4 Wednesday, February 14, 2018 National KARACHI: Head office: 509, Land Mark Plaza, I.I Chundrigar Road, Karachi, Pakistan. Ph: +9221-32214988- 32214990, Fax: +9221-32214989 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Chief Editor: Muhammad Taqi Alvi Associate Editor: Ali Razavi - Editor Special Reports: Muhammad Rafique Rajpar Hyderabad Bureau Chief: Abbas Kassar - Islamabad Bureau Chief: Hameedullah Khan ISLAMABAD –– LAHORE –– RAWALPINDI –– KARACHI EDITORIAL UNO misused by Secuirty Council: Battles for peace lost on US, Israel, Europe and Saudi led wars worldwide CRITICS argue that many destructive wars could not be stopped by United Nations Organization on US, Israel, Europe and Saudi led devastation with casualties that astound an entire humanity. These wars continue, one in Syria since five years. Wars elsewhere including Iraq and Yemen left hundreds of thousands of casualties. These wars made tens of millions homeless in their home countries as well as refugees abroad. Let us recall some of this criticism. WARS and civil strife is still going on in these and a number of other countries. The plight of Gaza in Palestine remains unaccounted. Such a dismal history makes the UN Charter largely unenforceable, critics believe, and that UN had become a tool which was misused -- again and again -- by big powers and their UN Security Council for waging wars, accompanied with UN peace-keeping force, and not for establishing peace either. Has the United Nations Organization or the UNO failed in its duties? There are many different and contradicting opinions on the effectiveness of the organization. Illogical as well as reasonable criticism heaped on the United Nations has been economically and ideologically diverse. Much of it is focused upon the UN's purported inability to collect finance -- even membership fees from countries including the US -- making it incapable of properly handling international conflicts, sometimes even on a small scale. Other criticisms tend to focus on the UN's alleged elitism or its presumed support of genocidal policies. Lack of accountability in UN was also on focus. In regards to criticism of corruption within the UN system by its employees, its investigator for instance was dismissed from his field job and the UN was directed to compensate him for the wrongful dismissal. Only 75 of the then 184 member states in near past were free democracies which had the effect of tipping the scales of the UN so that the organization as a whole was more amenable to the requirements of dictatorships around the world. Reporters witnessed a rapid increase in prostitution in Cambodia, Mozambique, Bosnia, and Kosovo after UN and, in the case of the latter two, NATO peacekeeping forces moved in. Sexual misconduct by United Nations troops had earlier been reported in Congo, Cambodia and Haiti, as well as in an earlier incident involving Moroccan peacekeepers in Côte d'Ivoire. The United Nations Population Fund has been accused by different groups of providing support for government programs which have promoted forced-abortions and coercive sterilizations. There has been criticism that the five permanent By Waqar Mustafa To my daughter fear is our greatest issue as it impedes development, both personal and collective. But human rights champion Asma Jahangir, who passed away in Lahore only a fortnight after turning 66, had overcome that quite early in her life. Or, should I say, she was fearless by birth. Courage was in her genes. Her father, Malik Ghulam Jilani, a civil servant had entered politics on retirement and spent years both in jail and under house arrest for opposing military rule. Her mother had set up her own clothing business when the family's lands were confiscated in 1967 as punishment. She was 18 when her father was arrested again and she moved the Lahore High Court for his release. Her petition remained unsuccessful but after she appealed to the Supreme Court, the martial law that had led to her father's arrest was also declared illegal. From then on, activism did not remain personal for her. According to Pakistan's independent watchdog, the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP), which she co-founded in 1986, the human rights movement in Pakistan was founded and is defined by Asma Jahangir. She was also a cofounder of the Women's Action Forum, which was set up to oppose law that reduced a woman's testimony in court to half that of a man's. She served as HRCP's Secretary General and Chairperson and was currently its Spokesperson and the United Nations Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Iran, among the numerous other significant appointments. "Asma Jahangir's unique and outstanding contribution to the human rights discourse is acknowledged by friends and foes alike, nationally and globally. HRCP has not known a braver and more tireless human rights defender than Asma Jahangir," Dr Mehdi Hasan, the Commission's chairperson, said in a statement. I have had