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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

Considering the annual

Considering the annual budget consumed by the water distribution system, it is worth looking carefully at the design of the system that could offer a short-term to medium-term pay back. 4.1.3.3 Expected results Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut / BAU Water delivery 15,000 6,679 - 4,500 - 2,004 8,615 23 % Switch to variable power pumps (30% cut) - 3,000 - 1,336 SCADA system (15% cut) - 1,500 - 668 4.1.3.4 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI. Switch to variable power pumps 150,000 € 5 years SCADA system 70,000 € 2 years 4.1.4.1 Current status Solid waste management The solid waste issue gained significant attention in recent years, not only due to its environmental impacts, but also for its social and economical consequences. Waste management services collect close to 25.500 tons per year (more or less 43 kg per inhabitants of the City of Luxor) covering 60% of the city area. Almost all waste collected gets transferred to the landfill. There is no reliable data regarding waste composition breakdown in subcategories: bio waste; paper and carton; plastic; glass and others (mix). That’s a pity as such a detailed breakdown could help designing a separate waste collection to promote recycling and reduce transport to landfill. The service operates a large number of vehicles consuming diesel. Additionally, waste management requires electricity (lightening sites, electric equipment). The overall amount of energy consumed for waste treatment represents 12,4 GWh meaning an annual cost of 6,8 Million EGP (326.139 €). Waste in such a context in quite rich in organic matters, hence landfills are a significantly source of GHG emission (mainly methane). Non-energetic emissions from waste represent 20,576 tCO 2eq. Beside domestic waste there are huge amounts of organic waste coming from agriculture (with a significant part generated by the sugar cane production and processing). This material could be considered to feed in methanisation units that could process agricultural waste and the organic fraction of domestic waste to produce heat and gas that could be valued locally. 4.1.4.2 Possible actions The Governorate would gain realising a comprehensive assessment of its waste management, with the following objectives: 54

- Get a good understanding of the breakdown in different type of waste as a basis to design the most appropriate model of separate waste collection to sort material that can be recycled (paper and carton, plastic, metal, glass), keeping apart organic waste that could be directed to methanisation and leave only residual waste for landfilling. - Optimize the service with adequate containers for the suitable neighbourhood, appropriate collection tours to reduce transport costs. - Structure recycling’ chains giving value to material actually wasted and generating additional activities that will create jobs. - Specifically explore the benefit of installing bio-digesters units around the City of Luxor. - Explore the benefit or recovering methane form the landfill to capture it, hence significantly reducing GHG from the City of Luxor. Additionally, the City of Luxor, which is very concern by the need to improve cleanliness of the city to increase its attractiveness for tourists, would benefit from designing and implementing a plan to raise public awareness on waste management, to reduce waste generation and develop recycling. 4.1.4.3 Expected results Assumptions: - Reducing energy consumption by 20% due to waste collection optimization, - 20% recovery of GHG emission from landfilling, - Impact of possible bio-digesters development is not considered at this stage, and - Significant additional reduction could be obtained from a radical change in waste management, reducing drastically the amount of waste going to landfill and producing energy from waste. Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut / BAU Solid waste management 12,326 25,577 - 2,465 - 4,463 32,994 14 % Energy efficiency 12,326 5,001 - 1,000 - 348 Non-energetic emission 20,576 - 4,115 4.1.4.4 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI Energy efficiency 50,000 € 3 years Non-energetic emission To be define 55

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