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8 months ago

280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

introduced with an

introduced with an incentive to the microbuses who will serve this route to receive free conversion into the natural gas based engines, starting with 4 microbuses with an average total cost of € 2,500. The traffic department (MoI) could partner enforcing a mandatory conversion to use a natural gas based engine when renewing the vehicle license. These interventions result in: - Decreasing the use of motorcycles, this can almost be counted as if we decrease the 100 motorcycles into 60. - Converting 4 microbuses, out of 20 already on the roads, into natural gas. Financial Analysis Converting fuel machinery and tanks for each microbus cost about: EGP. 11,000- 12,000. Out of existing 20 microbuses on the roads we can start with 4 as the first phase with a total cost of about: EGP 50,000= € 2,500. - PV Solar 20 kW capacity = 300,000 EGP = 14,285 € - A building and monitoring unit = 200,000 EGP = 9,523 € - Operating Air conditioners inside buildings = 84 € - Parking construction = 1500 m 2 x 100 EGP/m 2 = 150,000 EGP = 7,143 € - Boarders for parking buses = 80 EGP/m 2 x 400 m 2 = 32,000EGP = 1,523 € - Trackless electric train = 250,000 EGP = 11,904 € Total cost = 2,500+14,285+9,523+84+7,143+1,523+11,904 = 46,962 € Also, for the price of the land of 1,500 m 2 – 2,000 m 2 (first phase) = 1,500,000 EGP = 71,428 € Adding safety factor due to current unexpected inflation = 125,000 € Emissions analysis - PV system of 20kWh generates an average of 2,932 kWh/month and 35,179 kWh/year 5 - The building and operation unit consumption of electricity yearly is 25 kWh/m 2 x 95 m 2 = 2,375 kWh/year This amount (2,375 kWh/year) will be totally covered by the PV systems, thus we reduced the electricity consumption of the building and the related emissions by 35,179*0.55kg/kWh = 19.4 tn CO2/MWh - Consumption for 1 bus with the AC on is around 3,8 litres per hour. - Consumption for 1 coaster with the AC on is around 2,25 litres per hour. - Consumption for 1 minibus with the AC on is around 1,13 litres per hour. - Calculations are made for 50 buses, 25 coasters and 7 microbuses • High season: 150 days 150 Days x 10 operating hours per day x (25 buses x 3.8 L/hr +20 coasters x 2.25 l/hr + 7 minibuses x 1,13 l/hr) = 1,500 hours/year x147.91 lt/hr= 221,865 litres of diesel • Low season = 215 215 Days x 5 operation hours per day x 147.91 lt/hr = 159,003 litres of diesel • Total savings = 380,868 litres x 10 = 3,808,680 kWh / 1,000 = 3,808.68 MWh/year • Emissions Reduction 3,808.68 x 0.267 tCO2/ MWh = 1,016.9 tons CO2/a Motorcycles consume 6 litres of Gasoline every 100 km and usually cover 50 km a day. Thus for 100 motorcycles, the gasoline consumption would be: - Litres of Gasoline/day= 3 Litres x100 motorcycles = 300 Litres - Litres of Gasoline/year = 300 Litres x 365 day = 109,500 Litres 5 http://news.energysage.com/much-20000-watt-20-kw-solar-system-cost/ 25

