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Albemarle Tradewinds August 2015 Web Final

August 2015

MANUEL, the Outlaw by

MANUEL, the Outlaw by Wanda E. Hunt McLean wehunt@roadrunner.com Slaves usually escaped for the same basic reasons. One reason was to re-unite with a family member. Slave owners who realized this did everything within their power to keep slave family units together on the plantation. In 1833 in the Elizabeth City Star and Eastern Intelligencer, a $200 reward was posted for EVE and SALL who escaped with the assistance of a slave named MANUEL. Manuel was considered “an outlaw among Pasquotank planters and earned great notoriety among the planters in the 1830s for helping slaves escape and for harboring them.” (Cecelski, 129) Manuel decided that he wanted his wife back, Eve, who was presently living on a plantation in Hertford, Perquimans County. He also decided to help an old slave name GEORGE kidnap his wife SALL from the same plantation. In the past both men were known for visiting their wives often and returning to their plantation in Pasquotank. As I noted, Manuel was known for harboring the slaves he snatched. How did he manage to do such, you ask? He managed “with the assistance of white persons at or near Elizabeth City,” and once the two women were settled in the same location they were placed “under the protection of that noted villain Manuel and his brothers.” (Parker, 752) It was rumored that they were planning to board a vessel on the Pasquotank River and travel on to New Orleans. Manuel was able to do this because he had assistance and cooperation from other people who knew that this country’s institution of slavery was wrong. White people somewhere in Elizabeth City hid the slaves he rescued, and his brothers assisted by protecting them until they could safely continue their escape on the Pasquotank River. This demonstrates how people of different colors and backgrounds came together to help other people gain their freedom. People who realized the cruelty of slavery put everything they owned and worked for at risk to help others live as free human beings. One reason slaves escaped was because their family members were often sold to another plantation. Mothers were separated from children, husbands and wives were separated, etc., and many slaves did not adjust to leaving the plantations where they were born and raised. Truancy or absenteeism was common among the slaves because they often left the plantation for a weekend up to several weeks to visit a family member on another plantation without permission from the slave owner. The slave usually returned to his or her plantation with little or no consequences. In many situations the slaves did not return as demonstrated by Eve and Sall. The ad does not specify, but Manuel and George probably left with them. This slave runaway ad like thousands of others posted in North Carolina also demonstrates the importance of the State’s numerous waterways. Many of our rivers reach hundreds of miles from the Atlantic Ocean or Sounds into the State. These rivers also have many creeks that branch off. Considering the commerce that depended on our waterways and the large number of slaves and free blacks working in commerce, it’s no wonder that slaves were able to escape or assist others to escape. There is no mention in the ad that Manuel was adept in navigation or steering vessels. However, he probably had the assistance from a ship captain traveling through Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River, or the assistance of black men who worked on a vessel. With Manuel in charge, they probably successfully reached their destination. The Elizabeth City-Pasquotank County Senior Center “Serving the Young at Heart, Adults 55 or Older” The Senior Center offers a wide variety of exciting programs, trips and activities for the senior citizens of Elizabeth City and Pasquotank County. We strive to create a “family” atmosphere that promotes social, mental, physical and emotional overall well-being. Lauren Turner Senior Center Coordinator turnerlauren07@gmail.com Phone: (252)337-6661 or (252)337-6662 Credit Card Multi Tool $2.00 Handy credit card sized multi tool does 13 things! Available at River City Computers 252-562-0987 Free 24 hour news at albemarletradewinds.com 22 Albemarle Tradewinds August 2015 Thank you Virginia Pilot for your news feed. albemarletradewinds.com

I would like to speak about a free service that the North Carolina Bowhunter’s Association(NCBA) provides landowners who want to control deer and other wildlife through bowhunting. This service is called the Bowhunter Certification and Referral Service(BCRS). This service has been in place since 2005. BCRS members are tasked with controlling deer populations on a variety of properties that vary in size from less than 1 acre to several thousand acres. Members could be hunting in someone’s backyard, at the edge of a golf course or in a secluded forest that is filled with wildlife. The main goal is to help control the deer population on the landowner’s property. How can you become a member of the BCRS? 1) All certified members must be an active member of the NCBA and are required to remain active as long as they are certified in the BCRS program. 2) All members are required to complete a certified HUnter Safety Course and the International Bowhunter Education Program(IBEP) or the NCWRC’s “Today’s Bowhunter” course. 3) All participants are required to submit an application to the NCBA-BCRS chairman or his designee. 4) An application renewal fee is assessed to all applicants. 5) All applicants must pass an Accuracy and Proficiency Test with the bow(s) they will be hunting with.(being able to place 6 out of 10 shots inside a 6” circle at: 15yds for traditional bows, or at 20 yds for compound bows) 6) Applicants must sign and notarize a “waiver of Liability” including a “Hold Harmless Clause” to be kept on file with the program coordinator. 7) Successful applicants will receive a personal ID card after certification. Some of the very large hunts require 50 or more hunters or as many are as needed according to the property size. Additional liability insurance is provided by the being a BCRS member, is up to $2 million liability policy that covers NCBA BCRS members while hunting on BCRS agreement properties. for more information on this program please go to North Carolina Bowhunters Association Consider becoming a member of the NCBA, if you are in a club please consider having the club join the NCBA CHAPTERS. facebook.com/AlbemarleTradingPost Albemarle Tradewinds August 2015 23