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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

Strength - Distinctive

Strength - Distinctive geographical location that allows Luxor to be the center of service in Upper Egypt. - High ratio of youth population. Contains Sixth of the World’s total monuments. - Various touristic patterns (culture, conferences, festivals, therapeutic..etc). - The existence of industrial zones. - Possibility of expanding agricultural reclamation. - The presence of a number of modern untapped areas (Industrial areas). - High soil fertility and crop diversity. Weakness - Very High temperature in Summer. - Weak marketing and advertising for Luxor as a separate touristic hub. - Full reliance on Tourism as the main source of income. - Lack of skilled labor. - Weak demand for industrial investment. - Weak agricultural marketing, livestock production and poultry. - Not benefiting from agricultural waste. Opportunities - Possibility of establishing factories for food industries and components of solar cells. - Luxor International Airport and a growing bond with Hurghada and Marsa Alam airports. - The ease of localization of the industries in Barmant due to the existence of roads and bridges. - Benefiting from natural gas by building factories of fertilizer plants and phosphate. Threats - Non-operating industrial zones. - Some crops require high water consumption such as Sugarcane. - The waste of tourism resources by not benefiting from archeological sites. - Suspending some tourism projects. - Non-completion of planting tree forests. - Some villages are affected by floods. Figure A.1: SWOT Analysis by the Governorate of Luxor for the 2032 strategic plan The above are few among a long list of hazards and risks that endanger the whole governorate and more precisely Al-Qurna, the subject of this report as elaborated above. A responsive, effective strategy is, thus, a must. In general, according to the NRR, Egypt adopts Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) known as Egypt 2030 vision, in line with Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), of the UN, issued in December 2015. Accordingly, Luxor must be seeking a comprehensive strategy addressing the key performance indicators (NRR, 2016: pp. 35, 36). Therefore, Luxor as all governorates in Egypt, is committed to increasing urbanised areas providing more housing units and resolving slum problem while safeguarding heritage and enhancing the environmental quality. This is implied in the concept of 'Luxor as a green city' referred to by the NRR (page 66). Furthermore, a balanced well controlled urban development and agricultural expansions are essential for both are responsible for many hazards that concern the CES-MED purpose. Nevertheless, there is no clear and legal framework declared by Luxor governorate as a tool to implement the above, i.e.: no clearly identified and stated goals and strategy. This, however, can be assembled through a survey tracing the press releases about the governorate's projects and the declarations of the H.E. the governor. 47

Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxor is declared as a green city by 2020 expanding the utilisation of clean energy, mainly solar energy financed by the UAE (\al-Arab Newspaper, issue 9591, p.10, 2014), declared in a conference held in Luxor on 13 th -14 th June 2014. This was also to be achieved via expected grants from JICA, GiZ, EU and other granting agencies to realise the Luxor as a green city by 2020. 7 It was also declared in the same conference (13 th -14 th June 2014) that 'Luxor the Heritage City of the World' recalling the same vision declared in 2004 due to the especial nature of the city. Furthermore, and seeking the above referred to the thought balanced strategy, a comprehensive strategic urban development plan, very relevant to the CES-MED objectives as indicated in the NRR (NRR, 2016, P.36, Fig.7), H.E. the governor maintained that he adopts a combined study of the GOPP & and the HABITAT. Such a study is an expansion of the previous UNDP strategy for Luxor adopted by H.E. Genr. Samir Farag, to include Esna and Armant cities and their surrounding villages. It is a study under the supervision of the MoP that aims at a comprehensive urban, agricultural and investment expansions in Luxor Governorate. 8 A.4 Projects & Tentative Vision Action projects to realise the above were proposed as listed by H.E. the governor in his interview with Al-Wafd newspaper (16 th March 2016): 9 1. Construct a solar energy station that spans 80 KW/ 10 hrs. providing 5000 feddans (feddan = 4200 sq. meters) in Armant desert as a solar plant location, 2. Pilot expansion of solar energy to reach 133 houses in 6 villages, 3. To reach with the Natural Gas pipes from the West Nile bank to the Eastern bank to feed 17 thousand housing unit, 4. Sign a protocol to re-operate the fertilizers (of waste recycling) factory, 5. Transfer the 44 floating hotels from Luxor Cornish to Esna, 6. Banning the caret and cargo pulled by donkeys and buffalos from the city centres, 7. Establishing a committee to confront violations against agricultural lands, 8. Relit Al-Qurna village and west bank heritage sites and mountain, and 9. Construct 4500 housing unit in Al-Toud hill. Furthermore, HE. the governor maintained that he is also adopting the strategy of the HE. the ex. governor Gr. Samir Farag with its 34 projects modifying them to fit with the new administrative status of Luxor, 10 incorporating Esna and Armant, including: - Reclamation of 80,000 feddans, - Developing a new housing scheme in El-Bughdadi town, and - Regeneration of the Luxor Cornish walk. - Continuing the Rams road (Al-Kibash Rd.) project. P.S. Based on the CES-MED team investigation, mainly by the TL and NKE, during the team's visits in December 2016 and January 2017, most of the projects above related to energy and environmental quality enhancements haven’t been launched. Though there is no governorate's vision and mission nor clearly declared strategy, yet reviewing the above it is obvious that we have three main dimensions that articulate what we can define as a tentative vision of Luxor: The First: Luxor as a Heritage City/ Governorate of the World, as has been aimed at and attempted since 2004. The Second: Luxor as a Green City/ Governorate, declared in 2014. The Third: Luxor as a governorate of investment opportunities, as declared by H.E. the governor in 2015 for potential investment in clean energy, housing and agriculture and its industries. 3 www.alarabonline.org/?id=25412 4 An interview with H.E. Dr. Mohamed Saied Badr for Akhbarelyoum Newspaper 21 st May 2015. Akhbarelyom.com/article/55ccd9d80cff1350034e2/1440662960 5 m.alwafd.org/ ‏-أسعى-لتحویل-الأقصر-الى-منطقة-استثماریة-للخدمات-المتكاملة‎1079558‎ المحافظات / 6 Akhbarelyoum Newspaper 21 st May 2015. 48

