...it is the grass that suffers. On the 9 July 2012 the two youngest countries in the world celebrate their first birthdays. To mark the occasion, journalists from Sudan and South Sudan came together to report on the development of both nations in the second edition of The Niles. The proverb about the two elephants, which is popular in both countries, has become a fitting leitmotif. How much the grass actually suffers, how the elephants are affected and what that has to do with relationships between people, are all explored in the collection of stories, pictures and songs from Sudan and South Sudan.
2 The Niles | Contributors We Are The Niles 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 A dynamic group of 50 journalists from both Sudans have brought together their diverse talents to produce The Niles www.theniles.org, formally known as sudan votes, which reports on both countries’ current affairs from a local perspective. Through this collaborative project they have gained journalistic training that has become rare in an erratic political environment. One of the results is the second edition of the newspaper you are holding in your hands. The first edition was published on the 9th of July 2011, the birthday of the world’s two youngest countries: Sudan and South Sudan. The Niles journalists come from various age, ethnic and religious groups, and have produced over 1400 print articles and radio broadcasts about issues central to both Sudanese experiences. Whether covering economics, society, politics or culture, each unique voice contributes to a well-rounded representation of current affairs. Meet the correspondents: www.theniles.org Adam Abkar Ali 1 24 Born in El-Malam, Darfur, Ali obtained a bachelor’s degree in media from the University of Baghdad. After graduation, Adam worked with Al-Adwaa and Al-Madd Al-jadid newspapers. 25 26 Besides writing for The Niles, Adam currently works as a political editor in Khartoum. Adam M. Ahmad 2 Born in the city of Nyala in South Darfur, Adam studied media at the University of Omdurman in Sudan. He worked with a number of newspapers, such as Al-Intibaha, Al-Sudani, and Al-Akhbar. Currently, Adam is a journalist with the Al Ahram Al Youm newspaper in Khartoum. Aisha Al-Samani 3 Aisha Al-Samani was born in Al-Marwa and received a bachelor’s degree in education and Arabic from the Nile Valley University, Sudan. She is currently a news and politics editor at the Al-Khartoum newspaper. Ajaa Santino Anyieth 4 Ajaa holds a bachelor’s degree in media, communication and culture and has contributed to different media outlets as a freelance journalist. In addition to writing for The Niles, Anyieth is a PR Consultant in the private sector in Juba, South Sudan. Akim Mugisa 5 Born in Fort Portal near the Mountains of the Moon in Uganda, Akim studied journalism and 27 media. He has worked in radio for more than ten years and has written for local, national and regional publications. He works as freelance editor in Yei, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan. Aping Kuluel Machuol 6 Aping holds a bachelor’s degree in mass communication and works as freelance state correspondent in Kaucjok, Warrap State, South Sudan. Before joining The Niles he completed an internship with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and later with The Citizen newspaper in Juba. Ating Benson Okello 7 Benson is currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree in mass communication at Juba University and gained his first professional insights as a presenter at Radio Magwi. He also works for Freevoice in Juba and lives in Magwi, Eastern Equatoria State, South Sudan. Benjamin Majok Mon 8 Benjamin is currently completing his degree in journalism and media studies at the University of Juba. He works as a state correspondent for the New Nation newspaper in Rumbek, Lakes State, South Sudan. 28 29 ‘Boboya’ Waakhe Simon Wudu 9 Known as ‘Boboya’ by his fellows, Simon has been a part of the The Niles / Sudan Votes team since the project started in 2009. He works from Juba as the Central Equatoria state correspondent for the Gurtong Trust, a peace and media project. Bonifacio Taban 10 Born in 1981 in the village of Gakal in Unity State, Taban graduated from the Kenyan Institute of Mass Communication in Nairobi. He lives in Bentiu, Unity State, South Sudan and works as a freelance correspondent. In April 2010 he was arrested and detained by Unity State security forces while working on an oil story, but following local and international petitions on his behalf, he was released after 13 days. Charlton Doki 11 30 Charlton has a bachelor’s degree in mass communication from the Islamic University in Uganda and a master’s in International Applied Communication from the University of Central Lancashire in the United Kingdom. He is currently a senior reporter and co-host for Voice Of America’s South Sudan In-Focus program in Juba. He previously worked for South Sudan Interactive 31
