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Brownsville Architecture: A Visual History by Pino Shah and Eileen Mattei

Brownsville Architecture: A Visual History reveals the heritage and history of Texas’s southernmost city as told by its buildings. Outstanding architectural images by Pino Shah show the influence of diverse cultures and regional styles that have shaped the border city’s built environment since 1841. Eileen Mattei weaves architectural details and Brownsville history into a narrative that illustrates how buildings mirror the people, the place and the times.   Here is a new perspective for looking at more than 100 architecturally significant buildings that are often also historically and culturally important. Pino Shah @ArtByPino is a world heritage, architecture, and performing arts photographer based in McAllen, Texas, and Ahmedabad, India. A freelance writer based in the Rio Grande Valley, Eileen Mattei  writes travel, nature and history articles for Texas Coop Power, Texas Highways, and other magazines.  She is the author of At the Crossroads: Harlingen’s First 100 Years; Leading the Way: McAllen’s First 100 Years, and For the Good of My Patients: The History of Medicine in the Rio Grande Valley.

Cover: Historic

Cover: Historic Brownsville Museum, La Nueva Libertidad, Texas Southmost College, Immaculate Conception Catholic Cathedral and George Kraigher House Right: Historic Brownsville Museum TYPOGRAPHY, LAYOUT, AND GRAPHIC DESIGN ISBN Carrie Rood Hardcover 9781948049030 Paperback 9781948049047 ePub 9781948049054 © 2018 by publisher, Deval ‘PinoShah, @ArtByPino.com, 1007 W US Highway 83, Pharr, Texas 78501. All rights to images reserved by the Deval ‘PinoShah. Rights to narratives reserved by Eileen Mattei. Reproduction of any kind requires prior written authorization from the publisher.

