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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

issues, engage in energy

issues, engage in energy conservation efforts or participate in renewable energies take off, and doing so, actively contribute in the implementation of the local and sustainable energy strategy that will reduce dependency on imported energy sources and improve local economy. Note: Results of awareness activities are specifically noticed in sectors (municipal building, residential buildings and mobility) where these activities will be developed and will have the biggest impact. 4.2. Action plan on the City of Luxor Beyond its direct scope of responsibility (on buildings and services), the Governorate of Luxor also has to mobilize all stakeholders acting in its boundaries. It is only through the overall commitment of stakeholders (residents, shops, businesses, tourism’ operators, local groups, farmers, etc.) that a significant reduction in energy consumption and development of renewable energy will be achieved Transport 4.2.1.1 Current situation Transport is one of the key concerns to be addressed, as this sector is the first energy consumer sector (41% with 2,002 GWh/y) and the first GHG emitter (33% with 531 ktCO 2equivalent/ year). Transportation within the city depends on private cars, shared taxis, private taxis… and the same for outside the city with larger buses and shared taxis. There are no public transports operated by the Governorate or any other public authority. The city is separate in two parts by the Nile river (Western bank and eastern bank), which make transportation from one bank to the other slightly more complex and might generate traffic jam at peak hours when people want to cross the bridges. Designing a traffic plan is a very complex issue to solve. In this context, the Governorate of Luxor already started reviewing the traffic organisation to make it more fluid in the main centre. As a result, air quality slightly improved and consumption of diesel and gasoline from cars decrease. Beyond this initial effort it is really hard to identify solutions to reduce the number of private cars in the city. Hence, a Master Plan for a Sustainable and Green Mobility is urgently required to reduce the high level of energy consumption and all nuisances attached to road traffic (noise, jam, air pollution). Not that air pollution has a very damaging impact on heritage sites which represents the essential attractiveness factor of the City of Luxor. Degrading this valuable asset would be dramatic for the long term. 4.2.1.2 Possible actions Short term (3 to 5 years) There are only few options to reduce energy consumption (and thus reduce GHG emission) from traffic in the City of Luxor. It seems that the only option would be to promote a negotiation process with all transport providers to adopt a common charter for global improvement of transport services aiming at clarifying routes, stops, timing, in order to promote synergies and avoid competition that will hamper the development of an efficient system. Longer term (5 to 15 years) A lot of work needs to be done on public awareness and behaviour. However, behavioural change would be 58

only possible when real alternatives are offered to allow people to actually change their current mobility practices. Ideally, a city committed to reduced energy consumption and GHG emission such as Luxor would implement a Sustainable, Clean and Green Urban Mobility Master Plan (SCGUMMP) that could entail the following: - Integrating transport and city planning policies, while prioritising public transportation as the first option and active modes of mobility for people (walking and cycling) and low emission modes for the transport of goods, - Structuring the urban transport sector by empowering a public transport authority to take action for the improvement of urban transport in the city. In the case of Luxor, this would mean a close collaboration between the Governorate services and the GOPP. It will also require the evolution of some of the current rules applying to transport and mobility, which appears counterproductive, - Developing communication and participation strategies involving the public, with the aim of facilitating behavioural changes, - Encouraging the rollout of new engine technologies in private and collective vehicles to help reduce fossil fuel consumption, in particular, - Promoting active modes of mobility, especially walking and cycling, in particular by providing safer conditions for the users and developing the use of electric bicycle, - Adopt Rapid Transit Bus (RTB) system from the airport to the city centre of Luxor, - Propose a specific action plan for tourism’ operators to offer appropriated services that would undermine the City attractiveness on the long term, and - Implementing a common methodology to measure GHG emissions, report on them and monitor all other benefits deriving from the development of sustainable urban mobility. Such a comprehensive plan would require a strong leadership from the Governorate. The design would need the contribution of a team of experts that would explore the best options combining recommendations regarding city planning, governance of the public transport system to be set up, governance – in partnership with the Governorate – of transport private operators, promotion of best practices and appropriate technologies, promotion and communication. Only when such a comprehensive plan would have been designed, it will be possible to detail investment required and time scale to transform the transport and mobility systems in the City of Luxor. 4.2.1.3 Expected results Assumptions: - Improved management and awareness among transport operators could lead to a 10% reduction in energy consumption from 2020 onwards (without significant investment), - Providing the Sustainable, Clean and Green Urban Mobility Master Plan implementation would have started in 2020 the latest and would demonstrate a 50% progress in implementation in 2030 the expected impact of such a plan should generate a reduction of 30% by 2030. This would include: • New engine technologies will allow securing à 10% reduction, • Active mobility development (cycling and walking) allow 5% reduction, • Urban planning allows traffic optimization that will reduce consumption by 10%, and 59

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