After minimising trips by 40 per cent, - 43,800 Litres of gasoline = 402,960 kWh = 402.96 MWh = 402.960 kWh x 0.249tn /MWh = 100.33 tn CO2 The average Microbus speed is 40 km/hr; Working from 08:00 till 22:00 it will cover around 400 km a day, with a consumption rate of 10 L/100 km. Thus, it will consume 40 Litre each day. Microbus diesel consumption each year = 40 x 365 = 14,600 Litres/yearly 4 microbuses to be transferred to Natural gas = 14,600 x 4 = 58,400 Litres/yearly 58,400 Litres x 10 kWh/litre = 584,000 kWh = 584 MWh 584 x 0.267 tnCO2/MWh = 156 tnCO2 Total emission reduction = 19.4 +1,017 + 100.33 + 156 = 1,292.4 tnCO2 Link to municipal development plan The project serves one of the most affected sectors in the SECAP which is transportation, by improving the air quality and movability of residents, decreasing the usage of motorcycles and introducing a solution to the lack of public transport. This project also helps safeguard archaeological and heritage sites. It will also promote using solar sheds as a way of branding sustainability in the City of Luxor. Implementation plan Phase 1 (1/2) Component 1: Select optimum location for the two parking lots (Incremental development in 4 phases). Taking into account availability of land, the Municipality should opt for a place which will be at an appropriate distance from the Heritage sites and the Tourist Information Centre (Fiche #1). Each phase (4 phases) in the parking lots should be wide enough to take about: 25 buses, 20 coasters, and 7 microbuses (Avg. area for first phase: 1500 - 2000 m 2 ). Finally, a trackless electric train (Tuf-tuf) will move tourists around the sites. Component 2: Set a plan to the design of the parking lot and implement half of parking lot one. Also, design the waiting area small building to match the surrounding environment. The rest to be developed depending on the growing demand. Component 3: Set solar panel sheds to power the waiting area’s ACs with a capacity of 20kW and connect it to the national grid (give and take system). (If the location is close enough to the Tourist Information Centre, it could be able to provide electricity from sheds). Phase 1 (2/2) Component 1: Extend some of the microbuses to serve the Bo’irat village Habo and Basili areas. Propose new routes for such microbuses. Component 2: Equip 4 of the microbuses, those who will be serving Bo’irat village, with natural gas engines. Component 3: Set a plan to convert all the microbuses on the West Bank from the already expensive gasoline into natural gas engines (project second phase). The traffic department (MoI) could partner enforcing a mandatory conversion to use a natural gas based engine when renewing the vehicle license. Phase 2 Develop a plan to a future extension of to adopt bicycle lanes, and usage of electric cars. In addition to booster charging cars from new phases of PV systems. 3. Organization and procedures Formal approval The Governor of Luxor Staff allocated to prepare, implement, monitor action Mohamed Salah (director of traffic), MoT, Dr. Moustafa Waziri (SCA, MoA), Dr. Ramadan (CES-MED rep. Luxor Governorate) to coordinate and follow up with SCA & municipal approvals and CES-MED rep. 26

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This project is funded by the Europ

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EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE

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4.3. Renewable energy development .

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2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu

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List of tables Table 1: Emission fa

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Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an

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Section I: Governorate climate and

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(MCEI) is responsible for drawing u

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implementing the NEEAP and using sm

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previously set by H.E. General Fara

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8. Construct 4500 housing units in

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2. Promote the integration of energ

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The SEAU will be in charge of all G

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To ensure the success of project im

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Financing the SECAP The Governorate

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consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.

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1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e

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Value provided Method Final value E

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* Emissions from livestock and anim

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average emissions per capita in Egy

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10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui

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Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4

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Figure 11: Impression of the City o

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4. Planned actions for the city of

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This commitment to act on its own p

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EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering

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places and avenues where the new li

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- Get a good understanding of the b

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energy conservation, energy efficie

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only possible when real alternative

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155 boats with an average fuel cons

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Luxor and, by the way, a very effic

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4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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electricity used in tertiary buildi

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4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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producing solar heater in small wor

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TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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The national strategy, its goals an

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The key players of this strategy st

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a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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• “C”, corresponds to complet

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Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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esult of a partnership between Egyp

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2. Build institutional and technica

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Alert / Communication / Education D

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Adoption of methods to reduce water

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Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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• Structuring the urban transport

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5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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Loans and potential borrower Expect

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water quality of the surrounding en

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- Reduce energy consumption in all

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• Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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- Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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• MoTr through River Transport Au

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8. Cost estimates Technical support

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City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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- Second National Communication on

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- Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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- Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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- Train small local companies that

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Staff training Governorate (Municip

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- Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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lower GHG emissions. This action is

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Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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- Municipality and Governorate - Go

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• The development of Green hotels

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- Reduction as related to BAU scena

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is a need to make use of green labe

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- Incentives for Generating Electri

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• Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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The development would require the f

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• Municipality determination to a

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Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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the workshop participants towards t

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