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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

solar energy projects

solar energy projects for a long period, but not in small-scale RE projects until recently 1 . In 2017 an initiative for solar energy projects to include small scale has been launched by NREA. In the last two years, several Net-metering and Feed-in-tariff incentives were announced and have led to erecting around 6,000 rooftop PV systems in remote areas. It also contributed to environmental protection and attained Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The EG-REEEL allowed the private sector to have 720 MW of RE capacities under construction, resulting from the establishment of merchants’ IPP scheme. The REEEL addresses three main issues: 1. Establishment of new RE installations and grid connections, including ‘net metering’ which has been endorsed in September 2014 with the Feed-in-Tariff Law. 2. Egypt’s Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Fund (EG-REEEF) has been established in 2012, but not funded. 3. Tax and Customs regulations are under review in the 3 rd Quarter of 2016. Egypt has developed an Energy Efficiency Plan in the Electricity Sector saving 5,566 GWH between 2012 and 2015, mainly by measures in the lighting sector, including: − − − The first phase: Change to high efficiency lighting in the household sector. The planned distribution of 60 million bulbs shall save 3,320 GWH, The second phase: programme of energy efficiency standards and labelling for household appliances. This shall save 1,663 GWH, and Energy saving in street lighting of 1,200 GWH; supported by the Association of Energy Efficiency Engineers (AEEE). The Egyptian Government adopted a strategic EE roadmap. Additionally, the new energy prices policy takes into account the low income of a large proportion of the population as well as the competitiveness of industry and aims not to jeopardise their supply. It is important to notice that Egypt acknowledges the fact that local authorities are playing and will continue to play a key role in the necessary energy transition the country should go through. As a sign of this attention paid to local authorities, the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE) in collaboration with the Ministry of Local Development (MoLD) took the lead in promoting the development of Sustainable Energy Saving and Climate Action Plan in the Governorate of Luxor. The Egyptian Cabinet adopted an institutional strategy for energy efficiency, with the aim to establish bundles of decentralised Energy Efficiency Offices (EEOs) in energy-intensive sectors. These EEOs will be responsible for achieving sector-specific energy efficiency indicators. The EEO of the Ministerial Council for Energy Issues 1 Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Egyptian Perspective: The Status Quo of Renewable Energies and the Framework of Energy-Governance, Ch. 1; “A Guide to Renewable Energy in Egypt and Jordan: Current Situation and Future Potentials.” ISBN: 978‐9957-484-62-0, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Available at: www.fes-jordan.org/ (Accessed: 31.08.2016). 14

(MCEI) is responsible for drawing up energy efficiency governmental policies and for coordinating energy efficiency measures across sectors. Following the model of the Arabic energy efficiency guidelines, the MoERE approved and adopted a National Action Plan that provides an increase of approximately 10 per cent in energy efficiency in the electricity sector. Also, Egypt has developed a strategy for renewable energy covering seven objectives. These strategic objectives will lead to the increase the shares of solar energy, wind energy and electricity generated from water to 26,000 MW. The Egyptian Government has also developed a plan for improving Energy Efficiency in the electricity sector to save electricity from total generated power in 2015 by 5576 GWh. In addition, Egypt has set a target to produce energy production from wind energy. The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) was developed and finalized in March 2015. Furthermore, Egypt is planning to produce 20 per cent of its total energy generation out of renewable energy sources (9500 MW), including: − 12 % will be produced by wind energy (7200 MW), − − 2.2 % solar energy, (2300 MW), and 5.8 % energy produced by water. The Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources (MoPMRs) and MoERE are working on a National Energy Database with support of the EU funded to REEEP project 2 . The MoPMRs developed an indicators’ database in each factory, but not yet on the national level, GHG emission per factory is part of the database. The Egypt’s National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP): This programme, specifically targets energy efficiency is the Electricity Sector. The NEEAP has been considered, so far, the main umbrella regarding Energy efficiency (EE) at the national level, but more plans and support are needed. The NEEAP follows the energy saving targets that were set in the Energy Strategy 2007-2030, to reduce the electricity consumption. In early 2014, the Egyptian Supreme Energy Council (ESEC) as per its Decree No. 9/11/05/12 and Energy Efficiency Unit (EEU) at the Cabinet developed a National Plan to save energy in electricity and energy sectors. This National Plan was sent to all stakeholders to coordinate efforts such as MoEnv, MoHUUD, MoTm and MoLD. The national target is to lower the primary energy consumption by 4.96 per cent every year. The NEEAP provides a comprehensive assessment of EE guidelines and projects for 2012-2015. The total savings achieved were 222.62 GWh in 2012 and 5565.69 GWh in 2015 (based on a 5-year average energy consumption of 112162.8 GWh/year). Such total savings represents almost 5 per cent. Nonetheless, the NEEAP is currently in process of updating in collaboration with GIZ and expected to reach its target by 2017 3 . Considering current and projected total electricity consumption (until 2020), in current electricity prices, the target’s achievement would result in energy savings of approximately 384 GWh/year by 2020. This would lead to savings of at least $55 M/year in total electricity costs in Egypt and a reduction of 285,000 tons per year in CO 2 emissions. 2 For information: http://www.reeep.org/egypt-2012/ - http://www.reegle.info/policy-and-regulatory-overviews/EG. 3 NEEAP Egypt published at RCREEE - Available at: www.rcreee.org/ (Accessed: 17.08.2016). 15