Contributors | The Niles 3 Radio Instruction, Sudan Radio Service and the Sudan Mirror. Daniel Deng Bol 12 Daniel is currently working toward his bachelor’s degree in mass communication at Juba University. He has been part of The Niles / Sudan Votes team since early 2011 and previously worked for The Citizen and Sudan Tribune as a reporter. Daniel Leek Angok Daniel is currently working as an audio and text editor for Free Voice in Juba while pursuing his bachelor’s degree in mass communication at Juba University. He previously worked for Bakhita radio as news reporter and presenter as well as South Sudan Radio and TV. Hamza Baloul 13 Hamza was born in Arbaji and holds a bachelor’s degree in economics and political science from the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies at the University of Khartoum. He was an editor with several newspapers such as Al-Hurrya, the As-Sudani newspaper and Al-Ahdath and was dispatched by the Qatari newspaper Assharq to cover the South Sudan Referendum. Hamza founded Culture Without Borders at the University of Khartoum in 1998. He is also a member of many unions such as the Union of Sudanese Writers, the Sudanese Journalists Network for Freedom of Expression, Developing the Profession and the Union of Sudanese Journalists. Hassan Barakya 14 Hassan Mohammed Hassan Ahmed was born in Dongola and received a degree in media, journalism and publishing in 2000. He is currently an editor at Al-Jareeda in Khartoum. He served as editor in the Al-Ra’y Al-Akhar and Al-Adwa newspapers and also worked as the chief of the political section for the newspaper Sawt Al-Umma, as well as a diplomatic affairs editor for the newspaper Al-Shark Al-Alamiya. Hassan Faroog 15 Hassan Faroog Mohammed Sir Al-Khatim holds a degree in media and public relations from the University of Sudan. He was an editor in the sports section for Al-Kaptan and Al-Sahafa newspapers in Khartoum. Since September 2007, Hassan has been the head of the sports division at Al-Ahdath daily newspaper. He covered major sporting events such as the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, the 2008 African Cup of Nations in Ghana, and the 2006 African Cup of Nations in Egypt. Husham Eltayeb 16 After finishing university, Eltayeb worked as a news reporter and photographer at Ajrass-Alhurya Newspaper. In May 2010 he was promoted to editor of the cultural department. Today Husham is a media coordinator for Gis Vision, a consultancy company in Khartoum. Hou Akot Hou 17 Hou Akot Hou, born in Aweil East County, Northern Bahr al-Ghazal state, is a state correspondent for different print and audio publications such as Internews, Voice of America, South Sudan in Focus Project and The New Nation. Hou dreams of one day earning a degree in mass communication. Khalid Saad 18 Khalid Saad studied at the University of Khartoum and at Juba University, specialising in journalism and rural development. He has worked as a fulltime journalist for different newspapers such as Al-Raya, Al-Watan, and the Qatari newspaper Al-Sharq. Currently, Khalid is a general editor at Al-Ahram Al-Youm in Khartoum. Maha D. El-Sanosi 19 Maha holds a bachelor’s degree in science with honours in biomedical engineering and works full-time at a medical company. She is also a freelance writer for several websites and she blogs on a regular basis. Maha is an editor and a columnist for two new Sudan-inspired projects, Voices of Sudan and 500 Words Magazine. In 2012 Maha won the BlogHer International Activist Scholarship, which sent her to New York this August to present her work. She lives and works in Khartoum. Mahir Abu Goukh 20 was born in Basra, Iraq and received a bachelor’s degree in political science from the Faculty of Economics and Political Science at the Islamic University of Omdurman in Sudan. Mahir published his first newspaper article on the sports page of the Al-Sudani International in 1994. He worked for different newspapers such as Al- Sudani where he was the chief of the political section. Mahir has been living in Toronto, Canada since September 2011, but continues writing for Al-Sudani and The Niles. Marvis Birungi 21 A graduate of literature and journalism, Marvis has reported for The Citizen newspaper and the Sudan Catholic Radio Network. She has also contributed to the Juba Post and to Liberty FM as a freelancer. Marvis works as freelance editor and correspondent mainly for Voice of America in Juba. Mujahid Bashir 22 Mugahid is currently working as an editor in the political section of Al-Ray Al-Aam newspaper in Khartoum. He has been part of The Niles / Sudan Votes team since 2009 and contributes to the project with a number of unique pieces on the political and social situation in Sudan. Ochan Hannington 23 Ochan is currently working toward a Bachelor of Arts, Media and Public Relations at Cavendish University, Uganda. Hannington