the honour of sharing the stage with her, mainly at the launch events of HRCP's flagship annual report, The State of Human Rights, which I edited for four years. She would make the events lively and vibrant by vociferously and fearlessly OPINION members of the United Nations Security Council or the UNSC (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States), who are all nuclear powers, have created an exclusive nuclear club whose powers are unchecked. Unlike the General Assembly, the United Nations Security Council does not have true international representation. This has led to accusations that the UNSC only addresses the strategic interests and political motives of the permanent members. The practice of the permanent members meeting privately and then presenting their resolutions to the full council as a fait accompli has also drawn fire. Another concern is that the five permanent members of the UN Security Council are five of the top seven largest arms exporting countries in the world. Still other nations have advocated abolishing the concept of permanency altogether. A "Get US out of the UN" campaign happened in 1959, charging that the UN's aim was to establish a "One World Government." Some have questioned whether the UN might be relevant in the 21st century. While the UN’s first and second Charter mandates require the UN: “To maintain international peace and security.... (and if necessary to enforce the peace by) taking preventive or enforcement action,” due to its restrictive administrative structure, the permanent members of the Security Council themselves have sometimes prevented the UN from fully carrying out its first two mandates. Without the unanimous approval, support (or minimally abstention) of all 5 of the permanent members of the UN's Security Council, the UN's charter only enables it to "observe", report on, and make recommendations regarding international conflicts. Such unanimity on the Security Council regarding the authorization of armed UN enforcement actions has not always been reached in time to prevent the outbreak of international wars. In the Srebrenica massacre, Serbian troops committed genocide against Bosnian Muslims in the largest case of mass murder on the European continent since World War II. Srebrenica had been declared a UN "safe area" and was even protected by 400 armed Dutch peace keepers, but the UN forces did little to prevent the massacre. In 1967, Richard Nixon, while running for President of the United States, criticized the UN as "obsolete and inadequate" for dealing with then-present crises like the Cold War. A review of UN action during the final months of the Sri Lanka's civil war in 2009, in which tens of thousands of people were killed, criticized the UN leadership, UN Security Council and top UN officials in Sri Lanka. Asma Jahangir was fearless, she had it in her genes Jahangir had won scores of national and international awards speaking in defence of human rights. She wanted to spread the word through radio. She had planned to use some award money for setting up FM radio stations for human rights education in different areas of the country. On her bidding, HRCP, under a twoyear project, produced programmes carrying human rights messages for a state-run radio channel. A dedicated and accomplished lawyer, Asma Jahangir cared less for money and had fought a lot of human rights cases for free. In 1980, she, along with women lawyer colleagues, opened the first legal-aid centre in Pakistan. Over the next decade, she went to prison for opposing military dictator Zia-ul-Haq's chauvinistic laws, and lent voice and legal support to the oppressed - women, children, labourers, political workers and people from minority faiths. In 2007, she was put under house arrest for her role in the so-called lawyers' movement, which helped end Pervez Musharraf's dictatorship. She became the first woman president of the country's Supreme Court Bar Association. A fierce defender of democracy and human rights, she knew her subject and her speech featured logic and reason - both biting and funny. Time magazine honoured her through its list of 100 most influential women. She was repeatedly threatened for raising her voice for the voiceless. Several years ago, she had to briefly send her family out of the country following threats. Jahangir had won scores of national and international awards. In Pakistan, she was awarded the Hilal-i-Imtiaz and the Sitara-i-Imtiaz, the second and third highest civilian honours. Internationally, she was awarded the Unesco/Bilbao Prize for the Promotion of a Culture of Human Rights, an Officier de la Légion d'honneur by France, the 2010 Freedom of Worship Award, Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders, the Ramon Magsaysay Award and the Right Livelihood Award in Sweden in 2014. The fiery activist, whose name was virtually synonymous with human rights in Pakistan, will be missed, always and immensely, by all whose lives she touched. She died way too soon! Lodhran by-poll PTI losing popularity even before coming to power: Reham ISLAMABAD: Reham Khan, former wife of Imran Khan, said on Tuesday that the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf faced a heavy defeat in the recent Lodhran by-poll, and its the first time a party is losing popularity even ISLAMABAD: Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) has declared the final results of its Matric program for the Semester Spring, 2017. It has been placed at University’s website. before coming in power. Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz's (PML-N) candidate Iqbal Shah received 113,542 votes, while his competitor, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf's Ali Tareen, contesting his first election on his father, Jahangir Tareen’s seat, got 85,933 votes in the by-election held on Monday. Khan in a video message said that she feels sorry for the party workers and its ideological supporters. AIOU declares results of Matric program Bureau Report H Y D E R A B A D : Christian Peace Alliance Pakistan has said that wine/alcohol was declared Haraam in all religions including Christians but in Pakistan some vested interests were continuing this ugly business under guise of and using name of minorities and playing with lives of innocent Pakistanis. Now that Christian community was observing Lent( fasting days) from ASH 14 February to 1st April According to Controller of Exams, result cards are also being sent by post to all the concerned students at their given addresses. The students can also download their results from the University’s website to apply for continuation of their future study. They are allowed to enroll themselves with the University during the ongoing admissions (Spring 2018-session) that will continue till March 5. Christians demand to close wine shops during the lent 3 SHOs of federal police transferred ISLAMABAD: Federal Police have issued transfer orders of SHOs of three police stations including Karachi Compnay, Secretariat and Sihala in federal capital. According to notification issued by DIG Operations CIA inspector Akhtar Khan has been posted as SHO Karachi company and SHO Karachi company Fayyaz Tanoli has been transferred to CIA. Shaukat Ali, SHO Sihala Police station has been transferred to Rescue-15 and SHO Rural Secretariat Qaisar Niaz has been transferred to Rescue-15. Likewise Shabbir Ahmad Tanoli, sub inspector Kohsar police station has been appointed as SHO Secretariat. Abdul Rauf SUKKUR: Mayor Sukkur Barrister Arsalan Islam Shaikh inaugurated the Online Driving License branch at DIG Office Sukkur. During the conversation with media on the occasion, he said that online driving license is a new technology through which the ordinary persons can make easily online registration sitting at home, which is very beneficial and positive for the public. On the occasion, the Incharge of the online driving license briefed that the online driving license will be taken for academic and driving test and the license will be provided in case of passing. He further added that the standard of commercial and non commercial license For one year the temporary commercial Staff Reporter SHIKARPUR: A joint program was organized by Shikarpur Press Club and Community Action for Development Shikarpur [CARD] to pay tribute to Asma Jahangir, a prominent advocate of Supreme Court of Pakistan, who died owing to cardiac arrest, here on Wednesday. Abdul Salam Unar, (Easter) they have demanded from government and chief justice of Pakistan to order closure of all wine shops in Pakistan (sale and purchase) as mark of respect during fasting season of Christian community of Pakistan. president press club Shikarpur, Iqbal Detho, human rights activists, Deen Muhammad Shaikh, Mian Zafar Alvi, Pervaiz Abro, Nasim Bukhari, Ali Asghar Pahore, Mumtaz Mangi and others highlighted the services rendered by Asma Jahangir and expressed their deep sympathies with bereaved family members. Senior Journalists "Whenever they are in pressure they start attacking people like me," she said, "they consider Nawaz Sharif or Maryam Nawaz behind conspiracies against them. Was selection of Ali Jahanghir Tareen a conspiracy by Nawaz or God forbid suggestion by me." She said that the voters have rejected PTI as the party has deviated from its vision. "You (PTI) have given space to dynastic politics. You have taken all the garbage from other party in yours. PTI was attacking status-quo but today has become its cheap copy," the former journalist said. Khan alleged that three groups within the party has come in public. "It has been proven that you can buy leadership from money but not votes," Khan said. Blacklisted absconder arrested at Allama Iqbal airport LAHORE: A black listed and absconding person coming from Dubai was arrested by immigration staff and handed over to Anti human trafficking circle at the Allama Iqbal Airport on Tuesday. FIA Spokesman said that accused Jasim on his