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Glossary WHAT DOES THAT WORD MEAN? Acute New, immediate, sudden Absorption Transfer of a substance into another area, eg, into the body through skin or mouth ACE inhibitor Medicine used to treat heart and blood pressure problems Adsorption The accumulation of gases, liquids, or solutes on the surface of a solid or liquid Analgesic Pain-relieving medicine Angioedema Rapid swelling of the dermis, subcutaneous, mucosa and submucosal tissues. Airway obstruction and suffocation may result Antipyretic Medicine which reduces fever Antitussive Medicine which helps stop coughing Candidiasis Fungal infection commonly called thrush Cardiac Relating to the heart Chronic Long-term medical condition Congenital anomalies Disease or disorder that is present at birth Congestion Nose, sinuses or chest blocked with mucus; swollen tissue Contraindicated Treatment is inadvisable Emetic A medicine which causes vomiting Expectorant A medicine which loosens chest congestion Diabetes mellitus Chronic high blood glucose, now referred to as type 2 diabetes First-line therapy First choice of medicine for treatment Gastro-oesophageal reflux Acid stomach contents rising up to cause heartburn Haematuria Presence of blood in the urine Heart failure Heart disease Hepatic Relating to the liver Humectant Adds moisture or dampness Hypertension High blood pressure Hyperthyroidism Overactive thyroid gland causing weight loss and nervousness Immunosuppression Loss of the normal immune protection Keratolytic Skin-peeling agent Malaise Feeling of being unwell or not healthy Nocturia Frequent need to arise during the night in order to urinate NSAID Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, used for relief of pain, fever and inflammation Occlusive Sealed, eg, an occlusive dressing Opiate/Opioid Originating from or similar to morphine Papules Red bumps on skin Pharynx Throat area containing openings to both the trachea and the oesophagus Pustules Red bumps with pus, on skin Renal Relating to the kidneys Rhinitis Inflamed, swollen lining of the nose, common when you have a cold Secondary infection Infection which develops from an earlier condition Stools Bowel motion, faeces Subarachnoid haemorrhage Bleeding into the space between the two membranes that surround the brain Topical agent Product applied to the skin Urinary retention Unable to pass urine properly Vesicles Little pimples with clear fluid Welt Raised, pink, itchy patch on skin Page 176 HEALTHCARE HANDBOOK 2017-2018 Common Disorders

Chapter References Acne Kucharska A, Szmurlo A, Sinska B. Significance of diet in treated and untreated acne vulgaris. Advances in Dermatology and Allergology 2016;33(2):81-86. doi:10.5114/ada.2016.59146. Kumari R, Thappa DM. Role of insulin resistance and diet in acne. Indian J Derm Venereol Leprol 2013;79:291-9 Krader C. Energy-based treatment advantages for acne. May 09, 2016. Dermatology Times. http://dermatologytimes.,1&Page=0,1 Oakley A. Acne management. Feb 2014. Dermnet. Tan J. Current Measures for the Evaluation of Acne Severity. Expert review of Dermatology 2008;3(5):595-603. Medscape Allergy Allergy and anaphylaxis guidelines for early childhood services and schools. Allergy NZ. allergynz/files//Allergy%20and%20anaphylaxis%20guidelines%20-%20green.pdf Allergy Overview. Auckland Allergy Clinic. 2016. Anaphylaxis. Allergy New Zealand. Dust mite allergy. Mayo Clinic. The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA). Asthma and COPD Asthma. NZ Formulary. COPD. Mayo Clinic. Living with Asthma. Asthma and Respiratory Foundation of New Zealand 2016 https://www.asthmafoundation. National Respiratory Strategy. Asthma and Respiratory Foundation of New Zealand 2016 https://www. Online Pharmaceutical Schedule. What is COPD. Yarovah Pl et al. Calcium-sensing receptor antagonists abrogate airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation in allergic asthma. Science Translational Medicine, 22 April 2015, doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aaa0282 Baby Feeding Feeding Your Baby. July 2015. Ministry of Health. Gastric reflux. Symptoms. Crying over spilt milk. Keeping baby safe in bed: The first 6 weeks first-6-weeks/keeping-baby-safe-bed-first-6-weeks Low Milk Supply. Baby Pregnancy Nutrition and Baby Feeding Advice. ForBaby Thrush when breastfeeding. Ministry of Health. diseases-and-illnesses/thrush-when-breastfeeding Bites and Stings Bites and Stings. St Johns. Insect bites and stings. Jellyfish stings NZ MOH bites-and-stings/jellyfish-stings Jellyfish stings Auckland Regional Public Health Service. Information/HealthyEnvironments/Factsheets/Recreational%20Water/Jellyfish%20stings/Jellyfish_Stings_Fact_ Sheet.pdf Lions mane jellyfish fact file. Marine wounds and stings. Dermnet NZ. Spider Bites. Dermnet NZ. Bruises, Scars, Spider Veins Keloids & hypertrophic scars Scars. Sclerotherapy. The Northern Clinic Vein centre. Varicose veins and spider veins. emedicine. What are bruises. Nov 2016. NHS Choices. Childhood Diseases and Immunisations Changes to the National Immunisation Schedule. 