CONTENTS YEARS 1841 Neale House (Brownsville Art League).....................................................................................................2 1849 La Joya.....................................................................................................................................................4 1851 Miller-Treviño de los Santos Coy House (Stillman House Museum).........................................................6 1852 Miller Building and Webb (subsequently Kleiber) Drug Store Building...................................................8 1852 City Market House (Brownsville City Hall)................................................................................................9 1859 Immaculate Conception Catholic Cathedral..........................................................................................10 1859 Immaculate Conception brick building..................................................................................................12 1869 Fort Brown Post Hospital (Gorgas Hall Administration Building)...........................................................14 1868 Fort Brown Commandant’s Quarters......................................................................................................16 1872 W. H. Russell-J. J. Cocke House.............................................................................................................19 1882 Jose Fernandez/Olvera Building............................................................................................................21 1883 Cameron County Courthouse & Masonic Lodge..................................................................................22 1884 J. H. Fernández y Hermano Building.....................................................................................................23 1883 Miguel Fernandez Building/ Fernandez Hide Yard................................................................................24 1886 Lucio Bouis Vault....................................................................................................................................25 1887 El Globo Chiquito Building (Laiseca Store)............................................................................................26 1888 S. W. Brooks House................................................................................................................................27 1890 M. Alonzo Buildings...............................................................................................................................29 1891 Benjamin Kowalski-Miguel Fernández, Jr., House.................................................................................30 1892 La Madrileña Building............................................................................................................................31 1892 Sabal Palm Grove Sanctuary, Rancho Santo Tomás, Rabb-Starck House...............................................32 1893 El Alamo, Lucio Bouis Building..............................................................................................................33 1893 La Nueva Libertad Building/Cueto Building..........................................................................................34 1894 Field-Pacheco Buildings.........................................................................................................................35 1894 Browne-Wagner-Landrum House...........................................................................................................36 1900 Rock-Gómez House................................................................................................................................38 1904 Augustín Celaya House..........................................................................................................................39 1907 Webb-Martínez House...........................................................................................................................40 1909 Hicks-Gregg House................................................................................................................................41 1910 The Bollack Store Building.....................................................................................................................43 1911 José Celaya House.................................................................................................................................44 1912 Tomás Tijerina House.............................................................................................................................45 1912 Mrs. José Fernández House...................................................................................................................46 1913 Sacred Heart Catholic Church................................................................................................................47 1913 Cameron County Courthouse (Dancy Building).....................................................................................49 1924 Commercial Building..............................................................................................................................52 1924 Enrique Manautou House......................................................................................................................53 1925 Louis Brulay House.................................................................................................................................54 1926 Manuel J. Cisneros House......................................................................................................................55 1926 Hylton S. Lynch-Rufus Ransome House..................................................................................................56 1926 W. D. Van Siclen House..........................................................................................................................57 1926 Brownsville Herald Home Beautiful........................................................................................................58 1927 First Presbyterian Church.......................................................................................................................59 1927 McDermott Motor Company Building...................................................................................................60 1927 Aziz Brothers Building............................................................................................................................61 1927 Borderland Hardware Co. Building........................................................................................................62 1927 Hotel El Jardín........................................................................................................................................63 1927 Capitol Theater......................................................................................................................................65 1927 Brownsville High School and Junior College.........................................................................................66 1927 Casa Alta (Fitch Apartments)..................................................................................................................67 1927 Nannie M. and Henry N. Hansen House (altered)..................................................................................68 1927 Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church...............................................................................................69 1927 E. K. Goodrich House.............................................................................................................................70 1927 Church of the Advent.............................................................................................................................71 1927 Mrs. Mary V. Gay House.........................................................................................................................73 1928 Cameron Hotel.......................................................................................................................................74 1928 Southern Pacific Passenger Station (Historic Brownsville Museum).......................................................75 1928 Brownsville Fire Station #2.....................................................................................................................78 1928 Sethman Apartments.............................................................................................................................79 1928 James I. George House..........................................................................................................................80 1928 George K. Aziz House............................................................................................................................81 1929 Tewfik Aziz House...................................................................................................................................82 1929 Nel-Roy Apartments...............................................................................................................................83 1929 Lic. E. Urtusástegui House.....................................................................................................................84 1930 Board-and-batten double house............................................................................................................86 1930 First (Central-?) Christian Church............................................................................................................87 1930 C. W. Dawley House - was renovated....................................................................................................88 1930 Fausto Yturria House..............................................................................................................................89 1930 Harold E. Gray House.............................................................................................................................90 1930 F. L. Rockwell House...............................................................................................................................91 1930 Leon Hinkley House...............................................................................................................................92 1930 H. E. Blum Duplex House.......................................................................................................................93 1931 U.S. Courthouse and Post Office...........................................................................................................94 1931 The Argentine........................................................................................................................................95 1931 Charles Pitt House..................................................................................................................................96 1931 Edwin Pitt House....................................................................................................................................97 1932 Congregation Beth El Temple................................................................................................................98 1935 Royal D. Sundell House..........................................................................................................................99 1935 Pan American Airways Engineering and Accounting Buildings...........................................................100 1935 Henry G. Krausse Jr. House..................................................................................................................101 1935 Dr. Thurman A. Kinder, Jr., House........................................................................................................102 1936 Larry F. Lightner House........................................................................................................................103 1936 Dr. W. S. Merrick House.......................................................................................................................104 1937 George Kraigher House.......................................................................................................................105 1937 Malcolm P. McNair House....................................................................................................................107 1938 Casa Poinciana, Hubert R. Hudson House (altered).............................................................................108 1940 Katherine Barnes and S. Miller Williams, Jr., House.............................................................................110 1940 Salomé McAllen and William Scanlan House (altered).........................................................................111 1940 C. S. Eidman House.............................................................................................................................112 1941 Dr. James L. Rentfro House..................................................................................................................113 1947 Dr. Vidal Longoria Clinic.......................................................................................................................114 1949 Majestic Theater...................................................................................................................................115 1949 Kenneth Faxon Building.......................................................................................................................116 1949 Louise Beard and Morris P. Moore House............................................................................................117 1950 Guillermo Peña House.........................................................................................................................119 1950 All Souls Unitarian Church....................................................................................................................120 1954 Fort Brown Memorial Center................................................................................................................121 1954 Herminio Yturria House........................................................................................................................122 1955 Antonio Cisneros, Jr., House (altered)..................................................................................................123 1955 Bernard Whitman House (altered)........................................................................................................124 1958 Buell O’Connor House.........................................................................................................................125 1959 W. Vernon Walsh Building....................................................................................................................126 1959 St. Joseph Academy............................................................................................................................127 1961 Martín E. García House........................................................................................................................129 1962 Plains Capital Building.........................................................................................................................130 1962 J. Kendall Hert House..........................................................................................................................131 1964 Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish School.................................................................................................132 1965 Brownsville Chamber of Commerce Building......................................................................................133 1965 Darling-Mouser Funeral Home.............................................................................................................134 1965 Marta and J. Antonio Ortiz House.......................................................................................................135 1966 Brownsville High School (Homer Hanna High School).........................................................................136 1971 Villa del Sol...........................................................................................................................................139 1990 Mary Rose Cárdenas Halls North and South........................................................................................143 2001 Life and Health Sciences Building........................................................................................................146 2001 Graduate School of Public Health - Regional Academic Health Center..............................................147 2009 Center for Early Childhood Studies, Texas Southmost College...........................................................148 2009 TSC Arts Center...................................................................................................................................149