arrival at Lahore from Dubai presented his documents at immigration counter. The Staff during the checking of his documents found that he was black listed and an absconder. They arrested him and handed over to the anti human trafficking circle. TFC made functional at Rescue-15 Liaqat Bagh, Kutchery Facilitation Centre RAWALPINDI: Traffic Facilitation Counter (TFC) have been made functional at Rescue-15 Liaqat Bagh and Facilitation Centre Kutchery to facilitate the citizens. According to media report CTO Shahid Ali Yousu said that City Traffic Police have made TFC functional in Rescue- 15 Liaqat Bagh and Facilitation Centre Kutchery. Tribute pays to Asma Jahangir license will be confirmed after the 90 ninty days, the work on the old including Rahmatullah Soomro, Waheed Phulpoto, Zahid Noon, social activists including Shahnawaz Abro, Mukhtiar Shaikh, Nadir Balcoh, Zafar Channa, and the number of persons belonging to every walk of life was present on the occasion. Candles were also lit to pay homage to Asma Jahangir. Mayor Sukkur inaugurates online driving license branch driving license will continue to be done shortly.
Pentagon asks for major budget increase to confront Russia, China WASHINGTON: The US Defense Department has called on Congress to approve a major budget increase in order to counter “threats” from Russia, China, and North Korea. The Pentagon on Monday asked for a budget of $686 billion to be allocated to military spending in 2019. The requested TEHRAN: Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei has lauded the strong unity among Iran’s Shia and Sunni Muslims despite all enemy attempts to sow discord among them. Ayatollah Khamenei made the remark during a recent meeting in Tehran with a number of officials in charge of a martyrs’ congress in Iran’s southeastern province of Sistan-and- Baluchestan. The Leader described Sistan-and-Baluchestan, along with the provinces of Kordestan and Golestan as the embodiment of Muslim unity and a role model of cooperation and brotherly coexistence for all Shias and Sunnis worldwide. amount is one of the largest in US history, and is also focused on beefing up the country's nuclear arsenal. The budget sees an increase of $80 billion from 2017. On top of the $686 billion budget request was an additional $30 billion for agencies including the Department of Energy, which maintains American Ayatollah Khamenei further called for vigilance among Muslims against divisive enemy schemes. The Leader also highlighted the sacrifices of Sistan-and-Baluchestan’s Sunni Muslims in defending the country over the past decades, citing the US military advantage versus China and Russia could undermine our ability to deter aggression and coercion in key strategic regions,” he added. According to the budget document, Beijing is "using predatory economics to intimidate its neighbors while militarizing features in the South China Sea." China "seeks Indo- Pacific regional hegemony in the near-term," the document claims, but in the long term seeks to "achieve global preeminence" over the United States. The request for more military spending comes as the budget proposed by President Donald Trump’s nuclear weapons. Under-Secretary of Defense David L. Norquist told reporters on Monday that the budget aims to neutralize threats posed by China and Russia which administration “want to shape a world consistent with their own authoritarian intentions.” "We recognize that, if unaddressed, our eroding martyrdom of a teenager during the 1980s Iraqimposed war as well as a cleric at the hands of counter-revolutionary elements as two examples that show "Shia and Sunni brothers in the Islamic Republic are standing shoulder to shoulder on the most arduous includes major cuts for international diplomacy and overseas aid. Promoting his proposal on Monday, Trump said the US military would be the Khamenei hails unity between Iran’s Shia, Sunni Muslims Israeli military trial opens for Palestinian girl hero TEL AVIV: The Israeli military has begun the trial of a Palestinian teenage girl, who gained international fame for slapping an Israeli soldier in the face, behind closed doors. Ahed Tamimi, 17, was taken away from her home by the military last December after a video went viral showing her slapping and punching two Israeli soldiers during a raid on the village of Nabi Saleh, northwest of Ramallah. She has been hailed as a heroine by many Palestinians for bravely TEL AVIV: Israel’s Supreme Court has authorized police to make recommendations regarding the indictment of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on corruption charges, rejecting a petition that had been filed to block those recommendations. standing up to the Israeli military aggression and recognized as a symbol of the Palestinian resistance against the Israeli occupation. Tamimi has been charged with 12 counts -- including assault, stone-throwing, incitement and making threats -- in connection with the events in the video as well