each month documenting our experiences and what we did to make it through when we had no power. You don’t have to be a all-out prepper, a little common sense goes a long way. This month I will show what we did to preserve some food using 2 and 3-liter soda bottles. Take a razor knife, sharp knife or sizzors, cut the top off of a empty plastic soda bottle (carefully). We tried food grade 5-gallon buckets but found that when you open them you have a lot of something to consume. I got on the the Internet and found a person using 2 and 3-liter soda bottles for storing food, so we tried that. We consume rice, pasta, beans, etc, and these containers work great for storage. We purchased a 20 lb pound bag of rice to store. First, collect some 2-3 liter soda bottles. Clear grape juice containers work and they have wider mouths for larger stuff like pasta and beans. Don’t be tempted to use milk jugs, they don’t seal good enough. Wash the containers. Some use a teaspoon of bleach with some water and slosh it around to make sure it is sterile. After washing let it air dry with the cap off. It has to be dry! One way to tell is to put the cap on and set in the sun for a few minutes, if you see condensation in the bottle, take the cap off and let it dry some more. Get a small funnel to help you get the food into the bottle. If you do not have a funnel - make one! Look at the column on the right for directions. Go on Ebay and buy a few oxygen absorbers. They are about 10 bucks for 100 absorbers (today’s price). I put an absorber in the bottom of the bottle and start pouring in the food using the funnel. When it gets to the top tap on the bottle to help it settle some. I keep on adding and tapping until it won’t take any more and is an inch from the top. We add another O2 absorber in the top and fill the rest of the way and put the cap on. That’s it. One thing I do is put the full bottle into the freezer for a week or so to kill any rice bugs or weevils that may have been in there. Never had a problem with them, just to be sure. We did this in 2009 and the other day we decided to rotate some rice from storage and it tasted as good as rice from the store. This is one of the cheap things you can do to store some food. Keep it in a closet or pantry at a moderate temperature and dryness. Pack in bottles, put it up and forget it. Don’t forget to take a magic marker and label the date on the bottle. Comments? E-Mail Use the top as a funnel Use the bottom as a measuring cup, seed starter for the garden, or keep it in the car as an emergency water bowl for the dog. Be creative! Did you know the Albemarle Tradewinds is located in more than 200 locations in NENC and Chesapeake? Albemarle Tradewinds July 2016 37