11 months ago

Safety aspects for Transportation of Dangerous Goods

Temperature Controlled

Temperature Controlled products are shipped in refrigerated trucks, refrigerated containers or tanks, which are minimum temperature protected and have a individual cooling unit minimum. The refrigeration unit (s) should be able to operate the truck by oneself. No temperature protection ("coolant with consumables", eg dry ice) is used with the cooling fluid system, always a mechanical cooling unit is chosen. The trucks must have an audible and visual alarm that detects and demonstrates that the alarm temperature has been surpassed. The heat of the cooling carriage should be always be understandable in the transport cabine. The purpose of mechanical or digital heat recorders to follow the carrying temperature is a common exercise. Backup pieces for cooling should be placed at the wayside assistance laborers or vehicle. Also, shipping companies should have schedules of assistance laborers for the cooling system throughout the shipping direction. Marine Shipping Temperature Controlled Organic Peroxides are stored in refrigerated containers or refrigerated tank containers for marine shipping. Related containers are equipped with a double (backuped) cooling system or, in special conditions, a individual system (just once permitted regarding the iMDG code). Observance and Monitoring Observance ensures regular, scheduled audit of refrigerated containers at each crossing point in the shipping group. This is happened by a well educated accompanying person (a company employee or a third party service provider who has received the necessary training). It is important to ensure that refrigerated containers work conveniently and that should be kept heated properly. How to organize the observance and monitoring Crucial elements of the observance methods achieved by Akpa are: - The existence of the person who accompanies the container during loading. - The refrigerated container handbook for the responsible ship's vessel, together with the shore shipping guidance, the shipping urgent card and the Dangerous Goods Declaration (DGD) - Control the cooling statement of the ship (convenience of the gates and cooling units) and notify the carrier in case of differency - When the container is loaded on board, check the fuel level of the diesel generator - Confirmation of the proper connection of the tank to the electrical power supply and adjustment of the container. - Expression of the objective of backup pieces as well as the coolant objective to the responsible ship operator - The situation of the person accompanying the person to respond the questions. - Responsible officer should be signed of the mission on the submission protocol. 8. Secured temporary warehouse organization in transportation chain Akpa prefers direct transfer to the trailer or opposites under normal conditions. Interim warehousing should be minimized for example during transfers, Generally, refrigerated containers and dry boxes are not appropriate for permanent storage of Organic Peroxides.

In use, the essential of temporary storage of a container can not be prevented. As long as the container reaches its final terminal, this can take place along freight transport chains as well as refrigerated containers may also be waiting in transit ports or at ports for customs and / or review. If temporary warehouse is unavoidable, the following guidelines should be observed: Useful Codes The approach of irrelevant people should be prevented by taking measures against unrelated access. It is certainly not allowed to smoke around peroxide containers, tanks or packages. Avoid packaging from getting warmed by sunlight or other similar heating sources. Keep it in shady places. In emergencies, emergency interventions should be carried out with convenient techniques and arrangements. (may find also section 10). For refrigerated containers Gates and machines should be kept available. Correct electrical connection and operation must be provided. The temperature set for the stored product must be safe and access controlled. Akpa suggests controlling and documenting at a usually no much longer than 4 hours to confirm the following: Cooling parts work well If the refrigerated container is processing at the fixed warmth. A control listing is needed to show that the Refrigerant is fully operational before land carrying or at planned transit ports. 9.Mixed loading and Deallocation Rules Most Organic Peroxides are in the same chemical family (except peroxyacetic acid) and therefore have the same attributes, so they can be combined in a container or transport unit. Even a product may be stored with other organic peroxides if there is a sub-risk label or marking (eg abrasive, explosive, harmful to the environment). There are explanations in the ADR on "mixed loading". However, harmony with other organic peroxides and other separation rules and transport regulations must be retrieved into account for other products that are loaded together. On the other hand, organic peroxides should not be sent with food and medicines in the same container.

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