6 months ago


November 2015

A History of Slavery in

A History of Slavery in My Family- The Parks and the Arnolds of Newnan, Georgia- Part I© by Wanda E. Hunt McLean My family suspects that as a slave Henry was never treated as badly as the other slaves, and his white father kept him in the house as a house boy. On the 1850 census for slave owners in Coweta County there are four people with the surname Parks listed as a slave owner, but John Ira is not one of them. He is listed on the 1860 Slave Schedule as owning 3 slaves. John Ira’s half brothers and sisters and his father’s second wife are listed on the 1850 and 1860 slave schedule as slave owners. On an indenture dated 1853 by John Ira Parks, he pays a debt off with two of his slaves willed to him by his father, Henry’s mother Becky and his brother Burwell, but not Henry. John Ira kept his Mulatto son. Henry had other brothers and sisters he often spoke of; Andrew, Mose, Charlie, Miranda (Manda) and Ellen. Even though Rebecca was sold off along with one of her sons, she and Mose, age 9, are listed on the Newnan, Coweta County 1870 Census, which could very well mean that she and her son were sold off to a plantation nearby. On the 1880 Census Miranda is living with her brother Henry and wife Mary. The family knows for a fact that Mose moved to Chattanooga, Tennessee. Henry lost contact with many of his siblings when they moved away because none of them could read or write. When the Civil War broke out John Ira Parks gave Henry the opportunity to join the Confederates, but Henry opted to stay in Newnan. Following the end of the war John Ira gave Henry a horse and a plow and gave him permission to stay on the plantation, which he did for 15 years. By the time he was married with a newborn, he and his wife Mary moved seven miles into deep country, perhaps Senoia in Coweta County. Henry died on March 18, 1937 in Atlanta, Georgia. He is buried in the family church courtyard in a small area outside of Newnan called Ebenezer. At the time of his death my mother and her three sisters, 3 of them living today, ranged in ages 5 to 13 and they remember Henry very well. Part II – Mary Arnold Parks© Henry Harrison Parks married Mary Molly Arnold on February 6, 1879 in Newnan, Georgia. (Marriage Certificate) Mary was born ca. 1847, 51, 53 in Newnan and died October 19, 1957. According the US Census for Newnan and Atlanta, Mary was 106, 109, or 110 years old when she died. Her death certificate signed by her youngest daughter has her age at 104. All three of her daughters were famous for putting back the age of family members, especially that of Mary’s. Her youngest child, my maternal grandfather, said that she was 109 years old when she died. I remember Mary very well when I was young and I have pictures with her. I vaguely recall her funeral, but I was there. My mother who was one of her 5 granddaughters said that Mary was very fond of her grandchildren, and just as fond of the few great-grandchildren she had the opportunity to spend time with before she died. Mary’s mother was Hurley Martin, a slave belonging to Hugh Arnold of Newnan. He was Mary’s white father. Hurley Martin was believed to be ½ African and ½ American Indian. Decades prior to computers this side of my white family was traced back to my 4th great grandparents, John Arnold and Mary Pettis. John was a Revolutionary soldier. On the 1910 US Census Mary’s occupation is listed as a nurse. She was also known as a great cook, a mid-wife, and a root doctor. She had remarkable curative powers. My grandfather said that she cured a man of syphilis and another person of yellow jaundice, and that she acquired this knowledge and gift of healing from an uncle on Hurley’s side of the family. This uncle was born in Africa and also lived in Newnan. He is listed on an 1870 US Census as 70 years of age, and place of birth on the census is listed as Africa. This ancient uncle in my family tree from Africa held the knowledge and power to heal people of physical or mental illness, or the opposite known as ‘working roots’ or performing ‘black magic’. Part III will go more in depth about Mary’s run-in with the law and her African uncle’s funeral in Newnan. Halstead @ GAATS, You Relax, We do the Tax el CinoCa eHringHaus MCCartHur Mall 1502 Ehringhaus St. Bookkeeping, Payroll Services Income Tax, IFTA, etc. Free ITIN # w/paid Tax Return “LIBRE ITIN” 10% DIScouNT GAATS, LLC Godwin and Associates Tax Service, LLC TAX SERVICE Elizabeth City Pasquotank County The Elizabeth City-Pasquotank County Senior Center “Serving the Young at Heart, Adults 55 or Older” The Senior Center offers a wide variety of exciting programs, trips and activities for the senior citizens of Elizabeth City and Pasquotank County. We strive to create a “family” atmosphere that promotes social, mental, physical and emotional overall well-being. Lauren Turner Senior Center Coordinator 252-331-5859 Senior Center Phone: (252)337-6661 or (252)337-6662 22 Albemarle Tradewinds November 2015

Although we are now in the General Firearms season here in North Carolina many of us continue to hunt with our bows throughout the season. If so, remember to follow the rules concerning the wearing of international orange while in the field. In order to hunt today we have to have passed an approved hunter safety program, but how many of us have considered taking a bowhunter safety program? The International Bowhunter Education Program (IBEP) course is offered in all 50 states and numerous foreign countries. In states where the class is not mandatory prior to obtaining a bowhunting license, the availability may be limited or the classes may fill up quickly. Currently the course is mandatory in 11 states and in many other special circumstances in states where it is not mandatory (e.g. urban bowhunts, special use areas, federal lands). The course offers many benefits such as up to date safety information, distance estimation, shot placement, survival information and much more. All of which will make you a more successful bowhunter. The IBEP is the source of the curriculum for the safety program and the course is administered by instructors of the National Bowhunter Education Foundation. The NCBA has certified program instructors for this program. If you haven’t taken a course consider doing so. This program goes into much more detail than the time allotted in the regular hunter safety program but by no means does it take precedence over the regular safety program required by the state, it is an additional certification. The couse goes a little more in depth on the importance of shot placement, posing many shoot-don’t shoot scenarios. More time is spent on tree-stand safety and the dangers of not using your safety harness. Please contact the NCBA on our website to find out about courses and instructors. Until next month, keep your broadheads sharp and your aim true. Talmage Dunn, District 1 Wildlife Representative, NCBA Join our online yard sale. Post your items to sell. Over 7500 Members! Albemarle Tradewinds November 2015 23