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170 RESEARCH BY DESIGN Halle - Ferraris map (1771-1778) Circa 1700, the Flemish landscape includes two entities: Halle and Lembeek. Two major national roads (N6 and N7) run through the two cities and connect small and larger cities. They stimulate commerce and the industry. This is why we find several agricultural plants on both sides of those roads. ( Halle - Vandermaelen map (1846-1854) Around 1900, the railways and the canal become a serious alternative to roads because they are faster and cheaper. Railways follow the road network. The sides of the axes become strategic points. Industrial plants settle near to those roads. (

171 Productive Landscape as a New Public Space for Residential Suburbs in Halle Halle - Satelite view (1971) At the same time as these changes after the Second World War, reconstruction became the center of attention. De Taeye’s political program also questioned this reconstruction. It allowed grants to households enabling them to move into the countryside. The countryside is progressively settled without any major scheme to develop the axes (National Roads 6 and 7). ( Halle - Satelite view (2015) In the 1950s, a European-wide road network was built: highways and TGV networks. In 2000, the E429/A8 was built. That road connects Belgium to France. It also plays a major role in industrial growth, and in particular in the important logistical sector that exists in that region. This is the reason the Colruyt Group, a large-scale Belgian distribution company, and many other players choose to base themselves in this specific area. (