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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

implementation of its

implementation of its activities. Foreseen financing sources for the investments within the action plan 3.8.1.1 Financing from the national energy efficiency programme and renewable energies Governorates through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFAs) and Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation (MoIIC) can get direct access to funding agencies, but also can count on the support of additional resources coming from funding agencies through the Governorate Development and Lending Fund that connect Egypt negotiated supports with municipalities presenting specific projects. Egypt is one of the nations receiving the highest level of aid. The international community offers grants and loans to Egypt’s Government. Entities that provide aid can be categorized in seven groups: Arab nations, the European Union, the United States, and Japan, as well as international institutions - IFIs (including agencies of the UN system), European countries and Gulf States 10 . 3.8.1.2 Funding the energy sector Throughout the modern history of Egypt, most energy projects have been funded by international aid. Such aid usually comes from donors seeking to improve the security and stability of the Egypt energy sector. The EU, Germany, Italy, France, Greece, Spain, the Word Bank and IMF have provided support to reform the institutions and regulations in the sector. Some new grants for sustainable energy and sustainability actions include the EU’s SUDEP grant for local governments and municipalities, as well as the Word Bank’s recently created Trust Fund programme, a funding assistance mechanism. The European Union, along with the Word Bank Group – International Finance Corporation (IFC), issued programmes for knowledge products and grants for the fiscal year 2016 focusing on municipal services, energy, water and solid waste management. 3.8.1.3 Energy Efficiency Fund Legal basis for Energy Efficiency (EE) and Energy Savings (ES) targets in Egypt are based on a drafted law and National Energy Efficiency Strategy (NEES) 2000; savings are anticipated to be 15 per cent by 2030 11 . According to MED-ENEC report, EE in the building sector in the MENA region is primarily funded through governments and the international donor community but far less fund is offered by local commercial banks. 3.8.1.4 Application and awarding process Each grant has a unique set of requirements and application process. Generally, however, the first step includes the submission of concept notes and after an initial agreement; the potential beneficiaries submit a full proposal. Most often, grants are awarded based on the number of people, who will benefit from such grant as well as the sustainability and lasting impact of the proposed project. 10 The Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, MoIIC – Available at: http://www.miic.gov.eg/Front/Cooperation/DevPartnerList.aspx - (Accessed on: 14.08.2017) 11 Energy Efficiency Building Code, a Roadmap for Implementation in the MENA Region, September 2013, MED-ENEC – (Accessed: 20.08.2016). 28

Financing the SECAP The Governorate should identify all of the potential funding sources for the investments to be made within the framework of the SECAP. One of the principle issues for a successful strategy is the Governorate’s ability to finance ambitious energy management and renewable energy projects. The traditional systems of public and private funding may not be able to adapt to the new projects that come out of the SECAP. As a result, new and innovative finance mechanisms will be needed. It will be necessary to innovate by mixing loans, subsidies, third party financing, cooperative solutions and private funds, etc. Guaranteeing the funding of the SECAP’s actions is the most critical step. The Governorate cannot finance the entirety of its SECAP from its annual budget and will have to turn towards external funding at the national and international level. There are additional benefits to attracting external funding, including: • The involvement of various actors in the SECAP’s implementation helps to create a local, or even regional, sustainable energy market where actors can participate as suppliers, installers or users; • The engagement of local actors is a gage for the socio-economic integration of sustainable energy; • The cooperation with international backers gives more visibility to local actions and attracts greater investment and funding in case of success. It also encourages local deciders to support the projects and actions undertaken in the framework of the SECAP. 29

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents Executive Summary
  • Page 7 and 8: 4.3. Renewable energy development .
  • Page 9 and 10: 2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu
  • Page 11 and 12: List of tables Table 1: Emission fa
  • Page 13 and 14: Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an
  • Page 15 and 16: Section I: Governorate climate and
  • Page 17 and 18: (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u
  • Page 19 and 20: implementing the NEEAP and using sm
  • Page 21 and 22: previously set by H.E. General Fara
  • Page 23 and 24: 8. Construct 4500 housing units in
  • Page 25 and 26: 2. Promote the integration of energ
  • Page 27 and 28: The SEAU will be in charge of all G
  • Page 29: To ensure the success of project im
  • Page 33 and 34: consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.
  • Page 35 and 36: 1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e
  • Page 37 and 38: Value provided Method Final value E
  • Page 39 and 40: * Emissions from livestock and anim
  • Page 41 and 42: average emissions per capita in Egy
  • Page 43 and 44: 10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui
  • Page 45 and 46: Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4
  • Page 47 and 48: Figure 11: Impression of the City o
  • Page 49 and 50: 4. Planned actions for the city of
  • Page 51 and 52: This commitment to act on its own p
  • Page 53 and 54: EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering
  • Page 55 and 56: places and avenues where the new li
  • Page 57 and 58: - Get a good understanding of the b
  • Page 59 and 60: energy conservation, energy efficie
  • Page 61 and 62: only possible when real alternative
  • Page 63 and 64: 155 boats with an average fuel cons
  • Page 65 and 66: Luxor and, by the way, a very effic
  • Page 67 and 68: 4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1
  • Page 69 and 70: electricity used in tertiary buildi
  • Page 71 and 72: 4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul
  • Page 73 and 74: a feed in tariff policy. If this po
  • Page 75 and 76: producing solar heater in small wor
  • Page 77 and 78: TRANSPORT Common charter for servic
  • Page 79 and 80: Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb
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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    the installation of ordinary lamps

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    - Staff training needs: Coordinatio

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    - Coordinate with the road manageme

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    2.2.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    3.1. Template Identification of CAP

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    expected in %. 2- Reduce carbon emi

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    staff and household owners and mana

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    Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre

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    References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Eg

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    Climate Change Legislation in Egypt

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    Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..

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    1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of

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    2 3 (1) Heritage Sites (2) Agricult

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    Consequently, the following will be

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    - Tourism and Heritage problem Lack

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    The introduction of the by road, Lu

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    the constant stream of tourists has

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    Uncoordinated designation for herit

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    d) To mitigate visiting risks throu

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    from the SCA tourist info. Center s

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    - Awareness campaign for SCA staff

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    Provide comfortable environment fri

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    After minimising trips by 40 per ce

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    Public-Private-Partnerships (availa

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    to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean

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    5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was

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    Phase 2: Continue with the rest of

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    5.1.5. Environmental public awarene

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    • Spreading information and train

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    Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D

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    5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions

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    Component 1: Select and formulate t

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    6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra

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    Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxo

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