9 months ago

Advice for the Muslim

ADVICE FOR THE MUSLIM Brief passages from the reputed books of ahl as-sunnat scholars are quoted for refuting corrupt Wahhabi and la-madhhabiyya beliefs.

Imâm Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Imâm Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ), in order to attain this ma’rifa, although he was at a high degree in knowledge and ijtihâd, ran to be in the service of Hadrat Bishr al-Hâfî (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ). When he was asked why he kept close to Bishr al-Hâfî, he answered, ‘He knows Allah better than I do.’ [1] “Al-Imâm al-a’zam Abu Hanîfa (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ) gave up the work of ijtihâd in his last years. He attended Hadrat Ja’far as-Sâdiq’s (rahimah-Allahu ta’âlâ) suhba for two years. When he was asked why he had done so, he answered, ’Nu’mân [2] would have perished if it weren’t for those two years.’ Although both the imâms [Abu Hanîfa and Ahmad ibn Hanbal] were at ultimately high grades in knowledge and ’ibâdât, they went to the superiors of tasawwuf and attained ma’rifa and its fruit, îmân al-haqîqî. Was there another ’ibâda more valuable than ijtihâd? Was there a deed superior to teaching and disseminating Islam? Leaving these aside, they clung to, embraced the service of the superiors of tasawwuf, and thus attained ma’rifa. “The value of a’mâl (deeds) and ’ibâdât is measured with the degree of îmân. The brilliance of ’ibâdât depends on the amount of ikhlâs. The more perfect îmân becomes, the more ikhlâs is attained, and deeds become all the more glorious and acceptable. The perfection of îmân and completion of ikhlâs depends on ma’rifa. Since ma’rifa and real belief depend on the attainment of fanâ’ and death-before-death, the perfection of îmân is as much as one’s fanâ’. It must be for this reason that it was declared in a hadîth ash-sharîf that Hadrat Abu Bakr as-Siddîq’s (radî- Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh) îmân was superior to all other Muslims’ îmân: ‘ ’Abu Bakr’s îmân, if weighed against the îmân of all my umma, [1] The Wahhâbite book, on page 109, writes, “Imâm Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal’s pedigree links on to that of Rasûlullâh’s at Nizar ibn Mu’âdh. He was the most superior scholar of his time in fiqh and hadîth. He was at a very high level in warâ’ and in following the Sunna. He was born in Baghdad in 164 and died there in 241 A.H.” It is written in Farîd ad-dîn al-Attâr’s (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ) Persian Tadhkirat al-awliyâ’ that Ahmad ibn Hanbal attended the lectures of many mashayikhs, for example, Dhu ’n-Nûn al-Misrî’s and Bishr al-Hâfî’s (150-227). A crippled woman sent her son to Imâm Ahmad and asked him to pray for her. The Imâm performed an ablution (wudû’) and salât and prayed. The son found his mother welcoming him at the gate when he returned home. She recovered her health through the blessing of Imâm Ahmad’s prayer. [2] Hadrat al-Imâm al-A’zam’s name was Nu’mân. – 30 –

would weigh more,’ for he was the most advanced of all the Umma in fanâ’. The hadîth ash-sharîf, ‘The one who wants to see a walking corpse must look at Abu Quhâfa’s son,’ confirms this. All the Sahâbat al-kirâm (radî-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhum ajma’în) had attained to the degree of fanâ’. The preference of Abu Bakr as- Siddîq’s fanâ’ in this hadîth shows that his degree of fanâ’ was very high.” Imâm Muhammad Ma’sûm (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ) declares in the 106th letter of the second volume: “Repeat the beautiful word ‘Lâ ilâha illa’llâh’ many, many times! Perform this dhikr with your heart! This blessed word is very beneficial in clearing the heart. Everything but Allâhu ta’âlâ is annihilated when half of this beautiful word is uttered, and the existence of the true ma’bûd (who is worshipped) is announced when the remaining half is said. And sair and sulûk, that is, advance on the way of tasawwuf, are for attaining these two. It was declared in a hadîth sharîf, ‘The most valuable word is Lâ ilâha illa’llâh.’ Do not be in the company of many people! Worship much! Cling tightly to Rasûlullâh’s Sunna! Avoid bida’ and men of bida’ very much! Both the good and the wicked can do good deeds, but solely the siddîqs abstain from bad things. “You question whether it is malign for the wayfarer on the way of tasawwuf to wear very expensive clothes obtained in a halâl way. The things in the hands or on the body of the one whose heart has attained to the degree of fanâ’ and has no interest in anything except Allâhu ta’âlâ do not prevent his heart from the dhikr. His heart has no relation with his exterior organs. Even his sleep is not an obstacle to his heart’s work. It is not so with the one who has not been able to attain to the degree of fanâ’, and his exterior, visible organs, do have a connection with his heart. However, it cannot be said that his wearing new, expensive clothes is an obstacle to his heart’s work. Great guides of Islam, the imâms of Ahl al-Bait, al-Imâm al-a’zam Abu Hanîfa and ’Abd al-Qâdir al-Jîlânî (rahimahum-Allâhu ta’âlâ) wore very expensive clothes. The books Khazânat ar-riwâya, Matâlib almu’minîn and Dhahîra report that Rasûlullâh (sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallâm) wore a jubba (long gown with full sleeves) which was worth a thousand dirhams of silver. He was seen performing salât wearing a jubba worth four thousand dirhams. Al-Imâm al-a’zam Abu Hanîfa (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ) advised his disciples to wear new and valuable clothes. Hadrat Abu Sa’îd al-khudrî was asked what his opinion about changes and new – 31 –

  • Page 1 and 2: Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1
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  • Page 27 and 28: Rasûlullâh (sall-Allâhu ta’âl
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    prohibited in a hadîth ash-sharîf

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    First of all, we have to say that h

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    and khalk (creatures, human beings)

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    heart is not broken by the one who

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    knowledge causes grave sins to be f

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    forty persons.’ The hadîth ash-s

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    ordered Husain (radî-Allâhu ta’

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    month Dhu’l-Hijja]. Fudail ibn

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    Shihâb ad-dîn as-Suhrawardî [1]

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    person is not a walî. He is a poss

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    Without any sound, ‘Allah, Allah.

