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Web Final Oct 2015

October 2015

Wall Cabinets, Back

Wall Cabinets, Back Countertop with Cabintets, Hostess Station and Register Station w/ dropbox safe. The Forgotten American ( Jamestown, Indentured Servitude and a notion of self-governance) by Terrance Mann Just five human lifetimes ago three ships appeared on the James River off the coast of what would become the state of Virginia. The ship’s cargo was 100 passengers who would find starvation, disease and War with Indians, but no class system as they lived under in England. ( or so they thought). These privations would not stop future colonists from coming as the class structure in Europe would not tolerate upward mobility. Land ownership was “not on the table” in Europe accept for the Aristocracy. Conversely, land ownership in the “New World” was open to anyone who could survive the voyage. The Virginia Company established the system of governance and commerce. The Virginia Company was, of course, a private corporation complete with soldiers for hire. Also, it’s worth noting sixty-five percent of the ship’s manifest considered themselves “Gentleman.” As the other colonists discovered, it’s hard to get labor out of a someone who considers himself a “European Gentleman.” The Virginia Company extended the “ rights of Englishman” to all white males regardless of the country of origin. These rights hard won over several decades in England. The result of decades of fighting produced a document called the Magna Carta. These “Rights” automatically extended to white males as the Royalty of England considered that rising middle-class had won them. Individuals rights were recognized not economic rights. While the Magna Carta was a seminal moment in European history, the European Class structure remained unchanged. Of course, the English class structure extended to the Jamestown colony as the goal the Virginia Company was to recreate the feudal system with English individual rights. Many of the tradesman and soldiers for hire found themselves in the same master/slave relationship their great-great-great grandfathers enjoyed in the 11th century. Rights are important, but without economic mobility where are you? Captain John Smith took command of the triangle shaped palisade called Jamestown in 1607. The rule was “if you don’t work, you don’t eat.” Everyone’s labor and efforts placed into the figurative communal pile. While the rule seemed to work on paper, it’s actual practice required enforcement and who better to enforce the communal pile than the more than sixty-five percent of the “Gentleman” on the ship’s manifest. Everyone else could just live “their menial lives with their happy little crafts and trades” as Marcus Aurelius once stated. The 16th Emperor of Rome once “stoically” wrote this phase as “the blood” tribute paid to Rome allowed him the leisure to become a “philosopher king.” The first permanent settlement in the New World practiced communism in its purest form. But, wait, not so fast, how can 65% of the colony’s population play gentleman games and gamble all day while the rest of the colonist built huts, garden, stood guard duty? The lower “cast” were allowed to use their leisure time hunting or fishing to save off starvation. This experiment with communism couldn’t last as an economic model. The Colony leadership and Crown decided to give a land grant of 4 acres to all who could make the voyage. Many came as a result of the promise to own their land. Several ship’s manifest and local diaries documented half-starved British Subjects walking into Jamestown from the pier looking like nothing more than a skeleton, but they came on the promise of land. Many twisted historians like Howard Zinn argued communal living learned by Native Americans created America but actually what created America was land speculation and crop production. Of course, any objective historical narrative would never diminish the role of native peoples and their interactions with the Colonist. The Colonist survived through several winters with the help of Native peoples. Still, the facts indicate the colony didn’t get launched until many hands begin to duplicate themselves in many places at once with the creation of crop production and exports. No longer was the Colony dependent on the Mother Country for resupply. A point the left-leaning historians often leave out of the historic narrative as such an economic point might make one feel good about America, and most academics desire a more dependent and depressed post-modern mindset. Land Speculation as an economic engine seemed to be all but erased from the historical record of America’s beginning just like it’s founding Religion. A Dutch ship harbored at Jamestown in 1619. While many ships came in and out of Jamestown by this time, this ship had a special cargo that would begin to change the course of history in the New World. The ship’s cargo was 20 Africans whose status could not be determined until the ship’s Captian made it known they had been Christianized while in transport. The standard for slavery in Europe and the New World was not race but religion. Continued Next Page 30 Albemarle Tradewinds October 2015

( Continued ) Since the Africans were Christianized, they were given an indentured servitude period of seven years ( the standard time frame) rather than the label of a Slave. Many of them completed their indenture and became part of the Old Dominion Planters Society with their land. British Subjects that came to the New World practicing the older Celtic religions were placed into permanent slavery. Christianity was the determining factor as to the status of a free or bond new arrival. Christianity was the founding religion of the New World despite the modern pundits and their antiquated message. Later, the consciousness of Europe changed from religion to race, and an “alien mercantile system” began to work destruction on what could have been a stable society. The beginnings of rationalism and materialism became indissolubly wedded in America once European consciousness changed on the race issue. Another way of cheaping labor and continuation of the European class system without the progenitors getting their hands dirty in the process. ( Part II next month a notion of self-government in the New World) Comments? E-Mail to At Verona by Oscar Wilde How steep the stairs within Kings’ houses are For exile-wearied feet as mine to tread, And O how salt and bitter is the bread Which falls from this Hound’s table,—better far That I had died in the red ways of war, Or that the gate of Florence bare my head, Than to live thus, by all things comraded Which seek the essence of my soul to mar. “Curse God and die: what better hope than this? He hath forgotten thee in all the bliss Of his gold city, and eternal day”— Nay peace: behind my prison’s blinded bars I do possess what none can take away, My love, and all the glory of the stars. Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish author, playwright and poet. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London’s most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. He is remembered for his epigrams, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, his plays, as well as the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death. Wilde’s parents were successful Anglo-Irish Dublin intellectuals. Their son became fluent in French and German early in life. At university, Wilde read Greats; he proved himself to be an outstanding classicist, first at Dublin, then at Oxford. He became known for his involvement in the rising philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles. As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new “English Renaissance in Art”, and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversation, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. Benefit for LeAnne Harris October 31st 11am - 2pm Jeffrey’s Florist US 17 South Catering by Topside $8 Per Plate Bake sale items available for purchase. Drinks available compliments of Pepsi Beverage Co. No time for social media.... give Scott a call Picture and Biography Sources: Wikipedia Albemarle Tradewinds October 2015 31