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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

2.2. Sectorial Policies

2.2. Sectorial Policies Energy Efficiency in building sector Energy Efficiency in the Construction Sector in the Mediterranean (EECS-MED), a funded project by EU, has developed Guidelines and recommendations for the MENA region (January 2015). The guidelines and recommendations focus on issues such as the political leadership perspective; the boardroom perspective; outdoor lighting; and public procurement and planning. The UNDP developed two projects in the EE sector: − − Improving Energy Efficiency for Lighting and Building Appliances. The project started in 2011 and will be completed in 2017. The leading Egyptian partners are MoERE, NREA, Egyptian Electricity Holding Company (EEHC), Egyptian Authorization for Standards (EAS), and “Waty El Watt” campaign (meaning lower your watt usage). The project started in 2015, and more data is available at the UNDP 2015 Achievement Report 4 . The Egyptian National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) is the result of regional and international efforts known as “End-use electricity efficiency improvement and conservation guideline”, a MED-ENEC EU funded project. This plan aims to achieve an initial target, specified in the National Energy Strategy, of a 5% reduction in electricity consumption by 2020. The plan is consistent with regional and international efforts known as the “Arab End Use Electricity Efficiency Improvement and Conversation Guidelines” which were approved by the Arab Ministerial Council of Electricity in 2010. Egypt revised its strategic approach towards its energy resources and their use, which has been stared in 2016 to meet Egypt’s Vision 2030 and to Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) 2030. One aspect of this new approach will be to significantly accelerate the adoption and implementation of energy efficiency and sustainability measures, as well as investments in carbon emission reduction targets. Sustainable Lighting In Egypt, lighting is consuming an average of 28-30 per cent of produced electrical energy with an annual average increase of 10 to 11 per cent during the past two years (2013 and 2014). This consumption has increased over the past 10 years by 7.2 per cent. According to a study by MED-ENEC, almost doubling the existing generation capacity from 27 GW (2010) to 50 GW by 2020 will be required and probably another 120 GW by 2050, if this consumption pattern continues as business as usual. Families and businesses already suffered hours of daily blackouts in some areas in 2013 and early 2014. MED-ENEC has also developed procurement and planning for public street lighting that includes conditions of tenders, tender forms and other details. Egypt is considered a pioneer in applying for large tenders for EE street lighting in 2010: 360 000 street lighting poles using high lumen HPS lamps and electronic gear were installed. The next step is replacing 5 million magnetic ballasts with digital dimmable ballasts until 2016. Street lighting is consuming 2,400 GWh at the present stage and is expected to save up to 1,200 GWh 4 UNDP – available at http://www.eg.undp.org/ (Accessed: 20.08.2016). 16

implementing the NEEAP and using smart lighting harvesting technologies. As part of the 2012 National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP), the Egyptian government proposed concentrated activities in this field. If EE in lighting would be implemented, more than 10 per cent of the power capacity would not be needed and blackouts would be decreased. Energy efficient lighting design often produces savings between 50 per cent and 80 per cent. Renewable Energy development According to Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE), 54 GW of new installed capacity (conventional and renewables) is needed through 2022, and on-going reforms in the regulatory framework and subsidies would create large opportunities for the private sector 5 . In March 2015, The Ministry of ERE highlighted the main challenges as follows: − − − Electricity demand growth is exceptionally high (6 % p.a.), High energy intensity: 26 KBT/ US$ in line with large net oil exporters, Power generation deficit (6 GW needed annually through 2022), and − Energy subsidies had reached 7% of GDP in 2013/ 2014, but it has been lowered in 2016. Today any local authority can adopt incentives for energy efficiency and the development of renewable energy according to the regulations already in place, which are in place in Egypt according to Law No. 203 of 2014, Law No. 87 of 2015, and Law No. 230 of 2016. Local authorities can also develop information tools to stimulate the local or regional market of energy efficiency and renewable energy development in their city. National Transport Strategy In Egypt, the transport sector is a major consumer of fossil fuels, therefore, contributes a significant share of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The Ministry of transport (MoTr) developed a model freight transport (MFT) strategy in close collaboration with Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA), considered to be a world-class multimodal transport infrastructure and management strategy. Egypt’s Transport Master Plan is under development to reach the Egypt SD strategy 2030. The MFT corridor in MINTS has identified many projects to support the MFT through 2012 – 2027. The MFT corridor in the MINTS projects represents development in all transportation modes (Ports, River, Railways, Roads, and Logistics) in order to support Egypt’s MFT Strategy. The Suez Canal Corridor new master plan is under development to support Egypt’s MFT strategy and to develop Regional MFT cooperation 6 . In 2012, a transport master plan has been also developed between the MoTr and JICA on a comprehensive nationwide system. The objective of this joint plan is to realize economically efficient transport, and to promote modal shift and to materialize reliable, competitive and safe transport modes. The study encompasses: • Conducting surveys and an analysis of the current condition in the transport sector, 5 http://www.moee.gov.eg/english_new/Presentations/EEDC.pdf/ (Accessed: 16.08.2016). 6 Transport Sector the way forward, Ministry of Transport. http://www.comcec.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/COMCEC_EGYPT.pdf 17

