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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

5.1.3. Solar PV for

5.1.3. Solar PV for Heritage Sites 1. General presentation Al-Qurna – Priority action #3 for SECAP Title: SOLAR PV FOR HERITAGE SITES Summary of the Action The main problem is in the redundant system to light the Kings Valley’s tombs and the lower part of the mountain using two fossil fuel generators, of 150 kW and 160 kW respectively. These generators elicit high emissions and vibrations dangerous for the tombs. Meanwhile, there is a need for effective generator outlets for the electric cars moving from the visitor centre to the visiting sites. Instead, some of these cars, about 16, are owned by SCA and are leased to individuals who frequently use diesel, when electricity supplies are insufficient, further contributing to the carbon emissions. The project proposes a solar off-grid PV to allow for the usage of lithium batteries system to offer in its first phase 40 kW. General Objectives of the project Focusing on promoting the title of Luxor’s Green Heritage. Specific Objectives of the project a) Develop a renewable energy strategy to further be adopted in the entire governorate. b) To reduce emissions and vibrations caused by redundant electric diesel-based generators in order to protect the environment and monuments. # 3 Location: Al-Qurna Village Start date: 2017 Project lifetime: 6 months End date: 2018 Estimated cost € 48,000 Status of the Action: • New • Planned • Under implementation • Following previous action. Principal partners and stakeholders Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) (Ministry of Antiquities - MoA), Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (Egypt), Luxor Governorate, Local individual investors. Contact person in the local authority Eng. Ahmed El-Nagar, Electricity Dept., Project Division, SCA. 2. Technical description Phase 1: PV solar plant/ stations distributed in different spots, for the PV system demands much area. The panel locations could be changed, easily dismantled and assembled depending on the excavation and the site management strategy. PS. Instead of using 150 KW PV system for the tombs area, 40KW PV would be sufficient as a beginning. The above is for an emergency, redundant system. Phase 2: i. To use a clean energy based generator for the visitor centre and its environment to generate 160KW, using either PV system or natural gas. ii. For the Kings valley tombs using PV system distributed on the mountain Ideally, 4KW * 62 tombs = 248KW (at least 4KW for each tomb for the CCTV, light and other low voltage appliances). Distributing the PV panels would overcome the large area and cables needed from a central PV station. Feasibility: the current electricity bill for Kings Valley area is EGP 27,000= € 1,350 / month. This could be spared if converting 29

to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean energy based 160KW generator. - A PV system to generate 250 KW distributed on different spots on the mountain in the Kings valley area. Initially, it is possible to start with 40KW. Financial Analysis For the first phase of installing PV system of 40 kW capacity and 20 batteries. 1 million EGP = 47,612.25 € = 48,000 € Emissions analysis PV system of 40kW generates an average of 70,358 kWh/year. With an emission factor of 0.55 tn CO 2/MWh, this translates to 38.7 tn CO2 Link to municipal development plan This project solves a huge problem in the west side of the Governorate of Luxor, with the SCA contribution to provide clean energy to run some of the most sensitive heritage sites. The project will contribute in building a sustainable energy strategy. Implementation plan Component 1: The plan is to develop solar PV units off-grid with lithium batteries to serve the electricity situation in the Kings Valley and the mountain and Hatshepsut temple. Every 1kW of solar PV takes up 8 m 2 . Thus, to serve the 160kW electricity demand for Upper area of the mountain, an area of 1,280 m 2 would be needed. Similarly, the same area will be needed for lower side of the mountain. Phase 1 PV solar plant/ stations distributed in different spots, for the PV system demands such area. The panel locations could be changed, easily dismantled and assembled depending on the excavation and the site management strategy. PS. Instead of using 150 KW PV system for the tombs area, 40KW PV would be sufficient as a beginning. The above is for an emergency, redundant system Phase 2: (i) To use a clean energy based generator down for the visitor centre and its environment to generate 160KW, using PV system. (ii) For the Kings valley tombs using PV system distributed on the mountain Ideally, 4KW * 62 tombs = 248KW (at least 4KW for each tomb for the CCTV, light and other low voltage appliances). Distributing the PV panels would overcome the large area and cables needed from a central PV station. PS. The present project focuses on the first phase for start. 3. Organization and procedures Formal approval The Governor of Luxor Staff training needs The allocated staff will require training regarding operating the PV stations and the further development of each station. Also, there’s a need to further be trained in project management and development. Staff allocated to prepare, implement, monitor action Dr. Moustafa Waziri (SCA, MoA), Dr. Ramadan (CES-MED rep. Luxor Governorate) to coordinate and follow up with SCA & municipal approvals and CES-MED rep. Role of Partners Local companies will be assigned with installing and maintaining the stations. These companies will be connected with the allocated governorate staff to avoid any communication problems. 30

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    This project is funded by the Europ

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    EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE

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    Table of contents Executive Summary

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    4.3. Renewable energy development .

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    2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu

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    List of tables Table 1: Emission fa

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    Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an

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    Section I: Governorate climate and

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    (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u

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    implementing the NEEAP and using sm

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    previously set by H.E. General Fara

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    8. Construct 4500 housing units in

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    2. Promote the integration of energ

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    The SEAU will be in charge of all G

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    To ensure the success of project im

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    Financing the SECAP The Governorate

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    consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.

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    1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e

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    Value provided Method Final value E

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    * Emissions from livestock and anim

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    average emissions per capita in Egy

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    10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui

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    Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4

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    Figure 11: Impression of the City o

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    4. Planned actions for the city of

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    This commitment to act on its own p

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    EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering

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    places and avenues where the new li

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    - Get a good understanding of the b

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    energy conservation, energy efficie

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    only possible when real alternative

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    155 boats with an average fuel cons

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    Luxor and, by the way, a very effic

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    4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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  • Page 221 and 222: Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre
  • Page 223 and 224: References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Eg
  • Page 225 and 226: Climate Change Legislation in Egypt
  • Page 227 and 228: Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..
  • Page 229 and 230: 1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of
  • Page 231 and 232: 2 3 (1) Heritage Sites (2) Agricult
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  • Page 235 and 236: - Tourism and Heritage problem Lack
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  • Page 243 and 244: d) To mitigate visiting risks throu
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  • Page 247 and 248: - Awareness campaign for SCA staff
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  • Page 251 and 252: After minimising trips by 40 per ce
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  • Page 257 and 258: 5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was
  • Page 259 and 260: Phase 2: Continue with the rest of
  • Page 261 and 262: 5.1.5. Environmental public awarene
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  • Page 265 and 266: Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D
  • Page 267 and 268: 5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions
  • Page 269 and 270: Component 1: Select and formulate t
  • Page 271 and 272: 6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra
  • Page 273: Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxo
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