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8 months ago

280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

- National

- National Environmental, Economic and Development Study – NEEDS (2010), and - Egyptian Pollution Abatement Programme – EPAP, EEAA (2007– 2012). Plans - Transport Master Plan 2012-2027 – MINTS, and - National Low Carbon Economy Plan – NLCEP. Plan and programmes - Climate Change - Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan – UNDP and MoEnv (2015), - Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures – CCAMM, - Climate Change Action Plan – CCAP, - Climate Change Risk Management Programme – CCRMP, - National Action Plan for Adaptation – NAPA, and - Climate Change Risk Management Programme – CCRMP, MoEnv (2013). Initiatives - Low Emission Capacity Building – UNDP, MoEnv and EEAA (2013 – 2016), - Resilient Cities Acceleration Initiative - RCAI (2015), - Environment - Air and Water Quality, JICA and MoEnv (2006 – 2016), and - Green Tourism Unit – GTU (2014). Governorate and Municipal vision and strategy The Governorate of Luxor developed a Green City Strategy 2030 - GCS “Luxor the Heritage City of the World” that was launched on June 14, 2014. The GCS 2030 recommendations were also cemented by the Green City Protocol signed by more than 45 key stakeholders. However, the implementation road map of the GCS has not been published yet. The Governorate of Luxor also joined the Resilient Cities Acceleration Initiative (RCAI) in its 3 rd phase with the objective to assist selected cities to be more resilient in confronting environmental challenges and counterbalance the impact of CC risks to socioeconomic life 60 . Keeping in mind its specific values and the local context, the City of Luxor develops a strategy consistent with Egypt’s Vision 2030, Energy Strategy 2035 and National SDS 2030. This strategy is structured around two folds: - Reduce energy consumption in all sectors through energy conservation and efficiency, in order to provide better services while reducing costs and impacts, and - Promote energy production from locally available renewable resources in order to cover as far as possible energy needs from these decarbonised sources. As the vulnerability analysis of the City of Luxor – Governorate of the Luxor indicates among 10 receptors including tourists is ranked the second highest risk (level 2) in terms of probability and impact. The City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxor developed and announced a Strategic Plan 2017, which promotes many projects in the areas of infrastructure. The strategy is centred on the objective of promoting Luxor as a green city. Within this strategy promoting clean and green transport system and sustainable water mobility 60 http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/09/RESILIENCE-Resilient-Cities- Acceleration-Initiative.pdf 126

in the Nile river is absolutely central to reduce energy consumption and lower CO 2 emissions that impacts air quality and the climate. In addition, the Governorate also intends to support the plan by informing and raising awareness of all Governorate staff and citizens on the impact of climate change, upcoming risks and adaptation actions, as well as the importance of applying sustainable energy measures. Priority action #1 – Urban Sustainable Mobility Master Plan, is in-line with the City of Luxor vision and strategy. Principal partners and stakeholders • Governorate of Luxor – City of Luxor (Municipality) • City Council represented by the Governor • Ministry of Local Development • Traffic Department, Ministry of Interior • General Organisation of Physical Planning (GOPP) • Ministry of Environment Contact person in the local authority Ramadan Seddik, Director of Environmenta Affairs, Governorate of Luxor Mohamed Salah, Head of Traffic Department – Ministry of Interior, Luxor Process • Preliminary Mobility Master Plan (MMP) submission and approval, • GOPP review and approve the SCGUMMP to study its impact on land use, urban density and taxation, • Expert meeting (Local Municipality Environment, Transport, Traffic Department), • Final Master plan detailed for approval, • City of Luxor Council represented by the Governor and Municipality approval, and • Governor’s approval. 2. Technical description Link to Governorate (municipal) development plan Mobility is a central point of concern for Governorate of Luxor. The City of Luxor urban area urgently needs a strategic approach to improve mobility in the city and change the current system to more sustainable one, cleaner and greener. The city is divided by the Nile river forming the east and west banks. This represents a strong geographical constraint for mobility services in the city. With the massive number of heritage sites and antiquities, it is vital to develop a comprehensive plan of green mobility services and infrastructures to ensure Luxor will preserve its future development while improving quality of life in a sustainable urban area, meeting Egypt’s vision and SDS 2030. The SECAP is built on three drivers: a) reduce energy consumption; b) develop energy production; and c) climate adaptation actions. The transport sector is one the five main sectors that will be affected by climate change risks. Transport is running on non-clean energy (mainly diesel), which is adding to such risks. Also, the Nile River banks, antiquities and heritage sites in the City of Luxor that are experiencing heavy transport due to tourist activities, including water transportation from east bank to west banks and leisure, are urgently in 127

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