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Managementof

DifferentProject:

A Literature

Review Sample

Abstract

Throughouttheyears,especialyrecently,previousprojectshavebeen

implemented as a delivery mechanism which does business while

accomplishingtheirobjectives.Thereisnodoubtthatitwilultimately

becomeoneofthebestandthefastestgrowingtypesofprofessionsinthe

wholeworld.Eventhoughtheunderstandingofwhatactualyconstitutesa

project,andwhatdoesnot,continuestobecomeatopicwhichisinvolvedin

debates.Thispaperwilatempttopresentaliteraturesearchonwhata

projectis,itscharacteristics,classification,phases,lifecycleandtools.

LiteratureReview

Eachoneofusplayaroleasamanagerofdifferentprojects.From therole

ofahousewife,afinancialanalyst,toaproductionemployee,wealworkon

ourownsetoftasks.Thesetaskscomewiththeirowndeadlines.Regardless

ofthetypeofjobthatyouhaveorthetasksyouhaveathand,wealwork

onspecifictasksthataredescribedasunique,involvingpeoplewhodonot

typicalyworktogetheringeneralsituations.Theprojectmaybeboundwith

asimpleobjectivewhichdoesnotneedalotofpeopleorahugeamountof

resources,oritmayturnouttobequitecomplex,requiringtheneedfor

peoplewithdiverseskils,andalotofresources,especialyfinancialy.


Managementof

DifferentProject:

A Literature

Review Sample

WhatisaProject?

Eventhoughthereareanumberofdefinitionsofprojectsacross

differentreviews,oneofthebesthasbeenpresentedbyThompson

(1985),stating:“Aprojectreferstoanorganizationinvolvingpeoplewho

arededicatedtoaparticularobjectiveorpurpose.Theseprojects

typicalyinvolveexpensive,large,highrisk,oruniqueundertakings

whichneedstobecompletedatacertaindate,foraspecificbudget,

andsomerequiredperformancelevel.Ataminimum,theseprojects

havetobepresentedwithwel-definedobjectives,aswelassufficient

resourcesinordertoperform aloftherequiredtasks.

InlinewiththedefinitionthatisprovidedbyPrahar&Sim (1990),which

hasbeenacceptedwiththepurposeofresearch,aprojectmaybe

definedaccordingtothesecharacteristics:

1.Apre-determinedstartandend(timeofcompletion)

2.Apre-determinedsetofgoals(expectations)

3.Aseriesofinterelatedorcomplexactivities

4.Aspecifiedbudget

Dilon&Lhuilier(2005)alsorevieweddifferentprojectmanagement

literaturewhichareoutlinedasasetofdimensionsforevaluationwhich

regularlyappeareventhoughnotaccordingtothesameoccurence:

1.Respecttotraditionalconstraints

2.Clientsatisfaction

3.Satisfactionofobjectivesaspre-determinedviathelogicalframework


Managementof

DifferentProject:

A Literature

Review Sample

CharacteristicsofaProject

ProjectOrientedCompany(POC)isanorganizationwhichdefinesvarious

complexprocesses,managingaprojectportfoliothatinvolvesvarious

typesofprojects.Italsohasaspecificandpermanentorganizationinorder

toofferintegrativefunctions,applyingaNewManagementParadigm.Italso

comeswithanexplicitprojectmanagementculture,perceivingitselfas

somethingthatisdescribedasproject-oriented.Assuch,POCscomewith

specific processes,including projectassignment,programs,program

management,projectmanagement,qualitymanagementofprogramsand

projects,projectportfolio coordination,personnelmanagementand

networkinginbetweenprojects.

Conclusion

Aspresentedinthisliteraturereview,wecansummarizethatdifferent

projectsarenaturalyunique,andmuchofthesuccessdependsonthe

industry,location,size,complexity,nature,businessenvironmentandmore,

inwhichtheyoperate.Thetruthappearsastheconceptinvolving“onesize

doesnotfital”.Itisalsoagoodpointtobeginwithincertainsituations.

References

Thompson,H.D.(1985).Implementationanddevelopmentofeffectivecontrolsystemsandprojectmanagement

information,Projectmanagementhandbook,12(2),495-567.

Prahar,Y.&Sim,P.(1990).ProjectSuccess:MeasurementTechniquesandDefinition.Projectmanagementjournal,

34(5),45-57.

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