works as freelance correspondent mainly for The Niles. He previously worked for Camp Wesley Woods in Tennessee as a supervisor and acquired valuable reporting experience as a field information officer for Action Africa Help-International. Osman Shinger 24 Osman Shinger holds a bachelor’s degree from the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences - Omdurman Islamic University. He currently works as the editor-in-chief of the newspaper Al-Jareeda in Khartoum. Previously, Osman reported for a number of Sudanese newspapers such as The Citizen, Ajras Al-Hurrya, Al-Sahafa and Al-Ayyam as well as for Arab newspapers such as the Emirati, Al-Bayan, Al-Ittihad and Al- Khalij. Osman won several awards for many of his short stories and he continues to be a prolific writer. Osman has worked as correspondent for Deutsche Welle in Khartoum since 2009 as well as with the Al-Qaumi Television channel and Al-Jazeera in Khartoum. Pascal Ladu 25 Pascal Ladu was born in Kajo-Keji, near South Sudan’s border with Uganda. He was trained in journalism at the Kenyan Institute of Mass Communication. Pascal works as an editor and radio correspondent for South Sudan Radio in Juba, a state-run broadcasting station. Reem Abbas Shawkat 26 Reem has a bachelor’s degree in journalism and mass communication. She works as a freelance correspondent for Sudanese and regional online publications. She has been part of the The Niles team since 2011. Reem lives and works in Khartoum. Rishan Oshi 27 Rishan was born in Omdurman. She holds a bachelor’s degree in French from the University of Khartoum. After working with the newspaper Al-Ayyam, she joined the political division of Al-Tayyar newspaper in Khartoum where she is an editor. Shadia Saied Ahmad 28 Shadia Saied Ahmad obtained a diploma from the Faculty of Information at the Islamic University of Omdurman. Shadia worked for a number of newspapers such as Al-Raay Al-Akhar, Al-Sahafa, Al-Anbaa, Al-Arab, Khartoum and Al-Assema in the news and politics sections. She has also been a diplomatic and parliamentary correspondent and is currently a reporter at Alwan newspaper in Khartoum. Wani Lo Kaku 29 Wani Lo Kaku was born in Juba and studied informatics at Juba University. He worked as a journalist in different radio stations, like South Sudan Radio and Radio Bakhita. He has also been an editor at the Juba Post and at the Sawt Al-Shaab radio. He was the presenter of Dunia Al-Riyada on South Sudan Television. He is currently the editorial director at Junubna FM 100. Yobu Annet 30 Yobu works as an editor and reporter with the Juba Post. She has been a part of the The Niles team since November 2009. Yobu was awarded the Edward R.Murrow’s Award for Journalists 2011 and is also a very talented musician. Zinab Mohammed Saleh 31 Zinab has worked with a number of newspapers such as Al-Sudani, Khartoum Monitor, Al-Sahafa and Ajrass Al-Hurrya, as well as Al-Ahdath, Al- Ayyam and The Citizen. She joined The Niles in 2009 and is now working as a freelance journalist with a number of newspapers in Sudan, delivering stories from across the country. The Niles is a publication of Media in Cooperation & Transition MICT gGmbH in cooperation with The Citizen Newspaper under The Citizen Publications Limited. Contact: Media in Cooperation and Transition Dirk Spilker, email@example.com Brunnenstrasse 9 10119 Berlin, Germany Phone +49 (0) 30 484 93 02 0 www.theniles.org Chief Editor: Sven Recker Design: Gunnar Bauer Managing Editor: Dirk Spilker Editors: Leila Bendra, Roman Deckert, Dominik Lehnert Music Editor: Wahib Soumade Special Editor: Johnny West (Open Oil, p. 12/13) Language Editors: Husein Chawich, Rose-Anne Clermont, Koumay al-Mulhem, Cathrin Schaer Contributors: Adam Mohammed Ahmad, Hassan Barakya, Hassan Berkia, Charlton Doki, Maha Elsanosi, Hassan Faroog, Hou Akot Hou, Esther Muwombi, Hannington A. Ochan, Jacob Ruai, Zeinab Mohammed Salih, Osman Shanger Translation: Syrian European Documentation Center (SEDC), Sandra Hetzl Pictures: p.1 Getty Images / p.2 private / p. 6-7 Qusai Akoud (1), Hisham Karouri (1), Waakhe Simon Wudu (10), Getty Images (2) / p.8 Hou Akot Hou / p.14 Getty Images (Wek, Gai, Deng, Bol, Saleha, Sudan Football Team, Diab, Kaki, Ismail, Mahjoub), gdc graphics (Siddig), Ellie Kurttz (South Sudan Theatre Company) Vaida V Nairn (Abouela), Sudanese online (Rahma), Toti Jacob (Mawa Fanan, Wongo) / p.16 Waakhe Simon Wudu (Bol), Getty Images (Salih) / p.19 Julian Kücklich (Pif Paf ) Arabic production: Tarek Atrissi Design Poster music production: Ebon Heath Illustration (p.10): Khalid Albaih www.facebook.com/albaih Concept: Alex Bohn, Sven Recker Printing: The Citizen Publications Limited The publication The Niles is produced by Media in Cooperation & Transition (MICT) with support from the German Foreign Office. The views expressed in this report do not reflect the opinions of the German Foreign Office or MICT. 2012, all rights reserved.