as five other incidents. If convicted, she could face a lengthy jail term. A hearing into the case of Tamimi opened at the Ofer military prison in the West Bank village of Betunia on Right-wing attorney Yossi Fuchs had filed the petition last week, asking the top court to prevent police from publicly recommending to the attorney general to indict Netanyahu in the graft probes. The tribunal, however, dismissed the petition on Monday, saying that it had previously passed judgment on the system of recommendations and upheld its lawfulness. “There is no reason to interfere,” read the court ruling, meaning the police recommendations now be forwarded. can Tuesday. The judge ordered journalists and diplomats to leave the courtroom, but the girl's family members were allowed to remain there. Tamimi's lawyer Gaby Lasky criticized the judge for shutting the media and members of the public out of the trial. "They understand that people outside Ofer military court are interested in Ahed's case; they understand that her rights are being infringed and her trial is something that shouldn't be happening." fronts." Thanks to the people’s “faith and sacrifices,” the Islamic Republic has remained resilient in the face of “modern ignorance” despite the sanctions and the enemies’ military and cultural conspiracies, Ayatollah Khamenei noted. NATO chief backs bigger alliance training mission in Iraq BRUSSELS: NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said on Tuesday the alliance was ready to answer a U.S. call for NATO to expand its small training mission in Iraq to support reconstruction of the country after three years of war with Islamic militants. U.S. Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis sent a letter to NATO last month calling for a formal NATO train-andadvise mission, Reuters reported,, part of President Donald Trump’s campaign for the alliance to do more against militants. Stoltenberg’s support is a sign the alliance may be dropping the resistance it put up last year. But the issue remains divisive, with European NATO allies fearing another open-ended foreign assignment after more than a decade inAfghanistan. “We have to win the peace,” Stoltenberg told a news conference, saying he expected NATO defense ministers to start planning for a bigger mission at a meeting in Brussels on Thursday, with a decision to launch the mission in July. strongest it has ever been. Last month, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis warned of “growing threats” from Russia and China, saying the US military’s advantages over the two countries have eroded in recent years. The assessment was part of an unclassified summary of the Pentagon's new National Defense Strategy Mattis unveiled on January 19. "We face growing threats from revisionist powers as different as China and Russia, nations that seek to create a world consistent with their authoritarian models,” he said. "Our military is still strong, yet our competitive edge has eroded in every domain of warfare -- air, land, sea, space and cyberspace -- and is continually eroding," he added. Coalition members must help Iraq rebuild, Tillerson says KUWAIT: The United States urged members of the coalition fighting Islamic State on Tuesday to help rebuild Iraq or risk the reversal of the gains made against the group there. The U.S. leads the coalition and hopes that after a three-year fight to defeat the militants it can count in large part on Gulf allies to shoulder the burden of rebuilding Iraq and on a Saudi-Iraqi rapprochement to weaken Iran’s influence in the country, which is run by a Shi‘ite led government. Islamic State took control of large parts of Iraq and Syria in 2014. Donors and investors have gathered in Kuwait this week to discuss efforts to rebuild Iraq’s economy and infrastructure as it emerges from a devastating conflict with the hardline militants who seized almost a third of the country. Iraq declared victory over Islamic State in December, having taken back all the territory captured by the militants in 2014 and 2015. The fighters have also been largely defeated in neighboring Syria. SJA Jafri Bureau Chief Australia MELBOURNE: The diplomatic efforts from Australian authorities to get Israel to pursue a former Melbourne school principal accused of child sexual abuse were pivotal in leading to her re-arrest, a lawyer representing her alleged victims says. Malka Leifer is accused of abusing several pupils while she was the principal of the ultra-orthodox Adass Israel girls’ school in Elsternwick. BOLLYWOOD: The first official still of Aishwarya Rai Bachchan from her upcoming drama Fanne Khan was released on Tuesday evening. Production house KriArj Entertainment shared the actor’s look on Twitter with the caption, “There are divas and then there is #AishwaryaRaiBachchan.. our shining star! #FanneKhan”. In the still, Aishwarya Rai is seen donning a green military jacket with a stylish black top. The photo suggests that Aish means