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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

Figure 13: Sustainable

Figure 13: Sustainable energy and climate action plan (SECAP) framework for the City of Luxor All stakeholders in Luxor Tourism The Governorate should design the appropriate action plan, then lead, facilitate and monitor its implementation, highlighting steps by steps, progress made and benefits for all publics. The best plan is the one which is actually addressing the key strategic sectors were real progress can be achieved. To do so, the SECAP of Luxor is established on the baseline emission inventory (BEI), which clearly identifies those sectors where specific efforts could actually result in major changes. A good plan is also a plan that combines different types of actions: kick wins demonstrating direct benefits in implementing the action plan; symbolic actions bringing visible changes in daily life of Luxor citizens; high return on investment action demonstration the business case behind the energy transition; more structural actions that will only bring results in the long term but are essential to actually establish new trends in energy consumption and production. For the city of Luxor, the following list of priority actions have been discussed and confirmed by the Governorate of Luxor, mainly H.E. Governor of Luxor: • Priority Action #1 – Transport: Urban Sustainable Mobility Master Plan • Priority Action #2 – Transport and Tourism: Sustainable and Green Boats • Priority Action #3 – Sustainable Approach of Residential Buildings • Priority Action #4 – Tourism and Energy: Green and Sustainable Hotels and Resorts Facilities • Priority Action #5 – Sustainable Approach of Governorate Buildings 4.1. Action on Governorate buildings and services The first priority of the Governorate and the City Council should be to act on its direct perimeter of responsibility: Governorate buildings and services (street lighting, water distribution & sanitation, waste management). It is only while being exemplary on its own perimeter that the City Council will be able to promote the mobilisation of all stakeholders, inviting them to reduce their energy consumption and contribute to the development of renewable energy capacities. 48

This commitment to act on its own perimeter also constitutes a field for investigation to test actions, assess results and impacts, in order to design appropriate recommendation that could be then proposed to citizens, companies, and any organization that will have to act to promote the local energy transition. The Governorate of Luxor is a public “service” organization working under specific regulations and by-laws enacted and improved over years in order to render the best services for its citizens, yet more efforts in this direction have been noticed between 2016 and 2017 to decentralise its activities in line with the Local Development new law under approval. Municipal buildings Current status The Governorate owns many buildings in different locations representing a total of 175,800 square meters that could be detailed as follows: • 142,500 square meters of offices (including, the city hall, administrative sites, water and sanitation offices, electricity management building, library, cultural centre, etc.), • 8,500 square meters of commercial facilities, warehouse and technical equipment, and • 24,800 square meters of schools and higher institutions. These buildings represent a potential of more or less 50,000 square meters of roofs to be equipped with solar PV to generate electricity. The governorate took early steps in this direction by installing solar PV panels on 4 buildings: 1) Governorate’s main building, 2) Public library, 3) Governorate’s conference hall, and 4) College of Fine Arts. Municipality buildings consume 4,7 GWh/year of electricity per year (2015 reference). This electricity consumption is used for lighting, cooling and heating, office equipment (computer, copiers, etc.), elevator, etc. The annual electricity bill for municipality buildings alone represents 3,599,961 EGP equivalent 173 K€. In average, in such conditions, electricity consumption in buildings is coming from lighting (20%), cooling and heating (70%), office equipment (computer, copiers, etc.) and elevators (10%). Lighting (in buildings): Some efforts were made to switch to efficient bulbs such as LED lamps; however, there is still neither tight control of lighting in buildings, nor efficient management using motion or occupancy sensors. There is a habit to switching lights on, whatever will be the availability of natural lights, even if this natural light is sufficient most of the time. Hence, raising awareness among staff and changing habits should be a priority. Beyond changing behaviour, specific devices (like motion and occupancy sensors) can be installed. Electric equipment: So far electric equipment (computers, copiers, printers, etc.) is basic. Raising awareness is also key to promote an efficient use of such equipment. Reduction in consumption could also come from switching to more energy efficient devices. It is recommended to shift to green labels state rating equipment currently promoted in Egypt. Cooling and heating: Most of the buildings are equipped with AC split systems. Only few offices are under a centralized temperature control system. There is still an important margin for improvement to ensure proper management of heating and cooling. Temperature inside building is often too high in cold season and too low in hot season. According to a study conducted by the MoERE in Egypt for public buildings, if staff was ensuring a more balanced used of cooling and set sensor temperature for cooling on 24-25°C, energy 49

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