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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

Executive Summary The

Executive Summary The Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP) is a strategic document as well as an operational tool. It defines a global framework, with quantifiable objectives to be reached by 2020, based on emissions reference inventory (BEI) and the detailed assessment of energy consumption for the City of Luxor – Governorate of Luxor, Egypt. The SECAP is part of the CES-MED (Cleaner Energy Saving Mediterranean Cities) project, funded by the European Union and aims at developing the SECAP in resonance with the already existing strategies for the participating cities and governorates. This SEACP – CES-MED project is pursued and coordinated with the National Committee at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFAs) – the National Focal Point, in collaboration with the Ministry of Local Development (MoLD) and in close coordination with Governorate of Luxor and key directorates of the concerned ministries at the Governorate of Luxor. The SECAP structure document includes four sections: Section I: Section II: Section III: Section IV: Governorate Climate and Energy Strategy Baseline Emission Inventory Action Planned Climate Action Adaptation Section I: Governorate climate and Energy Strategy This section presents the national strategy and the main ambitions and framing regulations. It highlights the sectorial policies, mainly in the energy efficiency in the building sector, including sustainable lighting, renewable energy development as well as the national transport strategy and the tourism targets. It also highlights the strategic vision for sustainable energy of the Governorate of Luxor and the City of Luxor. In addition, it presents the SWOT analysis done by the Governorate for assessing the current situation and analysing future opportunities regarding their strategic plans. The section also showcases the guiding principles for the municipal strategy on sustainable energy and the vision and objectives of the city of Luxor addressing the short-term objectives 2020 and the medium and long-term objectives 2030. Moreover, it exhibits the capacity reinforcement in terms of training actions and awareness-raising actions. Finally, this section establishes the organisational aspects mainly: a) the organisational structure to implement the SECAP; b) the role of the municipal council; c) local and national coordination; d) Citizen Awareness Promotion Plan (CAPP) to educate and inform the local population and stakeholders by the Governorate of Luxor the and SECAP CES-MED Team; e) budget and foreseen financing sources for the investments within the action plan; and f) financing the SECAP. Section II: Baseline Emission Inventory This section of the SECAP presents the Baseline Emission Inventory (BEI) of the City of Luxor, Governorate of Luxor, Egypt. The BEI, which is part of the preparation for the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP), is based on calculation not a measure. It includes the scope and methodological principles of the Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions of the City of Luxor based on data collection from the Governorate of Luxor and many other national and governmental entities. The BEI covers many sectors such as: a) Residential building; b) Tertiary building and Public lighting; c) 10

Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste and water management; f) Agriculture (crops, animal production and fishing); and g) Tourism. This section also depicts the results of energy consumption and GHG emissions for these sectors. Results indicated that Transport and Residential building sectors are the highest in terms of annual energy consumption followed by Tourism and Tertiary sectors. In addition, it highlights the Governorate assets and energy consumption and GHG emissions (Governorate buildings, Governorate fleet and water and waste management). Finally, it presents the BAU scenario forecasts and the important rise of emissions from 2015 till 2020 and the stabilisation till 2030. Section III: Actions Planned This section presents the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan that has been developed by the Governorate of Luxor in coordination with Transitions Team. The proposed actions have been designed on the basis of the baseline emission and energy consumption inventory. This section is structured in three parts: a) Background information, including a brief overview of basic information on the city of Luxor; b) Governorate buildings and services and presenting the activities that fall under the direct responsibility of the Governorate of Luxor (the buildings it manages and the services it implements as part of its core competencies); and c) the action plans on the City of Luxor – including presentation of activities that can be run by stakeholders independently from the Governorate, but need to be stimulated and steered by the Governorate services in order to ensure everyone is acting within a consistent plan. In addition, this section highlights the priority actions for the City of Luxor – Governorate of Luxor as follows: Priority Action #1 – Transport: Urban Sustainable Mobility Master Plan Priority Action #2 – Transport and Tourism: Sustainable and Green Boats Priority Action #3 – Sustainable Approach of Residential Buildings Priority Action #4 – Tourism and Energy: Green and Sustainable Hotels and Resorts Facilities Priority Action #5 – Sustainable Approach of Governorate Buildings Section IV: Climate Action Adaptation This chapter aims at providing Climate Action for internal guidance to the Governorate of Luxor (Municipality) regarding the vulnerability of climate change, climate risk assessment and climate adaptation. The proposed structure of this section has been developed based on extensive literature review. This section gives an introduction to climate change impacts, particularly in Mediterranean countries with emphasis on Egypt, mainly urban areas, costal zones, agriculture, water and ecosystems, health and Tourism. It also highlights the national and regional strategy on Climate Change Adaptation (CCA). This is followed by a sub-section dedicated to climate data feeding in estimations of the climate change impacts in the future, as well as the evolution of the climate conditions in the area (temperature increase, rainfalls etc.). In addition, the adaptation scoreboard including a selfassessment from the Governorate of Luxor against the standard adaptation scoreboard in the SECAP template is also presented. This section also focuses on the climate data and climate change projections with a climate overview in Luxor highlighting the main climate trends. It highlights the climate change risks by sectors in the City of Luxor and the Governorate’s score in the adaptation cycle specific steps. Section IV also presents the risk analysis and vulnerability assessment that, based on 11

