3 weeks ago

280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

- (Copenhagen) Amendment

- (Copenhagen) Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete Ozone Layer. 3. Technical description Link to Governorate (municipal) development plan The SECAP is built on three drivers: a) reduce energy consumption; b) develop energy production; and c) climate adaptation actions. Hence, reducing GHG emissions from the tourism sector is vital for the Governorate of Luxor strategy on climate change mitigation and adaptation. The tourism sector is one the sectors that will be affected by climate change risks and its potential contribution to profile the City of Luxor as a green city is important. Thus, it is vital to develop a comprehensive plan to green hotel and resorts and doing so contribute to the vision of the City of Luxor being a sustainable tourism destination. The Sustainable and Green Tourism Plan will improve the Governorate’s sustainable energy prospectus,yet contribute to achieving Egypt’s Vision and National Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) 2030. Implementation plan Component 1: The Governorate first needs to get a more sophisticated understanding of hotels and resorts level of sustainability across the city and issues to be solved. From the detailed description of issues at stake, the priority action will draw strategic priorities with a double objective in mind – improve hotels/ resorts sustainable operation in the City of Luxor, while reducing the environmental foot print of the tourism facilities. This could include: • Establish a coordination unit to manage this priority action plan engaging with stakeholders to support a change of mind set in hotels and resorts managers, highlighting the benefits of a greener profile, • Structure the action to address priority areas, highlight positive examples of change and then generate a positive momentum towards changing practices, • Explore innovative solutions and technologies that would significantly improve hotels/resorts environmental performances, • Develop incentives as well as regulatory measures to speed up the change process towards energy saving and renewable energy development, • Implement a common methodology to measure GHG emissions, report on them and monitor all other benefits deriving from the development of sustainable hotels/resorts, and • Boost any awareness activities that would help energy saving initiatives in hotels and resorts. Along the line of what hotels already developed to conserve water, the plan would be to develop awareness raising activities inviting visitors to contribute to energy saving (turn off the light when not necessary, adapt AC to a “normal” use and avoid excessive cooling, etc.). Such awareness activities can easily result in saving up to 10% of electricity consumed in hotels and resorts. 166

Component 2: Develop Solar Water Heating in hotel and resorts Hotels and resorts need water for their visitors and their equipment (swimming pool). Solar is easy solution to warm water. Any hotel/ resort, with 200 rooms will need around 50.000 litres per day half of it been warm enough for sanitary use and washing (towels, sheets, soils). To produce 25.000 litres of warm water it means a minimum collector surface of 250 square meters (250 collectors of 1 square meter). Kits available on the market are composed of a tank and 3 collectors. Each unit’s costs EGP 12,000 (€ 584) all-inclusive (2017 prices). Full equipment for one hotel will then cost around 50,000 € (84 units at 584 €). Such an installation will produce 231,800 KWh/y, avoiding electricity expenses of 8,318 €/y, and hence offering a payback period of 6 years. In the meantime it will reduce GHG emissions by 127.5 tCO 2eq/y. The priority action #4 proposes to set up a revolving fund to support investment in hotels. This investment could be done in phases of 10 hotels per year with an investment capacity of 500K€ per year for the first two years (1m€) and another round on investment as soon as the fund has been replenished. Although the investment is perfectly profitable it still requires some incentives from the project, as hotel owners are not interested in making specific efforts due to low price of fossil energy and electricity. The project should then act as a stimulator. As soon as hotel owners will understand the cost-efficient equipment, they will be invited to cover the investment costs on their own. The revolving fund will be managed by the Sustainable and Green Tourism Plan - SGTP management unit. Component 3: Develop Solar Water Heating in floating hotels For the 275 floating hotels representing 16,000 rooms meaning 2 thirds of the overall capacity in Luxor. If we assume each floating hotel would accommodate 60 rooms in average we would have a maximum of 120 guests plus 30 staff: 150 per floating hotel. This means a daily consumption of 30,000 litres including 15,000 litres of warm water. This production can be secured with 150 square meters of collectors (150 collectors/ 30 units of 3 collectors). Such an equipment will produce 138 MWh/y avoiding burning 13,800 litres of diesel hence saving 2,471 € offering a 7 years payback period. However, it is important to mention that this is only valid if the floating boats are operating all year long. If they only operate during the peak season (4 months) then the equipment is not worse the investment. We recommend further exploring this option taking into account the actual rate of occupancy that will be key to define the real RoI, hence define if installing SHW in that case is worth a try. Component 4: Hotels/Resorts natural gas supply The City of Luxor is developing its natural gas grid and would like to connect as many hotels as possible. Note that in merit order, renewable comes first (SWH), gas comes next and last comes diesel. It is also important to mention that investing on gas without investing in energy efficient and SWH would be a mistake in terms of climate mitigation. However, taking into account the emission factor for natural gas, and assuming 30% of energy consumption in hotels is dedicated to producing heat, switching from electricity to gas would reduce GHG by 11% which is important to consider. This priority action plans to supply natural gas to hotels/resorts in the eastern bank of the City of Luxor, which 167

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