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    This project is funded by the Europ

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    EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE

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    Table of contents Executive Summary

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    4.3. Renewable energy development .

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    2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu

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    List of tables Table 1: Emission fa

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    Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an

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    Section I: Governorate climate and

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    (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u

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    implementing the NEEAP and using sm

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    previously set by H.E. General Fara

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    8. Construct 4500 housing units in

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    2. Promote the integration of energ

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    The SEAU will be in charge of all G

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    To ensure the success of project im

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    Financing the SECAP The Governorate

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    consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.

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    1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e

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    Value provided Method Final value E

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    * Emissions from livestock and anim

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    average emissions per capita in Egy

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    10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui

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    Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4

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    Figure 11: Impression of the City o

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    4. Planned actions for the city of

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    This commitment to act on its own p

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    EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering

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    places and avenues where the new li

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    - Get a good understanding of the b

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    energy conservation, energy efficie

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    only possible when real alternative

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    155 boats with an average fuel cons

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    Luxor and, by the way, a very effic

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    4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    the installation of ordinary lamps

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    - Staff training needs: Coordinatio

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    - Coordinate with the road manageme

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    2.2.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    3.1. Template Identification of CAP

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    expected in %. 2- Reduce carbon emi

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    staff and household owners and mana

  • Page 221 and 222: Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre
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  • Page 225 and 226: Climate Change Legislation in Egypt
  • Page 227 and 228: Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..
  • Page 229 and 230: 1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of
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  • Page 235 and 236: - Tourism and Heritage problem Lack
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  • Page 247 and 248: - Awareness campaign for SCA staff
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  • Page 251 and 252: After minimising trips by 40 per ce
  • Page 253 and 254: Public-Private-Partnerships (availa
  • Page 255 and 256: to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean
  • Page 257 and 258: 5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was
  • Page 259 and 260: Phase 2: Continue with the rest of
  • Page 261 and 262: 5.1.5. Environmental public awarene
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  • Page 265 and 266: Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D
  • Page 267 and 268: 5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions
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  • Page 271: 6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra
Race to the front
The Role of Nuclear Power in a Low Carbon Economy - Sustainable ...
Connecting the Future - Greenpeace UK
Capital consumption - London Sustainable Development Commission
Sustainable Energy Options - Arab Forum for Environment and ...
Guide for local and regional governments - Council of European ...
Make IT Green: Cloud computing and its contribution - Greenpeace
Climate Change Mitigation.pdf - IESR
Future low carbon energy systems - Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster
Wisconsin's Clean Energy Future - US Climate Action Network
Development a matter of energy.pdf - Train4dev.Net
Sustainable Community Energy Planning (for non-engineers)
Download summary report - Civic Exchange
InvestIng In sustaInable energy Futures - World Resources Institute
June 2010 PDF - 24 pages - Global Sustainable Electricity Partnership
SEN 61 - International Network for Sustainable Energy
Promise of a Solar Future (pdf) - Green America
Energy efficiency - “Pick the low-hanging fruit”
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