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents Executive Summary
  • Page 7 and 8: 4.3. Renewable energy development .
  • Page 9 and 10: 2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu
  • Page 11: List of tables Table 1: Emission fa
  • Page 15 and 16: Section I: Governorate climate and
  • Page 17 and 18: (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u
  • Page 19 and 20: implementing the NEEAP and using sm
  • Page 21 and 22: previously set by H.E. General Fara
  • Page 23 and 24: 8. Construct 4500 housing units in
  • Page 25 and 26: 2. Promote the integration of energ
  • Page 27 and 28: The SEAU will be in charge of all G
  • Page 29 and 30: To ensure the success of project im
  • Page 31 and 32: Financing the SECAP The Governorate
  • Page 33 and 34: consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.
  • Page 35 and 36: 1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e
  • Page 37 and 38: Value provided Method Final value E
  • Page 39 and 40: * Emissions from livestock and anim
  • Page 41 and 42: average emissions per capita in Egy
  • Page 43 and 44: 10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui
  • Page 45 and 46: Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4
  • Page 47 and 48: Figure 11: Impression of the City o
  • Page 49 and 50: 4. Planned actions for the city of
  • Page 51 and 52: This commitment to act on its own p
  • Page 53 and 54: EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering
  • Page 55 and 56: places and avenues where the new li
  • Page 57 and 58: - Get a good understanding of the b
  • Page 59 and 60: energy conservation, energy efficie
  • Page 61 and 62: only possible when real alternative
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    155 boats with an average fuel cons

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    Luxor and, by the way, a very effic

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    4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    the installation of ordinary lamps

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    - Staff training needs: Coordinatio

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    - Coordinate with the road manageme

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    2.2.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    3.1. Template Identification of CAP

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    expected in %. 2- Reduce carbon emi

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    staff and household owners and mana

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    Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre

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    References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Eg

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    Climate Change Legislation in Egypt

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    Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..

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    1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of

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    2 3 (1) Heritage Sites (2) Agricult

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    Consequently, the following will be

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    - Tourism and Heritage problem Lack

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    The introduction of the by road, Lu

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    the constant stream of tourists has

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    Uncoordinated designation for herit

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    d) To mitigate visiting risks throu

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    from the SCA tourist info. Center s

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    - Awareness campaign for SCA staff

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    Provide comfortable environment fri

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    After minimising trips by 40 per ce

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    Public-Private-Partnerships (availa

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    to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean

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    5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was

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    Phase 2: Continue with the rest of

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    5.1.5. Environmental public awarene

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    • Spreading information and train

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    Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D

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    5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions

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    Component 1: Select and formulate t

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    6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra

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    Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxo

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