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Brownsville Architecture: A Visual History by Pino Shah and Eileen Mattei

Brownsville Architecture: A Visual History reveals the heritage and history of Texas’s southernmost city as told by its buildings. Outstanding architectural images by Pino Shah show the influence of diverse cultures and regional styles that have shaped the border city’s built environment since 1841. Eileen Mattei weaves architectural details and Brownsville history into a narrative that illustrates how buildings mirror the people, the place and the times.   Here is a new perspective for looking at more than 100 architecturally significant buildings that are often also historically and culturally important. Pino Shah @ArtByPino is a world heritage, architecture, and performing arts photographer based in McAllen, Texas, and Ahmedabad, India. A freelance writer based in the Rio Grande Valley, Eileen Mattei  writes travel, nature and history articles for Texas Coop Power, Texas Highways, and other magazines.  She is the author of At the Crossroads: Harlingen’s First 100 Years; Leading the Way: McAllen’s First 100 Years, and For the Good of My Patients: The History of Medicine in the Rio Grande Valley.

CONTENTS ALPHABETICAL

CONTENTS ALPHABETICAL All Souls Unitarian Church....................................................................................................................................120 Antonio Cisneros, Jr., House (altered)..................................................................................................................123 Augustín Celaya House..........................................................................................................................................39 Aziz Brothers Building............................................................................................................................................61 Benjamin Kowalski-Miguel Fernández, Jr., House..................................................................................................30 Bernard Whitman House (altered)........................................................................................................................124 Board-and-batten double house............................................................................................................................86 Borderland Hardware Co. Building........................................................................................................................62 Browne-Wagner-Landrum House...........................................................................................................................36 Brownsville Chamber of Commerce Building.......................................................................................................133 Brownsville Fire Station #2.....................................................................................................................................78 Brownsville Herald Home Beautiful........................................................................................................................58 Brownsville High School and Junior College.........................................................................................................66 Brownsville High School (Homer Hanna High School).........................................................................................136 Buell O’Connor House.........................................................................................................................................125 Cameron County Courthouse (Dancy Building).....................................................................................................49 Cameron County Courthouse & Masonic Lodge..................................................................................................22 Cameron Hotel.......................................................................................................................................................74 Capitol Theater.......................................................................................................................................................65 Casa Alta (Fitch Apartments)..................................................................................................................................67 Casa Poinciana, Hubert R. Hudson House (altered).............................................................................................108 Center for Early Childhood Studies, Texas Southmost College...........................................................................148 Charles Pitt House..................................................................................................................................................96 Church of the Advent.............................................................................................................................................71 City Market House (Brownsville City Hall)................................................................................................................9 Commercial Building..............................................................................................................................................52 Congregation Beth El Temple................................................................................................................................98 C. S. Eidman House..............................................................................................................................................112 C. W. Dawley House - was renovated....................................................................................................................88 Darling-Mouser Funeral Home.............................................................................................................................134 Dr. James L. Rentfro House..................................................................................................................................113 Dr. Thurman A. Kinder, Jr., House........................................................................................................................102 Dr. Vidal Longoria Clinic.......................................................................................................................................114 Dr. W. S. Merrick House........................................................................................................................................104 Edwin Pitt House....................................................................................................................................................97 E. K. Goodrich House.............................................................................................................................................70 El Alamo, Lucio Bouis Building...............................................................................................................................33 El Globo Chiquito Building (Laiseca Store)............................................................................................................26 Enrique Manautou House.......................................................................................................................................53 Fausto Yturria House..............................................................................................................................................89 Field-Pacheco Buildings.........................................................................................................................................35 First (Central-?) Christian Church............................................................................................................................87 First Presbyterian Church........................................................................................................................................59 F. L. Rockwell House...............................................................................................................................................91 Fort Brown Commandant’s Quarters......................................................................................................................16 Fort Brown Memorial Center................................................................................................................................121 Fort Brown Post Hospital (Gorgas Hall Administration Building)...........................................................................14 George K. Aziz House............................................................................................................................................81 George Kraigher House.......................................................................................................................................105 Graduate School of Public Health - Regional Academic Health Center..............................................................147 Guillermo Peña House.........................................................................................................................................119 Harold E. Gray House.............................................................................................................................................90 H. E. Blum Duplex House.......................................................................................................................................93 Henry G. Krausse Jr. House..................................................................................................................................101 Herminio Yturria House........................................................................................................................................122 Hicks-Gregg House................................................................................................................................................41 Hotel El Jardín........................................................................................................................................................63 