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents Executive Summary
  • Page 7 and 8: 4.3. Renewable energy development .
  • Page 9 and 10: 2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu
  • Page 11 and 12: List of tables Table 1: Emission fa
  • Page 13 and 14: Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an
  • Page 15 and 16: Section I: Governorate climate and
  • Page 17: (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u
  • Page 21 and 22: previously set by H.E. General Fara
  • Page 23 and 24: 8. Construct 4500 housing units in
  • Page 25 and 26: 2. Promote the integration of energ
  • Page 27 and 28: The SEAU will be in charge of all G
  • Page 29 and 30: To ensure the success of project im
  • Page 31 and 32: Financing the SECAP The Governorate
  • Page 33 and 34: consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.
  • Page 35 and 36: 1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e
  • Page 37 and 38: Value provided Method Final value E
  • Page 39 and 40: * Emissions from livestock and anim
  • Page 41 and 42: average emissions per capita in Egy
  • Page 43 and 44: 10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui
  • Page 45 and 46: Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4
  • Page 47 and 48: Figure 11: Impression of the City o
  • Page 49 and 50: 4. Planned actions for the city of
  • Page 51 and 52: This commitment to act on its own p
  • Page 53 and 54: EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering
  • Page 55 and 56: places and avenues where the new li
  • Page 57 and 58: - Get a good understanding of the b
  • Page 59 and 60: energy conservation, energy efficie
  • Page 61 and 62: only possible when real alternative
  • Page 63 and 64: 155 boats with an average fuel cons
  • Page 65 and 66: Luxor and, by the way, a very effic
  • Page 67 and 68: 4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1
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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    the installation of ordinary lamps

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    - Staff training needs: Coordinatio

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    - Coordinate with the road manageme

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    2.2.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    3.1. Template Identification of CAP

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    expected in %. 2- Reduce carbon emi

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    staff and household owners and mana

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    Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre

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    References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Eg

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    Climate Change Legislation in Egypt

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    Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..

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    1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of

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    2 3 (1) Heritage Sites (2) Agricult

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    Consequently, the following will be

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    - Tourism and Heritage problem Lack

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    The introduction of the by road, Lu

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    the constant stream of tourists has

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    Uncoordinated designation for herit

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    d) To mitigate visiting risks throu

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    from the SCA tourist info. Center s

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    - Awareness campaign for SCA staff

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    Provide comfortable environment fri

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    After minimising trips by 40 per ce

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    Public-Private-Partnerships (availa

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    to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean

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    5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was

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    Phase 2: Continue with the rest of

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    5.1.5. Environmental public awarene

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    • Spreading information and train

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    Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D

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    5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions

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    Component 1: Select and formulate t

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    6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra

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    Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxo

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