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8 months ago

280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

Almost 80% of the urban

Almost 80% of the urban territory is covered with public lighting system. Some efforts have been made to switch to LED efficient device, but the City still need a comprehensive plan to significantly reduce its electricity consumption for public lighting. 4.1.2.2 Long term action plan (5 to 15 years’ time frame) Revolving fund to replace old lamps Informed by the experiments performed in different cities in the MED region, replacement of old lamps by modern technologies (LED) appears to be very cost effective. Even if LED lamps cost far more (highest prices reach 400€ per unit) than HPS one, they result in more than 50% consumption reduction and they last 15 years (when HPS have to be replaced every 3 years). This very cost-efficient technology also offers a very good quality of light. The City of Luxor looks for an initial financial support to feed in a revolving fund dedicated to old lamps replacement. The City should set up a specific budget monitoring mechanism and put aside financial resources preserved due to more efficient lamps replacing old devices. Resources saved will be invested again in lamp replacement. This set up could ensure full replacement over time (between 4 and 6 years depending on the initial level of investment) offering replenishment of the initial investment fund and additional budget availability due to cuts in the energy bill related to street lighting. The detailed process for this fund will be established as part of the priority action development. Street lighting strategic plan The City of Luxor would gain from developing a street lighting strategic plan, identifying areas of differentiated usage, where lighting would be then adapted to the actual needs per specific area. • Main roads, avenue and city entrances where high intensity lighting should be necessary at least between sunset and midnight and before sunrise. Note that lighting intensity could be easily reduced, even in these areas between midnight and few hours before sunrise; • Secondary streets where reduced lighting intensity should ensure safety while allowing low energy consumption; and • Specific areas (parks, narrow streets, pedestrian areas, etc.) where moving sensors should be installed to light up when people are around and avoid lighting when nobody is there. Such an improvement in urban planning and street infrastructures, linked with a tighter management of public demands, should lead to designing a lighting system combining qualitative lighting and reduced energy consumption. This evolution will require a combination of technical solutions (moving sensors, midnight automatic reduction, etc.) and social dialog to improve acceptance of different approaches (i.e., reduced lighting after midnight, appropriate lighting in narrow streets, parks, etc.). A possible work plan could unroll as follows: 1. Based on the city development plan identify 3 or 4 types of streets and areas according to their specific lighting needs. 2. Organise public consultation to ensure proper acceptance of the new lighting system propose and collect ideas to continue improving the plan. 3. Define the appropriate technical solutions for each type and design the implementation program taking into account priorities per type of areas (for example, identifying one specific block of streets, 52

places and avenues where the new lighting system would be implemented as a show case for the rest of the city). 4. Implement step by step the plan, organising all along the implementation process, a control and assessment mechanism – including public participation – to continuously improve the system based on performance assessment of the option adopted. Such monitoring must measure energy consumption reduction and highlight what it means in budget cuts. 4.1.2.3 Expected results Assumption: - Expanding conversion to LED lamps will result in 40% reduction in electricity consumption. - A strategic lighting management plan with an ambitious target to reduce lighting can provide another 20% cut (after the initial 40% cut). Energy in MWh/year GHG in tCO2eq/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut / BAU Street lighting 5,623 3,093 - 2,924 - 1,608 3,990 40 % Expand LED deployment (40%) - 2,249 - 1,237 Street lighting strategic plan (20%) - 675 - 371 4.1.2.4 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI Expand LED deployment (40%) 300,000 € 6 years Street lighting strategic plan (30%) 40,000 € 1 year Water delivery 4.1.3.1 Current status Water Services secure the production of 51,437,627 cubic meters/year of potable water exceeding consumption of 34,235,418 cubic meters/ year. The water service pumps water into the distribution network reaching almost all households. This activity consumes a lot of electricity: 15 GWh (3 times street lighting). This represents a cost of 11.5 million EGP (equivalent 551,042 €). 4.1.3.2 Action to promote The Governorate services should conduct a detailed assessment of the current status of the water distribution network and the wastewater treatment process. The return of experience from other cities in the Mediterranean Region demonstrate that such assessment can help identify areas where even limited investment could lead to significant energy saving. For example, switching from classical pumps to variable speed devices and high efficiency equipment might result in cutting electricity consumption by 30% or more. Likewise establishing a SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) system for monitoring and control could help identifying where the main problems are and how the water distribution could be optimized while reducing energy consumption. 53

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