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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

Awareness raising on the

Awareness raising on the three targets (hotels, cruise boats transport) 150,000 € 3 to 5 years Cruise fleet refurbishment 5,000,000 € 2 to 3 years Land transportation replacement To be defined Hotel and resort refurbishment (revolving fund) 1,000,000 € 4 to 5 years Efficiency in lighting heritage sites 200,000 € 2 to 3 years Residential buildings 4.2.3.1 Current situation The residential buildings’ sector is the second highest sector in terms of energy consumption with 25% of the total energy used and GHG emission. The Luxor distribution company LEPCo distributes the electricity used in residential buildings. The City of Luxor has 159,604 residential buildings in 2005. The building sector is one of the key sectors to be addressed, as it is the second highest sector in terms of energy consumption and GHG emission. This sector represents 25% of the total energy consumption 1,243 GWh/ year and 26% of the total GHG emissions 501 kteqCO 2/ year. The residential buildings consume a total of 690,697 MWh of electricity annually, all households being connected to the grid. Note that 60 per cent of households are connected to the natural gas network. 4.2.3.2 Short-term actions (3 to 5 years time frame) There is a lot to do to raise public awareness on energy issues, inviting inhabitants to reduce their consumption and, as a consequence, cut their energy bill. This is to be applied on residential buildings. An awareness campaign doesn’t require a huge amount of money and can bring interesting results for both parties: the client learning to use less energy, the electricity utility (LEPCo) improving its services. Such awareness campaign to promote efficient behaviour should focus on few measures: - Promoting the proper temperature at home: using excessive air’ cooling is not good for public health and result in huge electricity consumption. Adjusting air conditioning systems’ thermostats to be always at 24 degrees Celsius in summer would save up to 25 per cent of the energy consumption, - Promoting behavioural changes at home: turning off lights, proper management of refrigerator, time of use of washing machines, boiling waters in kettles and replacing classical bulbs with efficient devices, promoting energy efficient cooling/ heating devices, as the one on the market are not good enough. People usually buy cheap equipment without taking into account the higher level of energy consumption, which results in a higher “global cost” over a certain period of time, and emphasises on buying green label appliances, - Control elevators’ use to limit their use to 3 rd floor unless users have medical issue/problems, - Apply plastic sheets on windows’ glass/glazing to reduce the impact of solar radiation impending on the external buildings’ façades. A rough calculation allows considering that a widespread awareness campaign could result in a 30 per cent reduction of electricity consumption (estimation being more difficult on other fluids) in 50 per cent of households and private buildings. 64

4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 10 years’ time frame) The most obvious plan to develop on the medium term is the promotion of Solar Heating System to produce hot sanitary water and avoid unnecessary electricity consumption. - Promote the use of solar water heating (SWH) system instead of the current electric water heating (EWH) systems. Currently, there is almost no use of solar water heating system in the city of Luxor and this action could tremendously reduce the electricity consumption for the specific need of hot sanitary water. It will be important to demonstrate the financial benefit of choosing a SWH system against an EWH one, - Involve and train companies that will produce, sell and install SWH systems, and - A possible model to market SWH would be to ask for a monthly fee that would be minimal compare to the electricity bill people are used to pay, allowing the company, not only to recover the cost of the installation after few months but get recurrent revenues on the long run, from “selling hot water” and ensuring the maintenance of the equipment. 4.2.3.4 Long-term actions (5 to 15 years time frame) On the long term, it would be necessary to develop a renovation programme targeting less energy efficient building where basic insulation could significantly improve comfort while reducing energy consumption. To design and implement an adequate energy-retrofitting plan for residential buildings, the Governorate of Luxor should engage in the following steps: - Assess the need through a detailed mapping of housing, registering average energy consumption per square meter, date of construction, location, - Train small local companies that will have the flexibility to work in different type of conditions while performing adequate retrofitting programmes aiming at significant energy reduction, - Develop a partnership with a bank acting as a “third party investor” that will support the necessary investment to cover the cost of building’ retrofitting. The bank will recover the cost of the loan from a part of the savings allowed by the retrofitting programme, and - Promote retrofitting in selected targets offering the best potential in terms of return on investment and, elaborating on these showcases to further deploy the plan. The main constraints of such a plan will be the mobilization of appropriate resources to fund renovation programmes, as in many cases house owners will not have the fund to invest at the appropriate level. This is why such a programme requires a partnership between the Governorates offering the guarantee that retrofitting will result in actual energy bill reduction, and the bank providing the funds. Such a plan should also include adoption of efficient cooling devices. In addition, it could include the installation of solar PV panels to contribute to renewable electricity production, or/and install vegetal green roofs (if possible along with Solar PV panels) to reduce high temperature, especially in very hot summer months in the City of Luxor. The Governorate should also work on promoting energy high-performance references for new building to be constructed. Note that the City of Luxor may benefits from the support of the German cooperation, or similar bilateral cooperation, to develop a building certification scheme that includes specific requirements on energy efficiency. 65

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