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    wa ’t-taslîmât) had requested A

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    The lâ-madhhabî author thinks Ibn

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    which, after saying, ‘It can be m

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    cannot find in Rasûlullâh’s sun

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    tasawwuf will help their followers

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    understand’; ‘Indeed the posses

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    Rasûlullâh (sall-Allâhu ta’âl

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    Hanafî, who passed away in 1119 A.

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    Tahâwî by Sa’îd ibn Mas’ûd.

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    elonged to the Hanafî madhhab. The

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    The author of this book confuses th

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    obeyed. Our knowledge and madhhab a

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    [who passed away in Damascus in 205

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    end of the subject on ‘murtadd’

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    23 - The lâ-madhhabî author write

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    him his wish or relieve him of trou

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    In the grave there are blessings or

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    ’ulamâ’ unanimously. It is wri

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    declared, “Anyone who has seen me

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    Then he leaned against the grave. H

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    which says that the dead do know. I

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    (818)], and in that by [Abu Muhamma

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    fi ’l-Imâm al-Ahmad, “It is no

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    mean nothing if the dead did not se

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    the right path as You have made us

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    meet one another.” The Hanafî

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    ta’âlâ ’anh) as saying, “Wh

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    These hadîths reveals that Allâhu

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    interpretation of [Qâdî ’Abdull

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    with my white beard. He declared He

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    is, by taking them as causes and me

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    A hadîth sharîf says, “Our sick

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    There are so many hadîths which co

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    and planted them on the graves. ‘

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    awliyâ’ are [or stem] from the s

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    whenever he visited her. She would

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    A qâri’, that is, a hâfiz, was

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    his wife by tayy al-makân. It is p

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    Power, that his own will and power

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    death. This is because the one who

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    (baraka) and tawassul from awliyâ

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    Muslim while ninety-nine of them sh

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    elated by ad-Dailamî (rahmat-Allâ

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    it can be concluded from the beginn

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    Everyone who says that he is a Musl

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    Allâhu ta’âlâ) become visible

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    prominent people of those four best

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    “The visitor turns his face to th

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    in the name of a person other than

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    knowledge just as he is ignorant in

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    has a wrong intention? Only Allâhu

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    e permissible for them to accept al

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    sharîf prohibits the performance o

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    indicates that this deed is permiss

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    eceive blessings or asks help from

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    “As for making nadhr for awliyâ

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    Hazm hated him. They disliked his i

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    those who keep away from those who

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    news that they would be martyred. T

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    ‘walking.’ That author tries to

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    Jazrî, who passed away in 833 A.H.

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    sinful.’ [Doing such harâm thing

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    such a deed does not deserve any th

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    also becomes harâm. Nevertheless,

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    of belief from six to ten. The book

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    oneself as non-existent and become

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    ’ibâda to keep company with ’

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    declared, “Ask the ones in graves

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    progress on the way of tasawwuf.

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    Besides, it was declared, ‘If oth

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    Believers more. Allâhu ta’âlâ

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    declared, ‘I dreamt that many peo

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    attained through wilâya. The above

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    eing useful.] Allâhu ta’âlâ de

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    “The ’ulamâ’ of the Ahl as-S

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    sallam) grave are to have wudû, to

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    undertaken. How would you explain t

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    “Somebody was recommended to atte

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    not be punished [for it in the next

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    did not think of spending that much

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    Rasûlullâh (sall-Allâhu ’alaih

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    Sahâbat al-kirâm (ridwân-Allâhi

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    Allâhu ta’âlâ’s awliyâ’ (

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    Divine Light. The ignoramuses who t

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    ‘There are as many ways of approa

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    that is, those who believe as those

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    prophets, angels, companions of You

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    He wrote what he learned from the B

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    well-documented books in refutation

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    worshipped and are not gods or All

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    Hadrat ’Umar took Hadrat ’Abbâ

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    Muslim believes that Allah is the o

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    his heart on increasing the taste o

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    such things in the Prophet’s time

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    if you want to save your lives,”

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    ‘It will bring ascent, do not gri

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    Ayyûb Sabrî Pasha (rahimah-Allâh

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    agreement with his enemies. You, to

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    to the heavens because of his corre

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    after capturing al-Makkat al-Mukarr

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    egged him much to forgive them and

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    world over a millennium. The fire o

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    to the Hijaz again to inspect and c

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    Muhammad ’Alî Pasha. [1] After t

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    They robbed and killed the pilgrims

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    paper Son Sâ’at in Istanbul on S

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    If it were not for the Turkish Inde

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    Amîr [Sharîf Husain Pasha]. There

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    ecorded in the presence of the judg

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    which is intended to execute the w

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    loyal to this unconscious, stupid a

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    spoiling the faith and morals of Mu

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    Quds (Jerusalem) to the Ka’ba in

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    y the ’ulamâ’ of the four madh

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    inspired (ilhâm) to the heart. Ima

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    forgotten. Their lights have been c

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    martyrs do not rot, either. Al-Imâ

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    ahl: people; Ahl al-Bait (an- Nabaw

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    the hearts of awliyâ’. ma’rûf

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    Bangsamoro Students Union Pakistan

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    - 351 -

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