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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

List of Figures Figure

List of Figures Figure 1: SWOT Analysis by the Governorate of Luxor for the 2032 strategic plan…………………. .......................... 19 Figure 2: Calculation principle of the inventory .................................................................................................... 31 Figure 3: Considered themes in BEI (%tCO2eq/year) – City of Luxor, Governorate of Luxor 2015 ........................ 32 Figure 4: Final Energy/year (2015) ........................................................................................................................ 37 Figure 5: Energy consumption per sector and type of resources in the city of Luxor (2015) ................................. 38 Figure 6: GHG emissions – Luxor (2015)................................................................................................................ 39 Figure 7: GHG emissions per sector and type of resources in the city of Luxor (2015) ......................................... 39 Figure 8: Governorate Assets Services – Luxor (2015) .......................................................................................... 41 Figure 9: Governorate of Luxor Energy consumption, annual cost (2015) ............................................................ 41 Figure 10: GHG emissions in city of Luxor, Governorate of Luxor – BAU .............................................................. 42 Figure 11: Impression of the City of Luxor, West bank and its heritage sites........................................................ 45 Figure 12: Administrative boarders of the city of Luxor, Governorate of Luxor .................................................... 46 Figure 13: Sustainable energy and climate action plan (SECAP) framework for the City of Luxor ........................ 48 Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: December – January – February; spring: March – April – May; summer: June – July – August; autumn: September – October – November) mean temperature (oC, panels A-D) and total precipitation (mm per season, panels E-H) maps for the period 1961 -1990 based on CRU data - Source: Lionello, 2012 ................................................................................................................................................ 77 Figure 15: Multi Global Model Ensemble (MGME) average change in surface air temperature for the four seasons, 2071–2100 minus 1961–1990. Units are °C. DJF is December–January–February, MAM is March– April–May, JJA is June–July–August, SON is September–October–November .............................................. 77 Figure 16: Classification of climate change impacts on cities ............................................................................... 79 Figure 17: Classification Climate change impacts on Cities - Egypt ...................................................................... 80 Figure 18: Climate data (Mean Temperature and Precipitation Level (year 2000- 2012), Luxor .......................... 91 Figure 19: Climate data (Mean Temperature and Precipitation Level (year 2016 - 2017), Luxor ......................... 92 Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a,b), warm nights (c,d), cool days (e,f) and warm days (g,h) for Egypt over the period 1960 to 2003 relative to 1961-1990. Source: UK Met Office, 2011................................................... 93 Figure 21: Total annual precipitation for Egypt over the period 1960 to 2003 relative to 1961-1990 from HadEX (Alexander et. al, 2006). ................................................................................................................................ 93 Figure 22: Climate scenarios for the city of Luxor 1980-2003, 2050 & 2080 ........................................................ 95 Figure 23: Climate scenarios for the city of Luxor 1980-2003, 2050 & 2080 ........................................................ 95 Figure 24: Risk assessment figure in case of climate data availability - Luxor .................................................... 110 8

List of tables Table 1: Emission factors used for fossil fuel and electricity ................................................................................. 33 Table 2: Total waste in the City of Luxor (2015) .................................................................................................... 36 Table 3: Non-energetic emission produced from animal in the City of Luxor (2015) ............................................ 36 Table 4: Final Energy consumption/ year - Luxor .................................................................................................. 37 Table 5: Energy consumption per sector and per energy in the City of Luxor (2015) ............................................ 38 Table 6: GHG emission/ year - Luxor ..................................................................................................................... 39 Table 7: GHG emissions per sector and energy sector in the city of Luxor (2015) ................................................ 40 Table 8: Energy consumption and annual cost for Luxor assets ........................................................................... 40 Table 9: Energy consumption per sector and per energy in the City of Luxor (2015) ............................................ 42 Table 10: Ranking of climate change vulnerabilities in Egypt (OECD) .................................................................. 85 Table 11: Scenario Day (1 July) – City of Luxor ...................................................................................................... 94 Table 12: Climate Change Risks by Sectors – Luxor ............................................................................................... 96 Table 13: Governorate’s (Municipality’s) score in the Adaptation Cycle Specific Steps (SECAP template and JRC guidelines) – Luxor ........................................................................................................................................ 97 Table 14: Hazard types in general for the Maghreb and Mashreq countries ....................................................... 98 Table 15: Vulnerability analysis (based on the Future Cities Adaptation Compass tool) .................................... 100 Table 16: Suggested template for the risk assessment (1-3), the City of Luxor has a river not a sea ................. 106 Table 17: Risk assessment of receptors - city of Luxor, Governorate of Luxor .................................................... 109 Table 17: Suggested adaptation actions for population and public health – City of Luxor ................................. 119 Table 18: Suggested adaptation actions for infrastructure – City of Luxor ......................................................... 119 Table 19: Suggested adaptation actions for built environment – City of Luxor .................................................. 120 Table 20: Suggested adaptation actions for economy – City of Luxor ................................................................ 121 Table 21: Suggested adaptation actions for biodiversity – City of Luxor ............................................................ 121 9

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents Executive Summary
  • Page 7 and 8: 4.3. Renewable energy development .
  • Page 9: 2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu
  • Page 13 and 14: Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an
  • Page 15 and 16: Section I: Governorate climate and
  • Page 17 and 18: (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u
  • Page 19 and 20: implementing the NEEAP and using sm
  • Page 21 and 22: previously set by H.E. General Fara
  • Page 23 and 24: 8. Construct 4500 housing units in
  • Page 25 and 26: 2. Promote the integration of energ
  • Page 27 and 28: The SEAU will be in charge of all G
  • Page 29 and 30: To ensure the success of project im
  • Page 31 and 32: Financing the SECAP The Governorate
  • Page 33 and 34: consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.
  • Page 35 and 36: 1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e
  • Page 37 and 38: Value provided Method Final value E
  • Page 39 and 40: * Emissions from livestock and anim
  • Page 41 and 42: average emissions per capita in Egy
  • Page 43 and 44: 10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui
  • Page 45 and 46: Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4
  • Page 47 and 48: Figure 11: Impression of the City o
  • Page 49 and 50: 4. Planned actions for the city of
  • Page 51 and 52: This commitment to act on its own p
  • Page 53 and 54: EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering
  • Page 55 and 56: places and avenues where the new li
  • Page 57 and 58: - Get a good understanding of the b
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    only possible when real alternative

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    155 boats with an average fuel cons

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    Luxor and, by the way, a very effic

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    4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    the installation of ordinary lamps

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    - Staff training needs: Coordinatio

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    - Coordinate with the road manageme

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    2.2.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    3.1. Template Identification of CAP

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    expected in %. 2- Reduce carbon emi

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    staff and household owners and mana

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    Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre

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    References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Eg

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    Climate Change Legislation in Egypt

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    Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..

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    1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of

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    2 3 (1) Heritage Sites (2) Agricult

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    Consequently, the following will be

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    - Tourism and Heritage problem Lack

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    The introduction of the by road, Lu

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    the constant stream of tourists has

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    Uncoordinated designation for herit

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    d) To mitigate visiting risks throu

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    from the SCA tourist info. Center s

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    - Awareness campaign for SCA staff

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    Provide comfortable environment fri

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    After minimising trips by 40 per ce

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    Public-Private-Partnerships (availa

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    to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean

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    5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was

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    Phase 2: Continue with the rest of

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    5.1.5. Environmental public awarene

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    • Spreading information and train

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    Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D

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    5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions

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    Component 1: Select and formulate t

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    6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra

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    Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxo

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