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents Executive Summary
  • Page 7 and 8: 4.3. Renewable energy development .
  • Page 9 and 10: 2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu
  • Page 11 and 12: List of tables Table 1: Emission fa
  • Page 13 and 14: Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an
  • Page 15: Section I: Governorate climate and
  • Page 19 and 20: implementing the NEEAP and using sm
  • Page 21 and 22: previously set by H.E. General Fara
  • Page 23 and 24: 8. Construct 4500 housing units in
  • Page 25 and 26: 2. Promote the integration of energ
  • Page 27 and 28: The SEAU will be in charge of all G
  • Page 29 and 30: To ensure the success of project im
  • Page 31 and 32: Financing the SECAP The Governorate
  • Page 33 and 34: consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.
  • Page 35 and 36: 1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e
  • Page 37 and 38: Value provided Method Final value E
  • Page 39 and 40: * Emissions from livestock and anim
  • Page 41 and 42: average emissions per capita in Egy
  • Page 43 and 44: 10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui
  • Page 45 and 46: Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4
  • Page 47 and 48: Figure 11: Impression of the City o
  • Page 49 and 50: 4. Planned actions for the city of
  • Page 51 and 52: This commitment to act on its own p
  • Page 53 and 54: EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering
  • Page 55 and 56: places and avenues where the new li
  • Page 57 and 58: - Get a good understanding of the b
  • Page 59 and 60: energy conservation, energy efficie
  • Page 61 and 62: only possible when real alternative
  • Page 63 and 64: 155 boats with an average fuel cons
  • Page 65 and 66: Luxor and, by the way, a very effic
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    4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    the installation of ordinary lamps

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    - Staff training needs: Coordinatio

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    - Coordinate with the road manageme

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    2.2.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    3.1. Template Identification of CAP

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    expected in %. 2- Reduce carbon emi

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    staff and household owners and mana

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    Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre

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    References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Eg

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    Climate Change Legislation in Egypt

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    Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..

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    1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of

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    2 3 (1) Heritage Sites (2) Agricult

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    Consequently, the following will be

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    - Tourism and Heritage problem Lack

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    The introduction of the by road, Lu

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    the constant stream of tourists has

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    Uncoordinated designation for herit

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    d) To mitigate visiting risks throu

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    from the SCA tourist info. Center s

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    - Awareness campaign for SCA staff

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    Provide comfortable environment fri

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    After minimising trips by 40 per ce

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    Public-Private-Partnerships (availa

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    to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean

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    5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was

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    Phase 2: Continue with the rest of

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    5.1.5. Environmental public awarene

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    • Spreading information and train

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    Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D

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    5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions

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    Component 1: Select and formulate t

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    6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra

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    Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxo

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