Hylton S. Lynch-Rufus Ransome House..................................................................................................................56 Immaculate Conception brick building..................................................................................................................12 Immaculate Conception Catholic Cathedral..........................................................................................................10 James I. George House..........................................................................................................................................80 J. H. Fernández y Hermano Building.....................................................................................................................23 J. Kendall Hert House..........................................................................................................................................131 José Celaya House.................................................................................................................................................44 Jose Fernandez/Olvera Building............................................................................................................................21 Katherine Barnes and S. Miller Williams, Jr., House.............................................................................................110 Kenneth Faxon Building.......................................................................................................................................116 La Joya.....................................................................................................................................................................4 La Madrileña Building.............................................................................................................................................31 La Nueva Libertad Building/Cueto Building..........................................................................................................34 Larry F. Lightner House.........................................................................................................................................103 Leon Hinkley House................................................................................................................................................92 Lic. E. Urtusástegui House......................................................................................................................................84 Life and Health Sciences Building........................................................................................................................146 Louis Brulay House.................................................................................................................................................54 Louise Beard and Morris P. Moore House............................................................................................................117 Lucio Bouis Vault....................................................................................................................................................25 Majestic Theater...................................................................................................................................................115 Malcolm P. McNair House....................................................................................................................................107 M. Alonzo Buildings...............................................................................................................................................29 Manuel J. Cisneros House......................................................................................................................................55 Marta and J. Antonio Ortiz House........................................................................................................................135 Martín E. García House.........................................................................................................................................129 Mary Rose Cárdenas Halls North and South........................................................................................................143 McDermott Motor Company Building...................................................................................................................60 Miguel Fernandez Building/ Fernandez Hide Yard................................................................................................24 Miller Building and Webb (subsequently Kleiber) Drug Store Building...................................................................8 Miller-Treviño de los Santos Coy House (Stillman House Museum).........................................................................6 Mrs. José Fernández House...................................................................................................................................46 Mrs. Mary V. Gay House.........................................................................................................................................73 Nannie M. and Henry N. Hansen House (altered)..................................................................................................68 Neale House (Brownsville Art League).....................................................................................................................2 Nel-Roy Apartments...............................................................................................................................................83 Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church...............................................................................................................69 Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish School.................................................................................................................132 Pan American Airways Engineering and Accounting Buildings...........................................................................100 Plains Capital Building..........................................................................................................................................130 Rock-Gómez House................................................................................................................................................38 Royal D. Sundell House..........................................................................................................................................99 Sabal Palm Grove Sanctuary, Rancho Santo Tomás, Rabb-Starck House...............................................................32 Sacred Heart Catholic Church................................................................................................................................47 Salomé McAllen and William Scanlan House (altered).........................................................................................111 Sethman Apartments..............................................................................................................................................79 Southern Pacific Passenger Station (Historic Brownsville Museum).......................................................................75 St. Joseph Academy.............................................................................................................................................127 S. W. Brooks House................................................................................................................................................27 Tewfik Aziz House...................................................................................................................................................82 The Argentine.........................................................................................................................................................95 The Bollack Store Building.....................................................................................................................................43 Tomás Tijerina House.............................................................................................................................................45 TSC Arts Center....................................................................................................................................................149 U.S. Courthouse and Post Office............................................................................................................................94 Villa del Sol...........................................................................................................................................................139 W. D. Van Siclen House..........................................................................................................................................57 Webb-Martínez House...........................................................................................................................................40 W. H. Russell-J. J. Cocke House.............................................................................................................................19 W. Vernon Walsh Building....................................................................................................................................126

1840 ARTBYPINO As a sparsely settled suburb of Matamoros on the north side of the Rio Grande, what today is Brownsville early on consisted of a few scattered ranches and homes. The first battles of the Mexican-American (1846-48) took place in and around present-day Brownsville. Army operations at the earthen, star-shaped fort that became Fort Brown helped propel the community into a separate identity as Brownsville. After the Mexican- American War, riverboat traffic and international commerce spiked, leading to commercial ventures and buildings such as La Joya and residences like the Neale House. 1

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