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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

4.2.3.5 Expected results

4.2.3.5 Expected results Assumptions: - Awareness can lead to 30% cuts in 50% of households, - EWH consumes 30% of electricity households and the programme can manage to install SWH in 50% of households by 2030, and - Building retrofitting will concern 20% of buildings by 2030, ensuring a 50% improvement in energy efficiency. Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut/ BAU Residential buildings 1,243,125 451,013 - 497,256 - 180,402 581,807 30 % Awareness to reduce consumption - 186,469 - 67,649 SWH system installation - 186,469 - 67,649 Housing renovation plan for EE - 124,312 - 45,104 4.2.3.6 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI Awareness to reduce consumption 200,000 € 1 to 2 years SWH system installation 2,000,000 € 2 to 3 years Housing renovation plan for EE (revolving fund) 2,000,000 € 4 to 5 years Tertiary buildings 4.2.4.1 Current situation Tertiary buildings are considered in two different categories: buildings owned and managed by the Governorate and other buildings (shops, offices, public administration buildings - different for Governorate ones, educational buildings, hotels, restaurants, banks and other service industries, health centres and hospitals, sport or cultural facilities, leisure equipment’s, religious buildings, etc.). Governorate buildings and street lighting have already been addressed in previous sections dedicated to the direct scope of responsibility of the Governorate. We are here looking at “non governorate” tertiary buildings. In the city of Luxor, there are 703 religious buildings (140 churches and 563 mosques owned by the Governorate), and one hospital also owned by the Governorate. The tertiary buildings’ sector is the fourth sector in terms of energy consumption 295 GWh/year (6%) and GHG emission with 128 k tCO 2eq/year (7%) in 2015. The Luxor distribution company LEPCo distributes 66

electricity used in tertiary buildings; tertiary buildings consume a total of 274,122 MWh of electricity annually, with a connection rate of 100 per cent. 4.2.4.2 Possible actions Addressing the tertiary sector is always complex. The action plan should make a distinction between tertiary building owned by entrepreneurs who can see a direct benefit in energy saving as this will increase their profitability, and tertiary building owned or managed by groups that don’t have a direct interest in cutting costs. Entrepreneurs will be sensitive to an awareness campaign highlighting the financial benefit of any efforts to improve building efficiency. Instead other groups will be more interested in the symbolic value of contributing to the energy transition in the City of Luxor. It is necessary to add a first step to properly assess the need through a detailed mapping of tertiary buildings, (schools and religious buildings), registering average energy consumption per square meter, date of construction, location. This will help targeting buildings offering the best potential for saving. Hence, the action plan could be structured with two components: Private entrepreneurs and services - Unroll a vast awareness raising campaign among entrepreneurs to invite them to invest in energy efficiency in their building (air conditioning system, efficient lighting, etc.). The awareness could be built on the same model than the one developed for residential buildings. It also should be supported by specific training initiatives directed at premises managers and maintenance staff to help them promoting systems that will significantly support energy conservation. - Offer them technical support (using the Green tourism support unit mentioned earlier) to speed up change in tertiary building, and - Reward the more effective efforts offering official support and media coverage. Non-commercial service’ providers - The Governorate should develop partnerships with some of these “service providers” to develop showcases of efficient building also using renewable energy, - Promote energy efficiency in hospitals and health centres, offering the possibility for these institutions to use saving for re-investing in improving their capacity to deliver services, and - Engage a partnership with priests and imams to develop energy efficient devices and renewable energy in mosques and churches. 4.2.4.3 Expected results Assumptions: - Awareness and staff training can lead to 30% cuts in 50% of buildings, and - Specific actions on schools and religious building can lead to 50% reduction in 50% of these buildings, which are considered to represent 20% of the overall sector. 67

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