28 July 2016. Pharmac notification-2016-07-28-immunisation-schedule/ Chapter 12: Meningococcal disease. Immunisation handbook. Ministry of Health. Chickenpox (varicella). DermNet NZ. Fever in children Hepatitis B. Immunisation advisory center HPV Vaccination for boys HPV. The New Zealand HPV Project Immunisation Advisory Centre. Arainga mate. University of Auckland Genital HPV Infection - Fact Sheet Meningococcal disease. Causes & Transmission. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. meningococcal/about/causes-transmission.html New Zealand Immunisation Schedule. immunisation/new-zealand-immunisation-schedule Position Statement on the Use of Paracetamol Around the Time of Immunisation. July 2015. Immunisation Advisory Center. University of Auckland. AdministrationParacetamolImac20150701V02_0.pdf Reclassification of vaccines. Published: 14 January 2016 Committees. Medsafe. class/ReclassificationOfVaccines.asp The Core Health Checks. Well Child provider visit.Well Child Vaccinations. Meningococcal (groups A, C, Y and W-135) congugate. Dec 2016. Online Pharmaceutical Schedule. Vaccines for Meningococcal Disease. The Meningitis Foundation. meningococcal_disease Childhood Pain and Baby Teething Pain in Childhood Special Interest Group The Australian Pain Society. Reducing and eliminating procedural pain related to needles: The Four essential (non-negotiable) components Australian Pain Society Understanding pain and what s to be done about it in 10 minutes Australian pain Society. au/2014/05/22/understanding-pain-and-whats-to-be-done-about-it-in-10-minutes/ Cold Sores Herpes Simplex. DermNetNZ. Herpes simplex virus. Colds Colds. Ministry of Health. Manatu Hauora. diseases-and-illnesses/colds Constipation Constipation. Ministry of Health. Manatu Hauora. Contraception and Erectile Dysfunction Combined oral contraceptive pill. New Zealand family planning. contraception/combined-oral-contraceptive-pill Erectile Dysfunction. Selected topics in Men’s health. BPAC Sep 2010 mens-health.aspx Erectile Dysfunction. Mayo Clinic May 2016 basics/definition/con-20034244 Estrogen and Progestin. Medline Plus. Oral Contraceptives. New Zealand women to have access to regular repeat supplies of oral contraceptives directly from their community pharmacist. Online Pharmaceutical Schedule. Contraception: Emergency Emergency contraception. Emergency Contraception. NZ Family Planning. Emergency Contraception accreditation training. College Education and Training. PSNZ Coughs: Dry Your child’s cough. Kidshealth. Cough-symptoms. NHS choices. Coughs: Productive Alerts/Letters. Use of cough and cold medicines in children – updated advice. Medsafe NZ. hot/alerts/CoughandCold/InfoOct2009.asp Your child’s cough. Kidshealth. Cough-symptoms. NHS choices. Cuts, Abrasions and Blisters Abrasions, Cuts, Lacerations. World of Sports Science. Cuts-Lacerations.html Wound care. Family Health Diary. Cystitis [Bladder Infection] Domenici L, Monti M, Bracchi C, et al. D-mannose: a promising support for acute urinary tract infections in women. A pilot study. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016 Jul;20(13):2920-5. Juthani-Mehta M, Van Ness PH, Bianco L, et al. Effect of Cranberry Capsules on Bacteriuria Plus Pyuria Among Older Women in Nursing Homes. A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2016;316(18):1879-1887. doi:10.1001/ jama.2016.16141 Kranjčec B1, Papeš D, Altarac S. D-mannose powder for prophylaxis of recurrent urinary tract infections in women: a randomized clinical trial. World J Urol. 2014 Feb;32(1):79-84. doi: 10.1007/s00345-013-1091-6. Lee BSB, Bhuta T, Simpson JM,Craig JC. Methenamine hippurate for preventing urinary tract infections. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD003265. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003265.pub3. O'Kane DB, Dave SK, Gore N, et al. Urinary alkalisation for symptomatic uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD010745. DOI: 10.1002/14651858. CD010745.pub2 Trimethoprim accreditation training. College Education and Training. PSNZ Urinary Tract Infection. Health Navigator New Zealand. Dandruff Dandruff Mayo Clinic. Dandruff: How to treat. American Academy of Dermatology. DE Angelis YM, Gemmer CM, Kaczvinsky JR, et al. Three etiologic facets of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis: Malassezia fungi, sebaceous lipids, and individual sensitivity. Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Symposium Proceedings. 2005. 10(3):295–57. Seborrhoeic dermatitis and eczema. DermNetNZ. Dermatitis/Eczema Allergic Contact Dermatitis. DermNet NZ. Atopic dermatitis. DermNet NZ. Cradle cap (infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis) DermNetNZ Dermatitis (Eczema) DermNet NZ Dry skin. DermNet NZ. Fonacier L et al. Contact Dermatitis: A Practice Parameter Update 2015. MediaLibrary/PDF%20Documents/Practice%20and%20Parameters/Contact-dermatitis-2015.pdf Seborrhoeic dermatitis and eczema. DermNet NZ. The causes of atopic eczema. DermNet NZ. Diabetes Diabetes NZ. Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes. American Diabetes Association. content/38/Supplement_1/S8.full Risk factors. Diabetes. Mayo Clinic. con-20033091 Page 177

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