business. Fanne Khan stars Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Anil Kapoor and Rajkummar Rao in lead roles. The movie is produced by Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra. Fanne Khan has been adapted from the Oscar-nominated film Everybody’s Famous (2000). The original Dutch film’s plotline revolves around a father who goes to extreme lengths to fulfill his daughter’s dream. And by extreme, we mean kidnapping the country’s singing sensation, so that her daughter can take the singer’s place. Here’s Aishwarya’s look from Fanne Khan: Earlier talking about Anil Kapoor’s character, Wednesday, February 14, 2018 International the producer Arjun N. Kapoor had said, “Anil Kapoor plays a character who celebrates the extraordinary in the ordinary and hence looking 5 Fanne Khan: Aishwarya Rai looks like a complete diva in this still ANKARA: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has warned that Washington’s refusal to stop funding the Kurdish militants in Syria will affect Ankara’s decisions, ahead of a visit by US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson this week. Addressing members of his ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) in parliament on Tuesday, Erdogan criticized Washington for supporting militants from the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG). “Our ally’s decision to give financial support to the YPG... will surely affect the decisions we will take,” Erdogan said. Ankara views the YPG as a terrorist organization the part was extremely crucial. He managed to pull it off beautifully and continues to inspire all of us with his dedication and passion.” US funding of Kurdish militants in Syria to impact Turkey’s decisions: Erdogan SEOUL : The friend of former South Korean leader Park Geun-hye who was at the center of an influencepeddling scandal that rocked the country’s business and political elite has been sentenced to 20 years in jail, a Seoul court said on Tuesday. The court also sentenced the chairman of the Lotte Group, the country’s fifthlargest conglomerate, to two years and six months in prison in the same case. Choi Soon-sil, a confidante of Park, was convicted of receiving bribes from South Korean con- and an extension of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) that has been fighting for an autonomous region inside Turkey since 1984. Erdogan’s comments followed the release of the US Department of Defense’s 2019 budget, which includes funds to train and equip local forces purportedly fighting Daesh. Lotte chief and ex-president's friend jailed in South Korea scandal In 2008, when the allegations were first raised, she fled to Israel, and was arrested there six years later when Australia filed an extradition request. She was released on bail but has avoided all of her extradition hearings since then, claiming poor mental health made her too unwell to face court. But overnight Israel authorities revealed Leffer glomerates including Samsung, the world’s biggest maker of smartphones and semiconductors, and the Lotte Group. Park was dismissed from the presidency last March after being impeached and standing trial separately on charges of bribery, abuse of power and coercion. She denies any wrongdoing. Lotte’s chairman, Shin Dong-bin, was in court at the time of the verdict and was taken into custody. Melbourne sex offender re-arrest in Israel Netanyahu is suspected of being involved in bribery, fraud and breach of trust. He has been questioned in two separate cases, involving allegations that he received lavish gifts from wealthy businessmen and negotiated a deal with a newspaper owner for more favorable coverage. He has denied any wrongdoing. Speaking before the court ruling, Fuchs claimed that his petition was a demand for “justice,” but also admitted it was meant to protect Netanyahu’s right-wing administration. A poll conducted by Hadashot TV news last December showed that 60 percent of Israelis say Netanyahu should step down if police recommend an indictment against him. Israelis have been holding weekly protests to was back in custody after an undercover police operation. A lawyer representing some of Leifer's alleged victims, Nick Mazzeo, said his clients were "elated" at the news of the arrest. "The 10 years it's taken is unfortunate, but that things are moving in the right direction is a big plus for everyone involved." Mazzeo said there was "no doubt" numerous appeals from the federal and Victorian governments and other Australian authorities helped keep Israel on the case. Israeli court allows police to call for corruption indictment of PM demand Netanyahu’s resignation over the corruption scandals, but the premier has described the events as part of efforts meant to topple him “at any cost.” Last week, Netanyahu lashed out at Israeli police over their handling of the graft probes. This came after Police Commissioner Roni Alsheich said that officers investigating Netanyahu had been put under pressure.