10 months ago

Reviving the Flame

Travail de Master de Tiffany Duc

6. Triangulation A

6. Triangulation A second set of interviews was conducted in order to discover whether findings from the first interviews are realistic or not. Here, the floor is given to various stakeholders including politicians, tourism representatives and ski schools’ professionals. The reader will only find one specific source, given that most respondents required to stay anonymous, which the author respected. These new data allow the writer to double check her findings and balance them with the ongoing context and reality. In a general way, everybody appreciates the use of “human size” event to remodel the OG, it shows the desire to move away from gigantism and design more realistic events. Some people do however believe it must be proved, but if it becomes reality, the human size Games can bring many positive changes in the future. Regarding the various risks, the environment is usually not seen as a problem. All respondents read the candidacy file and understand well the concept of Sion 2026, which favour the use of existing infrastructures to reduces the costs considerably. They also appreciate the plan to maximise the use of public transportations. In terms of budget, Mr. Rieder (2017) highlights that cost overruns and security costs are nowadays inherent to any type of event. No matter if these are international or local. As an example, he presents the terrorist attacks as one of the most uncertain issue. What should people do? He believes that if terrorist attacks are a risk, then no event should take place. But then, you will stop doing anything. Therefore, what is important is to evaluate these risks and prevent them. Furthermore, most actors estimate that risk analysis is a good tool for an event to minimise potential problems. Concerning the Valais voting in 2018, opinions differ. Some stakeholders think there is a high risk for people to say no, but other are confident it will pass. Mr. Rieder (2017) sees this vote as a chance for the population to understand our opportunity to design human size Games. Looking at the opinion over the legacies, people tend to be more reserved. Clearly, heritages directly linked to sports, tourism and human capital can be implemented, boosted and showcased by the Games. However, other outcomes like the energy transition or national cohesion are believed to be too complex to change over a two-week event. Nonetheless, the Games can foster positive relations and improvements in terms of behaviour, and national unity, without changing the entire country. Mr. Rieder (2017) highlights that the Games can bring many positive changes, though one should not see them as a solver for every issue in the country. To him, such social improvement must be made by the population itself over time. For now, it is important to stay realistic and focus on realisable legacies. Triangulation 35

Lastly, what is important is to come back to the sport, and design amazing sports’ Games. The OWG specifically must not take place in cities anymore, where everything must be build and artificial snow is used. It is up to the IOC to be coherent in their discourse and select a host region that will hold its promises instead of again electing cities with no or few infrastructures. The host destinations must be located where winter is, in the Alps, in the mountains, in the natural environment, to improve the Games’ impact in the future (Rieder, 2017). Overall, the triangulation shows different stakeholders agree with most findings, though, some doubts or questioning are expressed, particularly when it comes to intangible legacies. Most respondent believe the Games can bring positive change and heritages to intangible aspects directly linked to the OG like sport and tourism. However, the OCOG need to stay realistic in terms of legacies such as the energy transition or national cohesion. Such changes may need a longer period of time to happen than during the Games’ organisation. Triangulation 36